Get Ubuntu and its official flavors

ubuntu-flavors

One of the most notable features of Ubuntu and GNU / Linux in general is, surely, the variety of distributions that we have at our disposal. In fact, many of them are based on a more popular distro, such as Ubuntu and its well-known official flavors.

There is a wide variety of distributions based on Ubuntu, which, as we have said, are called official flavors. From distros with highly customizable desktops, such as Kubuntu, to distros oriented to consume few resources and have a light operation on our PC, as is the case with Lubuntu. In Ubunlog we want to review all the official Ubuntu flavors and explain how we can obtain them.

As you can see, the characteristics of each flavor vary depending on the characteristics of the machine and the user who will use said distribution. In all the small reviews that we will make of each distro, we will talk about how and where we can download the ISO images of each distribution.

So if you don't know how to record an image on a storage device, you can take a look at this post that we wrote a few weeks ago in which we explained how to do it in Ubuntu. We started.

Edubuntu

Computer science education also begins at school. Therefore, there is an official flavor oriented to be used mainly in schools. One of the premises of this distribution, totally based on the Free Software concept, is that knowledge and learning should always be available to everyone who wants to grow as a person and improve the world around them.

To install Edubuntu on our PCs we can do it in two ways. If we want to install Edubuntu on a machine that already has Ubuntu installed, just install one of these packages either from the Synaptic Package Manager or directly from the terminal by executing the command:

sudo apt-get install package_name

The package that we must install depends on the course that Edubuntu is going to use. The package list is as follows:

  • ubuntu-edu-preschool for Nursery School.
  • ubuntu-edu-primary for Primary.
  • ubuntu-edu-secondary for Secondary.
  • ubuntu-edu-tertiary for the University.

If we don't have Ubuntu installed on our machine, we can download the distro image from here!, depending on the architecture of our PC.

Ubuntu GNOME

Screenshot of Conky

This distro is perhaps one of the most widely used and well-known official Ubuntu flavors. As its name suggests, this distro uses GNOME as its desktop environment. If you want to see how this distro looks on a PC, in Ubunlog we dedicate an entry to this distro and my personal experience with it. This distro stands out for its great customization capacity and its increasingly minimalist and elegant style.

To download the image we can do it from its official website . If you already have any other flavor of Ubuntu installed on your PC, you can install Ubuntu GNOME by running the following command:

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-gnome-desktop

Also, if you want to remove the Ubuntu packages that are not going to be necessary, you can do so by running:

sudo apt-get purge ubuntu-default-settings

sudo apt-get purge ubuntu-desktop

sudo apt-get autoremove

Kubuntu

Kubuntu-8.10-miniscreenshot

While Ubuntu with GNOME is one of the most popular and customizable distros, Kubuntu, the flavor that uses KDE Plasma 5 as a desktop environment, is not far behind. This layout also has a very elegant design and is also incredibly customizable.

If you want to install this official flavor on your PC you can download its ISO image from here!. Again, if you already have Ubuntu installed, you can install Kubuntu by running the following commands:

sudo apt-get install kubuntu-desktop

You can also remove packages that are no longer needed by running the commands described in the Ubuntu GNOME section.

Anyway, if you want a much more detailed tutorial on how to install this official flavor, we recommend that you read this post we wrote when Kubuntu 15.04 came out.

Ubuntu Kylin

ubuntu kylin

This distribution is, at least for me, something peculiar. And it is that Ubuntu Kylin is oriented to be used only in China and to satisfy the needs that the inhabitants of this country may have. If you read to us from China and can't wait to install this official flavor, you can download it here!.

Lubuntu

lubuntu

If your PC is something old or does not have very optimal characteristics, Lubuntu is your solution. This official flavor is oriented to have a very light operation since it consumes very few resources. All thanks to the lightweight applications that your LXDE (Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment) desktop already uses.

This official flavor is able to run without problems on machines that only have a RAM of 256 to 384 MB. So if you need a light Operating System for your PC that does not have many resources or you just want to try the minimalist design of this official flavor, you can download Lubuntu here!.

If you already have any official Ubuntu flavor, you can install Lubuntu directly from the terminal by installing the corresponding Lubuntu package. To do this, run the following command:

sudo pat-get install lubuntu-desktop

You can also install the package lubuntu-desktop looking for it in the Synaptic package manager.

Mythbuntu

MythBuntu-Intrepid-Ibex_2

This official flavor is aimed at establishing a system based on MythTV, a totally free digital video recorder under the GNU GPL license. Mythubuntu is designed to be precisely integrated with an existing MythTV network. In addition, as indicated on their official site, the architecture of Mythubuntu allows simple conversions from a standard Ubuntu desktop to Mythbuntu and vice versa. To install it you can access this link. If you already have Ubuntu installed on your PC, you can directly search for Mythbuntu in the Ubuntu Software Manager and proceed with the installation.

Ubuntu Studio

If you dedicate yourself to any field related to multimedia creation or editing, be it music, image, video, graphic design ... This is the official Ubuntu flavor perfect for you. This distro has many free multimedia applications pre-installed aimed precisely at editing and creating multimedia content. One of the objectives of this flavor is to bring the world of GNU / Linux closer to all those who are dedicated to the multimedia sector. It also aims to be as simple to install and use as possible so that it is really accessible to anyone.

You can download the ISO image of this official flavor from here!.

Xubuntu

Xubuntu_13.04_English

Xubuntu is the official Ubuntu flavor that uses XFCE as a desktop environment, which like LXDE, is a very lightweight environment. Xubuntu is an elegant, easy-to-use, and highly customizable distro. It is the perfect layout for those who want to get the most out of their desks with a cool modern and with the necessary characteristics to have a really optimal operation.

To get Xubuntu, you can do it from this link, in which you can choose for which type of machine you want to download this official flavor.

If you already have Ubuntu installed on your PC, you can install Xubuntu by installing the corresponding package. To do this you execute the following command:

sudo apt-get install xubuntu-desktop

If you want to know in more detail the characteristics that this distribution presents, you can take a look at the entry we wrote in Ubunlog when its latest version saw the light.

Ubuntu MATE

matt

Another of the environments that always give to talk (in a good way) is MATE. If you prefer to use the traditional Ubuntu desktop, then this is your official flavor. In addition, the hardware requirements are not very demanding, but rather modest, since the minimum you need to be able to run the latest version of this distribution is 512 MB of RAM, 8 GB of hard disk and a processor from the Pentium family. III.

If you want to install this official flavor, you can download it from your Official Site. As always, you can also install it from Ubuntu if you already have it installed.

First we have to add the Ubuntu Mate repositories to our Ubuntu by executing the following commands:

sudo apt-add-repository ppa: ubuntu-mate-dev / ppa

sudo apt-add-repository ppa: ubuntu-mate-dev / trusty-mate

Then we update packages:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

And finally we install the environment with:

sudo apt-get install --no-install-recommends ubuntu-mate-core ubuntu-mate-desktop

You can follow this installation guide from Ubuntu MATE that we posted on Ubunlog a couple of months ago.

In short, we hope that this Ubunlog entry has helped you and that now you can have it easier to decide which official Ubuntu flavor to install on your PC


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  1.   Juan Jose Cabral said

    For me Mate is the best desktop

  2.   Eudes Javier Contreras Rios said

    Plasma 5 is not as customizable as its predecessor KDE4, the desktops cannot have an independent appearance so they are simple work areas (like the other DEs), it does not have many plasmoids (widgets), it crashes the graphical composition if you do not install the proprietary software. The last attempt to install - that was last week - failed because the icon to activate the wifi to perform the process with my pc connected to the network did not work.
    For those "tiny details" I use LinuxMint with KDE4 and will continue to use it as long as I can; then when KDE4 ceases to exist on all distros, I will think of Cinnamon, Mate, or Unity.