Mafi kyawun shirye-shirye kyauta ga mawaƙa

Tux kunna guitar

Yawancin masu amfani da Ubuntu ko GNU / Linux gabaɗaya waɗanda su kansu mawaƙa, sun taɓa yin mamakin shin akwai ainihin madadin wasu shirye-shiryen mallakar kamar Garageband, Guitar Rig ko Guitar Pro. A cikin wannan rubutun za mu ga wasu daga mafi kyawun zabi don mawaƙa masu amfani da GNU / Linux.

Tare da shirye-shiryen da zamu bincika zaku iya rikodin kayan aikinku rayuwa ko kusan, karanta takardar kiɗa, kiɗa guitar, da kuma ƙarin abubuwan da baku tsammanin zaku iya yi akan GNU / Linux.

Kafin mu sauka ga shirye-shiryen, zamu ga yadda zamu iya haɗa guitar, bass ko kowane kayan kirtani na lantarki zuwa PC ɗinmu tare da GNU / Linux (don iya rikodin shi), gaskiyar da ke da mahimmanci don iya amfani da kowane ɗayan shirye-shiryen da za mu bincika a ƙasa.

Kullum zaka iya rikodin guitar ta haɗa a makirufo akan shigarwar PC ɗin sadaukarwa, amma masu kyau mics sune tsada sosai. Abin da ya sa zan bayyana hanya mafi arha don haɗa guitar, bass ko kayan kirtani da kuke so zuwa PC ba tare da kashe sama da € 5 ba.

Don wannan zamu buƙaci a dual sitiriyo na USB, que za mu iya samun kan ebay daga € 1 da a 3mm Jack zuwa adaftan Jack (Har ila yau a kan ebay daga € 1), wanda za'a yi amfani dashi don haɗawa da kebul na odiyo biyu zuwa fitowar mai kara ko kai tsaye zuwa shigar da guitar. Babban ra'ayi shine a sami kebul wanda zamu iya haɗuwa da PC (a shigar da layi-In) a ɗaya ƙarshen, kuma zuwa guitar a ɗayan, ta amfani da adaftan.

Da zarar mun haɗa kayan aikin mu da PC, zai zama da amfani sosai mu iya saurari kayan aikin ta hanyar lasifika ko belun kunne rayu kamar yadda muke wasa da shi. Don yin wannan muna aiwatar da umarni mai zuwa a cikin tashar:

pacat -r –latency-msec = 1 -d alsa_input.pci-0000_00_1b.0.analog-sitiriyo | pacat -p –latency-msec = 1 -d alsa_output.pci-0000_00_1b.0.analog-sitiriyo

Idan muna son dakatar da aiwatar da aikin da aka fara ta wannan umarnin na ƙarshe, kawai dole ne mu danna Ctrl + C. Hakanan, idan muna so cewa babban aikin tashar ba ya zuwa jihar da aka katange, wato, idan muka so mu ci gaba da amfani da wannan tashar kuma a lokaci guda aikin da ya gabata yana ci gaba tare da aiwatar da shi a bango, kawai za mu aiwatar da umarni ɗaya amma tare da "&" a ƙarshen. Ta hanya mai zuwa:

pacat -r –latency-msec = 1 -d alsa_input.pci-0000_00_1b.0.analog-sitiriyo | pacat -p –latency-msec = 1 -d alsa_output.pci-0000_00_1b.0.analog-sitiriyo &

NOTE: Duk layukan suna bangare guda na umarni daya.

Da zarar mun daidaita PC ɗinmu kamar yana kara ƙarfi ne, za mu iya amfani da shirye-shiryen da muke gani a ƙasa.

gtkGuiTune

GtkGuiTune screenshot

 

Kamar yadda sunan sa ya nuna, GTKGUITUNE shine mai gyara guitar guitar, kodayake shi ma yana aiki a gare shi karkashin. CDon shigarwa GTKGUITUNE zamu iya yi ta aiwatar da umarni mai zuwa a cikin tashar:

sudo apt-samun shigar gtkguitune

Guitar pro

Guitar Pro Kama

Guitar Pro ne mai edita ci guitar. Tare da Guitar Pro za mu iya koyon kunna guitar ta hanzari da sauri, tunda za mu iya ga ci na waƙar da muke so yayin da muke sauraron waƙar, ban da jerin zane akan yadda ake yin wakoki.

Dukda cewa ba kyauta baneGodiya ga buƙatar masu amfani da GNU / Linux, musamman Ubuntu, Guitar Pro yanzu yana da sigar gwaji don GNU / Linux me za mu iya zazzagewa a nan (kuma sigar da aka biya wacce zamu iya siyan bayan mun sauke sigar gwaji). Kodayake tabbataccen bangare shine cewa kamar yadda suke faɗi akan gidan yanar gizon su, sigar gwajin ba'a iyakance ta lokaci ba amma aiki.

Don shigar da shi, dole ne mu shigar da hanyar haɗin da na samar a baya kuma bayan shigar da imel ɗinmu, danna maɓallin saukarwa. Sannan za mu karɓi imel tare da hanyar haɗi wanda zai kai mu zuwa shafin da za mu sauke shirin. Kamar yadda muke gani, zamu zazzage kunshin .deb wanda, da zarar mun sauke, zamu iya girka shi tare da umarnin:

sudo dpkg -i kunshin_name.deb

Guitar Tux

Tux Gitar screenshot

Tux Guitar shine madadin kyauta zuwa Guitar Pro. Tare da Tita Guitar zaka iya koyon kunna guitar ko kuma koyon kunna sabbin wakoki ta hanyar tsarin maki da tablatures wadanda zaka iya gani a hakikanin lokaci, yayin sauraron wakar. Ku zo, daidai yake da Guitar Pro.

Bugu da kari, Tux Guitar yana tallafawa tsarin fayil na ikon tab, Guitar Proda kuma Guitar Tux. Yana da ikon shigo da fayilolin MIDI da fitarwa a cikin MIDI, PDF, da ASCII.

Kamar GTKGUITUNE, ana samun Tux Guitar a cikin maɓallan Ubuntu, don haka za mu iya shigarwa tare da umarnin:

sudo dace-samun shigar tuxguitar

Audacity

Hoton Audacity

Audacity yana ɗayan manyan shirye-shirye don rikodin multitrack, GPL lasisi. Tare da Audacity zaka sami damar yin rikodin shigar da sauti kuma ka shiga waƙoƙi da yawa don ƙirƙirar waƙar ka, da kuma iya shigo da fayilolin mai jiwuwa (.mp3, .midi da .raw). Hakanan zaka iya ƙara tasiri zuwa waƙoƙin da muka ɗauka ko muka shigo da su.

Don shigar da Audacity zaka iya yin shi tare da umarnin:

sudo dace-samun shigar audacity

hydrogen

Kamawar Hydrogen

Tare da wannan shirin zaku sami damar tsara abubuwanku mallaka layin ganga mai kama da juna. Hydrogen yana da nau'ikan ganguna iri daban-daban na duk nau'ikan kiɗa waɗanda zaku iya zazzagewa da shigo dasu daga aikace-aikace ɗaya.

A cikin Hydrogen zaku sami hanyoyi biyu na aiki. Yanayin tsari (juna), ko yanayi song (waƙa) Tare da na farko zaka iya shiryawa da kunna alamun wasan da kake bugawa wanda zaka iya ƙarawa zuwa jerin lokutan waƙar. Ta wani bangaren kuma, tare da yanayin waka (waka) zaka sami damar hayayyafa cikin layi kai tsaye dukkan alamu da ka kara a wa'adin da aka fada, ma'ana, don sake fitar da wakar da kayi ta kirkira bisa tsari.

Za mu iya shigar da shi tare da:

sudo dace-samun shigar hydrogen

Muse

Kama Musa

Muse ne mai daukar sauti 100% Software na kyauta wanda shima yana bamu damar yi rikodi da shirya sauti akan waƙoƙi da yawa. Babban zaɓi ne na shirye-shirye iri na DAW (Digital Audio Workstation) kamar Cubase, FL Studio ko ProTools.

Wasu daga cikin mahimman fasalulluka sune:

  • Audio da MIDI suna tallafawa
  • Kammala tsarin sarrafa kansa don sauti da MIDI
  • Taimako don fayilolin ma'anar kayan aikin MIDI (.idf)
  • Gajerun hanyoyin keyboard
  • Tallafi don abubuwan "Jawo da Saukewa"
  • Sadaukar editocin MIDI
  • Gyara lokaci
  • Adadin edita mara adadi da gyara / sake redo
  • LASH ta kunna
  • XML-tushen aikin da sanyi fayiloli

Kuna iya shigar da Muse kamar sauran shirye-shiryen tare da:

sudo dace-samu kafa

Kamar yadda muka gani a cikin wannan sakon, GNU / Linux shima cikakken tsari ne dangane da gyaran kida da rikodi. Kodayake a zahiri akwai wasu shirye-shirye da yawa waɗanda aka keɓe don editaccen sauti, rakodi da jerin abubuwa. Muna fatan cewa idan kai mawaƙi ne kuma kana amfani da GNU / Linux, wannan rubutun ya taimaka maka.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.

  1.   Matias Albamonte m

    kyau sosai post
    Ta yaya zan girka MUSE?
    Ugsununi

    1.    Miquel Perez ne adam wata m

      Ina kwana Matías. Ya faru da ni in rubuta shi a cikin gidan. Yanzu kun saba. MusE ta tsohuwa ce a cikin wuraren ajiya na Ubuntu don haka zaka iya girka ta daga Cibiyar Software ko daga tashar tare da umarnin: sudo apt-get install muse.

      Na gode.

  2.   Nicolas Contigliani m

    Eugenio Gabriel Jimenez duba idan yana aiki

  3.   Andres Gutierrez Ortiz m

    Andersson Kaiser na iya baka sha'awa

  4.   zytumj m

    Hakanan akwai Mixxxx (Ba na tuna daidai adadin X ɗin da suke)
    Asali kuma kamar yadda za'a iya fitar dashi daga sunan, yana baka damar ƙirƙirar kayan haɗin tebur na DJ.
    Manyan waƙoƙi biyu da ƙari da yawa don tasiri ko samfura

    1.    zytumj m

      «» RASHI »» la'ananne lalatattu

  5.   Yowel m

    Metronome ... mahimmanci ga mawaƙa ... a ƙalla a gare ni ... hehe
    https://sourceforge.net/projects/ktronome/

  6.   jvsanchis1 m

    Barka dai Miquel. Ya ɗan ɗan lokaci tun lokacin da kuka buga babban matsayi amma ina buƙatar taimako idan za ku iya. Na sauke nau'ikan gwaji na GP6 amma ba zan iya shigar da shi ba. A kan dash akwai alamarsa, guitar guitar, amma baya farawa. A cikin tashar an faɗi wani abu kamar "kuskuren sarrafa i386 abubuwan dogaro da gazawa". Godiya

  7.   Jorge m

    Ardor wani babban madadin ne don rikodin multitrack da ƙara fulogi zuwa kowane waƙa. Tana cikin rukunin ubuntu. https://ardour.org/

  8.   Dwmaquero m

    Shin Muse yana da mahimmanci ga Garageband? dole ne ku kasance da gaske gaskiya?
    Babu ma kayan kida a matakin garageband Jump Packs, lokacin da akwai kayan Sf2 na wannan ingancin sanar dani, kuma musamman idan Pulse yayi aiki cikin jituwa da Jackd

    1.    Labaran m

      Na yi nadama ga Miquel, amma kuna da gaskiya. Da kaina, na yanke shawara cewa yawancin masu amfani da Linux suna magana akan GarageBand kamar dai kawai sun ganta a cikin hotunan kariyar kwamfuta. Abubuwan kamawa suna kama da juna, dole ne su zama iri ɗaya. Sauti (sf2) Ina wahalar da kaina, kuma in faɗi gaskiya, Na gwammace in yi amfani da GarageBand akan iPad fiye da amfani da babbar manhaja wacce take wadatar Linux. Na zazzage gpx daga mawaƙa, na tura su zuwa .mid tare da Tux Guitar, canja wurin su zuwa iPad kuma, idan ya cancanta, canza kayan aiki kuma komai yana daidai.

      Kuma daidai yake da na ƙarshe: sabobin odiyo da tuni a cikin 2021 har yanzu basu daidaita ba. Yawancin shirye-shirye, kun sanya su don ainihin sautin (raƙuman ruwa) yayi sauti kuma midi ba yayi sauti ba. A cikin wasu dole ne ku yi doguwar tafiya ta hanyar daidaitawa don haka ba shine shirin shiru ba. Kuma ba wannan kawai ba, cewa don shirye-shiryen Linux da yawa don yin rikodin da kyau ku ma dole ne ku sami ranku, ba shi da kyau sosai tun daga farko.

      Ni mai amfani da Linux ne tun 2006, A koyaushe na faɗi hakan kuma koyaushe zan faɗi shi: shi ne mafi kyau a matakin mai amfani, amma Windows tana gaba dangane da yawan software kuma macOS tana cikin software (ƙasa da Windows) kuma a cikin abubuwa da yawa kamar gyaran multimedia.

      A gaisuwa.

      1.    Michael m

        Barka dai, Ni ne asalin mawallafin gidan kuma kodayake ban dade da rubuta Ubunlog ba, ina so in amsa.

        Ina tsammanin kuna tayar da bahasin ƙarya ne inda babu. Lokacin magana game da madadin a cikin gidan, babu maganar maye gurbin ko yunƙurin yin kwatancen tsakanin su biyun. Zaɓuɓɓuka da yawa (ko madadin) ana gabatar dasu kawai ga waɗanda suke amfani da Linux kai tsaye kuma basu da Mac ko Garageband.

        Yi haƙuri don ban bayyana ba a cikin labarin. Duk mafi kyau.

        1.    Labaran m

          Barka dai. Na fahimci wannan batun, amma ni, azaman wanda ya yi amfani da shi (kuma har yanzu yana amfani da shi), ba zan yi magana game da shirin kawai ba. Zan iya faɗi abin da na rubuta a wani labarin, cewa kuna buƙatar shirye-shirye da yawa, kuma har yanzu yana da nisa. Zan iya faɗi haka kuma in faɗi haka tare da LibreOffice: Ina amfani da shi don kaina, amma idan ina buƙatar daidaituwa kuma in tabbata 100% cewa ba za a sami matsala ba lokacin da na raba shi, dole ne ku yi amfani da MS Office. A zahiri, idan masu haɗin gwiwar sun neme ku wani rubutu, za ku tabbatar cewa sun nemi takaddar Kalma kuma ba ku amfani da LibreOffice. A wannan yanayin, Ina ba da shawara ta amfani da edita a office.com, wanda kuma kyauta ne. Zan ambaci LibreOffice, amma faɗakar da cewa lokacin da suka buɗe shi a cikin MS Office yana iya fitowa daban.

          Wato, a game da GarageBand zan yi tsokaci game da madadin, wanda a gare ni ya zama shirye-shirye da yawa, kuma kuma ba za a sami irin wannan sakamakon ba. Misali, a game da MuSe, hanyar da zan bi da ita zai zama ya zama madadin wani ɓangaren da ke haɗo midi da sauti (raƙuman ruwa), amma cewa ya fi sauƙi kuma ba ya sauti iri ɗaya. Kuma don gyara cikin sauri da sauƙi na kayan kidan ganga, zai dace da amfani da Hydrogen. Ina jin kamar in kwatanta Kate da Kalma: dukansu suna da kyau don rubutu, amma ɗayan rubutu ne bayyananne kuma a cikin Kalma za ku iya sanya rubutu daban-daban, maki, lambobi, ƙarfin hali, rubutu ...

          Amma haka nake. Idan muka ci gaba da kiɗan, zan ba da shawarar Tux Guitar a matsayin madadin Guitar Pro, amma zan yi magana game da mai kyau, cewa yana da kyauta, da kuma mara kyau, yana da kayan aiki kaɗan kuma sautin yana da ban dariya a ciki kwatanta. Idan zaku yi hakan tare da shirye-shiryen da suka yi kama da juna, kuyi tunani tare da waɗannan.

          Na taƙaita ma'ana: Ba na cewa "madadin Photoshop = GIMP"; Na fi na "GIMP, amma Photoshop yana da kayan aiki na musamman, kamar tsarin lokaci wanda zaku iya ƙirƙirar GIF mai ban sha'awa." Lokacin da kawai muka ce "GIMP", wani ya zo, ya faɗi hakan a gare mu kuma daidai ne.

          A gaisuwa.

        2.    Dwmaquero m

          Na yarda da ku gaba ɗaya, a zahiri idan LMMS ya gyara ƴan matsalolin da yake da shi tare da midi, kuma ya aiwatar da ingantaccen mai duba maki wanda aka haɗa a ciki (kamar Denemo ko MuseScore) zai zama mafi kyawun jerin midi don GNU/Linux
          A gefe guda kuma, za a buƙaci fakitin Sf2 mai kyau wanda ba ya yi kama da mataccen cat (Ina ganin yana da rikitarwa) wanda ba ya ɗaukar 1,5GB, wanda ke da kisa don loda shi cikin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya.