I will take advantage of this space to be able to share with you a small guide focused for the newbies in Ubuntu and also to all of them who still do not know how to customize their system. In this little section I will show you how to install themes and icon packs in our system without the need to resort to a repository.
The first thing we should do is look for a topic that is compatible with our desktop environment or pack some icons on the web.
I share some sources where you can find many options to customize the appearance of your system:
There are also very good communities on G + where you can get good themes and icon packs.
After having obtained your theme in a compressed file, generally in zip or tar, we proceed to decompress it to obtain a folder, depending on the case, it is the path where we will place it.
How to install a theme in Ubuntu?
For the case of themes, already obtained the resulting folder after unzipping, we proceed to open a terminal and execute the following command:
Depending on your desktop environment it will be your file manager for example this thunar, konqueror, dolphin.
Once this is done, your file manager with privileges will open, now we are going to go to our personal folder and inside her we will press the following key combination "Ctrl + H", once this is done, the hidden folders will be shown, if it doesn't work, you can check the options of your file manager and select the option to "show hidden files."
With that we can see the .themes folder where we will copy and paste into this the folder resulting from the file that we unzipped.
In case you cannot find this folder, we must go to / usr / share / themes
Now we just have to go to our appearance settings section and select our theme, we can download the Gnome Look tool so that we can use it to select the theme that we have just installed or simply look for our "Appearance and Themes" section.
How to install Icons in Ubuntu?
The installation process is almost the same that as if we were to install a theme, the only variant we have is the path where the icons are stored which is inside your personal folder in the .icons folder.
And in case it is not found, we copy our icon packs in the route / usr / share / icons.
It is also important that the icons folder has its index file inside, which is essential since it is the one that will serve as an indicator to specify each icon and its size.
PTo select the package we use tweaktool or with the following command in case of using gnome
gsettings set org.gnome.desktop.interface icon-theme "el nombre de los iconos"
How to install a font in Ubuntu?
In this small section I will show you how to install ttf fonts in our system. Generally, the sources that we find on the web are downloaded without being compressed, otherwise we only have to unzip the file and search the resulting folder for the file with the extension ttf.
Once this is done, we only have to carry out the same process that we do with the installation of themes or icons, only that in our personal folder we will find the .fonts folder.
Or if this section is not found, we go to the following path / usr / share / fonts.
How to create a shortcut for the Icons, Fonts and Themes folders?
This is an additional step to it since it is quite useful, because if we do not have the shortcuts in our personal folder, we only have to create them to avoid going to another route.
mkdir ~/.icons ln -s /usr/share/icons/home/tu_usuario/.icons
mkdir ~/.themes ln -s /usr/share/themes /home/tu_usuario/.themes
mkdir ~/.fonts ln -s /usr/share/fonts /home/tu_usuario/.fonts
I just hope that this little guide will help you to customize your system without having to add so much repository to install a theme, icon or font.