NVIDIA users will be able to use Wayland by default in Ubuntu 24.10 

Ubuntu 24.10 Roadmap

The work of the Canonical developers who are in charge of Ubuntu does not stop and after the launch of Ubuntu 22.04 LTS, The development of what will be the next version began of this popular Linux distribution and our colleague pablinux has already mentioned some of them.

Currently, The roadmap for the development of Ubuntu 24.10 has already been released and among the changes and new features that the Ubuntu work team will focus on, one of them is the one that has caught the attention of many, since it has been announced that in Ubuntu 24.10 NVIDIA users will be able to use Wayland by default, which marks a significant change.

And is that Historically, NVIDIA proprietary drivers have had limited support for Wayland, requiring Xorg/X11. Improved compatibility and performance with Wayland led Canonical engineers to make this change, setting the stage for broader adoption of Wayland in future LTS releases.

Hello friends, Oliver here. After over two and a half years of managing Ubuntu products here at Canonical, I'm excited to take on the role of interim engineering director for the Ubuntu desktop team. I've worked closely with this group since the beginning, helping put together roadmaps and priorities for all of our releases since Ubuntu 22.04 LTS and sharing behind-the-scenes stories highlighting our work on Firefox. 21, Ubuntu Core Desktop 77, Steam Snap 17, and WSL 13 on the way. While I know well the effort that goes into releasing each new version of Ubuntu Desktop, it will be a new experience to be able to continue driving our shared vision. 18from within the engineering team itself and work even more closely with this dedicated and passionate team.

Ubuntu adopted Wayland for the first time as your default display server in 2017, before switching back to Xorg in 2018. Tried again in 2021 and has kept Wayland as default since then. However, those who install Ubuntu on a PC or laptop with an NVIDIA graphics card they have been limited to using only the Xorg/X11 session due to the limited compatibility of NVIDIA proprietary drivers with Wayland.

However With the recent announcement, This change to Wayland by default in Ubuntu 24.10 for NVIDIA users is quite significant because:

  • Improved compatibility:
    • NVIDIA drivers have improved compatibility and performance with Wayland, prompting Canonical to make this change.
  • Preparation for future LTS releases:
    • This move sets the stage for broader adoption of Wayland in future long-term support (LTS) releases of Ubuntu.
  • Performance and stability:
    • The transition to Wayland promises to deliver improved performance and stability capabilities for NVIDIA users, taking full advantage of the hardware's capabilities.

It is true that The relationship between NVIDIA and Wayland has evolved in recent years. Previously, NVIDIA did not have strong integration with Wayland, but due to changing standards in most Linux distributions and the opportunities this technology offers, NVIDIA has gradually moved closer to Wayland.

As the situation between NVIDIA and Wayland has improved, Although not perfectly, Canonical engineers have decided to make Wayland session the default option for all NVIDIA graphics card users in Ubuntu 24.10.

However, due to some known issues and considering that Ubuntu Desktop is widely used in industries such as AI/ML and VFX, they have decided not to make this change in Ubuntu 24.04 LTS and preferred to do it over a transitional version, since these are designed to testing substantial changes before including them in LTS releases, allowing for real-world testing and troubleshooting before implementing broader changes.

While all supported versions of Ubuntu can run Wayland on NVIDIA, the experience may vary depending on the version of Ubuntu and the NVIDIA driver used, and may require some waiting or configuration adjustments for the best performance and compatibility.

finally if you are interested in knowing more about it, you can check the details in the following link

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