Brief review of the history of Ubuntu. Part 2

The wild boar gave its name to the first version of Ubuntu


On the 19th anniversary of the launch of its first version, we had started a brief review of the history of Ubuntu. We left when Mark Shuttleworth gathered a group of programmers in his London apartment with the mission of establishing the goals of the new Linux distribution.

Once the project objectives were established, it was time to create a structure to be able to carry it out.

Brief review of the history of Ubuntu

The birth of Canonical

Mark Shuttleworth wanted the new distribution to be ready in 6 months and for that he needed full-time developers. This meant having to pay them. To make this possible a company was needed.

However, a Red Hat or Novell-style company meant having to limit yourself to one geographic location, and The South African did not want to deprive himself of the best brains in the open source world or face the expensive expenses of moving them to London (In case they accept)

Today teleworking is common in the world of work, but in 2004 both the Internet infrastructure and the software were much less developed and, the only tools available were IRC and mailing lists.

Since our youngest readers probably do not know what IRC is, let's explain that it is a protocol that allows real-time communication between two or more people. This communication mostly uses text format. The exchange takes place in so-called "channels" and everyone who logs into a channel can communicate with each other even if they have not previously agreed to do so.

A mailing list is a group of email addresses that are used to send messages to multiple recipients simultaneously. These must subscribe to the list and it groups messages by subject.

Even today these two tools continue to be a fundamental part of the development of Ubuntu and other free software projects.

shuttleworth I was hoping that this distributed approach would encourage contributors to interact with other people in the community who would join the project. either by spreading it or collaborating directly.

The name of the new company was “Canonical.”. In English, one of the meanings is a generally accepted rule or procedure and that acceptance is voluntary. The idea is that other Linux distributions would accept the principles by which Ubuntu was guided.

The arrival of the rough boar

On August 20, 2004, Ubuntu 4.10 Warty Warthog was released, which among other things would introduce some classic Canonical customs, free shipping of CDs to all parts of the world (custom now discontinued), the name of an animal associated with an adjective with the same letter and, the semi-annual frequency of releases that had been established among the objectives of the project.

Warty Warthog was the first to come with the GNOME 2.08 desktop, the Gaim (Now renamed Pidgin) 1.0 messaging client, the Gimp 2.0 photo editing program, the Firefox browser, the OpenOffice 1.1 office suite. Version 2.6.8 as core and XFree86 4.3 as graphical server.

The version for servers also included the MySQL 4.0 database and support for the PHP 4.3 and Python 2.3 languages.

In addition to shipping by mail, the installation medium came as a gift with the October issue of several computer magazines of the time.

In addition to the CD, the shipment included an explanatory brochure and a poster with a group of people holding hands in a circle on a brown background.

Along with the files necessary for installation, the disk came with a short video of South African leader Nelson Mandela explaining the meaning of Ubuntu and how this philosophy described an open society. Once the installation was finished you could find that video in the Videos folder.

If you're curious, you can try Ubuntu 4.10 Warty Warthog on a virtual machine by downloading it here

This story will continue, but bear with me because the sources are scattered all over the web.


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