Haɓakawa ga ƙirar APT da aka sanar a cikin Debian 13 da Ubuntu 24.10

Manajan fakitin APT yana da sabon dubawa

Kodayake ba a buga nau'ikan farko na shekara na manyan rarraba ba tukuna, mun riga mun san irin labaran da za mu iya tsammanin ƙarshen shekara. Social networks yanzu ya sanar da haɓakawa ga ƙirar APT a cikin Debian 13 da Ubuntu 24.10.

APT gagara ce ga Babban Kunshin Tool. Wannan shine kayan aikin da ake amfani da su a tsarin tushen Debian don sarrafa fakitin software.. Shi ne wanda ke da alaƙa da aikin shigarwa, sabuntawa, da cire shirye-shirye. Bugu da kari, yana sarrafa sarrafa abin dogaro da sarrafa nau'ikan shirye-shiryen da aka shigar.

Daga cikin ayyukan APT akwai:

  • Sauƙin Shigar Software: Ka guji yin bincike da hannu da shigar da abin dogaro da kuma faɗakar da kai lokacin da babu su.
  • Sabunta software ta atomatik: Yana sabunta duk shirye-shiryen da aka shigar zuwa sabon sigar da ake samu a cikin ma'ajiya ba tare da mai amfani ya jira fitowar su ba.
  • Cire Software: APT ta ba da rahoton kasancewar fakitin da ba dole ba kuma yana ba ku damar cire aikace-aikacen ba tare da shafar sauran tsarin ba
  • Binciken fakiti:  Manajan kunshin yana ba ku damar bincika ma'ajiyar don takamaiman aikace-aikacen.
  • Gudanar da wuraren ajiya: APT tana da wurin yin rajista na nau'ikan ma'ajin ajiya daban-daban, yana ba mu damar ƙara wasu hanyoyin da share waɗanda ba mu buƙata.

Sun sanar da ingantawa ga tsarin APT. Wadannan su ne

Abubuwan ingantawa sun kasance sanar Injiniyan Canonical kuma mai haɓaka APT Julian Andrés Klode akan asusun Linkedin kuma Za mu iya gwada su nan ba da jimawa ba a cikin Debian Unstable kuma a cikin rarrabawa bisa shi kamar Ubuntu 24.10. Ga wadanda suka fi son sigar Debian mai tsayi, na farko da zai samu shine sigar 13 Trixie wanda zai zo a tsakiyar shekara mai zuwa.

Daga cikin gyare-gyaren da za mu gani a cikin mai amfani da APT 3.0 shine wakilci ta amfani da ginshiƙai wanda ke sa neman sunayen fakiti cikin sauri. Bugu da ƙari, launuka kamar ja don abin da za a goge da kore don wasu canje-canje yanzu ana amfani da su, yana sauƙaƙa gano umarni cikin sauri.

Sandunan ci gaba sun fi ruwa ruwa tunda ana wakilta su da tubalan Unicode kuma, an ba da dama ga mahimman bayanai kan yawan bayanai don samun damar samun damar su cikin sauƙi.

Julian da kansa ya bayyana wasu fa'idodi na sabon zane

Idan kun taɓa shigar da kernels da yawa akan tsarin Debian ko Ubuntu, ko fakiti da yawa kuma kun ƙare sarari, APT [3.0] zai nuna muku yawan sarari da kuke da shi, kuma zai faɗakar da ku idan za ku iya. wuce wannan sarari, kuma la'akari da raba / boot partitions.

Ya kamata a lura cewa APT kawai tana hulɗa da fakitin tsarin DEB tun lokacin Snap, Flatpak da tsarin tsarin Appimage suna amfani da manajojin fakiti daban-daban. Cibiyar Software ta GNOME, Cibiyar Software ta Ubuntu ko Discover musaya ne na hoto wanda ke aiki tare da manajojin fakiti daban-daban.

Mafi yawan umarnin APT

Idan muna son a sabunta jerin shirye-shirye da sigogin, muna amfani da umarnin:
sudo apt update
Don sabunta fakitin da aka shigar zuwa sabbin nau'ikan da ake samu a ma'ajiyar, za mu iya amfani da umarnin:
sudo apt upgrade
Idan abin da muke so shine shigar da takamaiman kunshin daga waɗanda ke akwai a cikin ma'ajiyar, dole ne mu rubuta umarni mai zuwa a cikin tashar:
sudo apt install nombre_del_paquete
Don nemo takamaiman kunshin tsakanin duk ma'ajiyar za mu yi shi tare da umarni:
apt search nombre_del_paquete.
Idan muna son share fakitin da mu ko tsarin ba ya buƙata, kawai mu ba da umarni mai zuwa a cikin tashar.
sudo apt remove nombre_del_paquete
Don cire fakiti ta atomatik waɗanda ba mu buƙata daga tsarin, za mu iya rubuta:
sudo apt autoremove

Ko da yake yin amfani da na'ura mai hoto kamar waɗanda Cibiyar Software ta Ubuntu ta samar da alama yana da sauƙi a kallon farko, lokacin da kuka saba da tashar za ku zama abin sha'awa. Don haka, waɗannan haɓakawa ga ƙirar APT ɗin ba shakka za a yaba da babban ɓangaren masu amfani da Ubuntu da Debian.


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