The best desktop environments for Ubuntu and derivatives

Popular Ubuntu Desktops

Before the imminent arrival of the new version of Ubuntu, there are many who are in the process of updating. While one of the quite influential questions of this new version is the fact that it counts with Gnome as desktop environment default.

While it is not a big deal, since It is not the only Desktop Environment that existse, that is why there are different flavors of Ubuntu with which they provide the system with some other environment that is not the one that has the default version 17.10 Artful Aardvark.

Here I will take the opportunity to inform you about some of the most popular desktop environments for your operating system, any of these can be installed not only in Ubuntu but also in any derivative of it.

Different Desktop Environments for Ubuntu

Before starting with this article there will be many who will be able to comment that there are different flavors of Ubuntu for this, it does not leave aside that you can give yourself the possibility of trying any of these.

Cinnamon

Cinnamon

Cinnamon

Cinnamon is the desktop environment created by the Linux Mint development team this as a fork of Gnome 2.x, but with the power of Gnome 3.x and as an alternative for those who are not convinced by either Unity or Gnome-Shell

To install this great desktop environment it is necessary to add the repository to the system, although it is already in the official Ubuntu repositories, you should know that they do not have the most current version:

Installation from Ubuntu repositories:

sudo apt-get install cinnamon

Using the Official repository

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:embrosyn/cinnamon
sudo apt-get updates
sudo apt-get install cinnamon

Mate

MATE desktop

MATE desktop

Mate is a desktop environment derived from Gnome 2 codebase. It was born from the dissatisfaction of some users with the Gnome 3 shell and who preferred to stay with the model that Gnome 2 used.

In order to install Mate as a desktop environment, just open the terminal and type the following:

sudo apt-get install mate-desktop-environment-extras

PlasmaDesktop

plasma desktop

It is the first workspace developed by KDE. Is designed for large desktops and laptops, it stands out for having a wide range of configurations and allowing radical deviations in the default design.

While there is also KDE plasma Notebook.

Plasma Notebook is the KDE workspace which was specifically developed to get the most out of portable devices like a netbook or tablet pc.

To add this environment, we have to add the Kubuntu repositories:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:kubuntu-ppa/backports

Or also adding these lines to the sources.list

sudo gedit /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/kubuntu-ci/stable/ubuntu artful main
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/mozillateam/firefox-next/ubuntu artful main
deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/mozillateam/thunderbird-next/ubuntu artful main

For the installation we do it with:

sudo apt update && sudo apt install kubuntu-desktop

And the version for Notebooks:

sudo apt-get install kde-plasma-netbook

Xfce

xfce desktop

It is a lightweight desktop environment and his goal is to be fast using few system resources while remaining visually appealing and easy to use.

Just open a terminal and place the following, for installation:

sudo apt-get install xubuntu-desktop

LXDE

lxde

It is not designed to be as complex as KDE or GNOME, but it is quite usable and lightweight, and maintains low resource and power utilization. Unlike other desktop environments, the components are not tightly integrated. Rather, the components are independent, and each one can be used independently with very few dependencies.

Just open a terminal and place the following, for installation:

sudo apt-get install lubuntu-desktop

Pantheon

pantheon desktop

Pantheon is a desktop environment that is under development as it is the desktop environment that is used in Elementary OS, this environment was written from scratch using Vala.

To install it we open the terminal and type:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:elementary-os/daily
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nemequ/sqlheavy
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install pantheon-shell

Enlightenment

enlightenment desktop

Enlightenment was already revolutionary when GNOME or KDE were still in their infancy, and although its evolution has slowed down for a while now, it is still a desktop environment that provokes true passions. Few distributions choose it as the default desktop, but that does not mean that we cannot install it easily if we feel like it

To install it, we open terminal and type:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:niko2040/e19
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install enlightenment terminology

open box

It is a window manager, not a desktop environment. Openbox is only responsible for keeping windows open on the screen nothing else. That means that the Openbox installation does not give easy access to the wallpaper options menu, a taskbar or a system panel.

This does not leave aside all the possibilities of being able to adapt it and its manipulation, resulting in beautiful minimalist environments.

For its installation we do it with:

sudo apt-get install openbox obconf

Finally, these are some of the most popular desktop environments in Linux, if you think that we needed one, do not hesitate to comment,


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  1.   Camilo said

    In this list, the Deepin desktop is missing. https://launchpad.net/~leaeasy/+archive/ubuntu/dde

    1.    David yeshael said

      I like it, it is visually attractive but it still has several things to polish.

  2.   Omar Torn said

    They are not stable, like the beautiful elementary environment?

  3.   Jimmi Bazurto Cobeña said

    I stick with plasma, kubuntu is the law. ?

  4.   Vincent valentine said

    Plasma… KDE neon the best….

  5.   Javier Grace said

    Xfce

  6.   Kevo.THASHER said

    XFCE or Openbox

  7.   Cristhian said

    Plasma notebook? I have been using plasma with pleasure for a year but I didn't know that version. How does it differ from the original?

  8.   Daniel said

    I use LXDE, a light and very fast desktop (Linux LXLE). Greetings.

  9.   Tomas Cortes Berisso said

    I like Mate! I haven't caught kubuntu much, I don't know what plasma is; and I'm also testing Studio….

  10.   It gave_ said

    I love TDE (Trinity) an environment that everyone forgets about and that is hardly used. By the way, is it still in development?

  11.   Manuel S. said

    Good afternoon, I'm installing ubuntu 20.04 with a usb memory, I did all the steps, but when I started the installation it gave the message "detecting file system" and it stayed there for a long time.
    Question, can I and / or should I suspend there to redo the process or do I let it continue until I see what happens?

  12.   DarkGames88 said

    I would like to know if someone knows how to configure the openbox environment as in the image, my email is yt.darkcraft@gmail.com