Yadda ake haɓaka Ubuntu zuwa Ubuntu 18.04

Bionic Beaver, sabon mascot na Ubuntu 18.04

Nan da ‘yan awowi za a fitar da sabon sigar Ubuntu, shahararren Ubuntu Bionic Beaver ko kuma ana kiransa Ubuntu 18.04. Wannan sigar zata kasance sigar LTS wanda ke nufin cewa yawancin masu amfani zasu iya haɓaka tsarin aikin su zuwa sigar Taimako na Dogo; sauran masu amfani za su sabunta tsarin aikin su a cikin shekaru biyu kuma har yanzu wasu za su sami sabuwar dama don sabunta tsarin aikin su zuwa fasalin kwanan nan kuma tare da sababbin sifofin sabbin mashahuri Shirye-shiryen Software da kayan aikin.

Nan gaba zamu fada muku abin da za a yi don haɓaka zuwa Ubuntu 18.04 daga yanayi daban-daban. Yanayi daban-daban waɗanda masu amfani da Ubuntu zasu sami kansu: daga mai amfani wanda bai sabunta sigar ba har tsawon shekaru ga mai amfani wanda ke da rigimar Ubuntu 17.10 har zuwa ga masu amfani waɗanda kawai ke amfani da Ubuntu LTS akan kwamfutocin su.

Haɓakawa daga Ubuntu 16.04 zuwa Ubuntu 18.04

Ubuntu 16.04

Idan muna da sabon salo na Ubuntu LTS, wannan shine Ubuntu 16.04.4, kawai dole ne mu aiwatar da umarni don fara aikin. Wannan saboda saboda a cikin daidaitawar Ubuntu LTS umarni don sabuntawa daga Ubuntu LTS zuwa Ubuntu LTS ta tsohuwa ce, yana barin sigogin da ba Dogaro ba ne. Don haka, muna buɗe tashar kuma rubuta abubuwa masu zuwa:

sudo do-release-upgrade -d

Bayan haka, sabunta maye zai fara wanda zai kasance a duk lokacin da muka canza sigar kuma hakan zai taimaka mana sabunta fasalin mu na Ubuntu.

Haɓakawa daga Ubuntu 17.10 zuwa Ubuntu 18.04

Ubuntu 17.10

Idan muna da Ubuntu 17.10, yanayin yana kama da mahallin da ya gabata, amma kawai idan dai, zamu tafi Software da Sabuntawa kuma a shafi na biyu zamu nuna cewa yayi gargaɗi tare da Dogon Tallafi ko sabunta LTS. Muna amfani da canje-canje kuma buɗe tashar. A yadda aka saba ya kamata ka tsallake mayen sabuntawa a wannan matakin, amma ga wasu masu amfani wannan ba zai faru ba ko kuma zai ɗauki lokaci kafin hakan ya faru, don haka dole ne mu buɗe tashar don aiwatar da wannan umarnin:

sudo do-release-upgrade -d

Bayan haka mahimmin sabuntawa zuwa Ubuntu 18.04 zai sake buɗewa, wanda zai jagorantar mu cikin aikin.

Tafiya daga tsohuwar Ubuntu zuwa Ubuntu 18.04

Ubuntu 14.10 Uicic Unicorn

Haɓakawa daga tsohuwar sigar Ubuntu zuwa Ubuntu Bionic Beaver ya fi wahala ko kuma wahalar aiwatarwa. Da farko ya kamata mu je shafin Ubuntu na hukuma kuma duba idan kwamfutarmu ta cika buƙatun Hardware. Daga wannan sigar zuwa wani na Ubuntu, rarraba yawanci ba ya canza ƙayyadaddun bayanansa amma daga Ubuntu 5.04 zuwa Ubuntu 17.10, bukatun kayan masarufi sun canza sosai kuma kwamfutarmu na iya rashin wadatar Ubuntu 18.04 don aiki yadda yakamata. Idan muka cika sharuɗɗan dole ne mu buɗe tashar kuma rubuta abubuwa masu zuwa:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get dist-upgrade
sudo update-manager -d

Wannan zai fara maye gurbin sabuntawa, amma ga na gaba, don haka da zarar mun gama sabuntawa dole mu sake sabunta tsarin ta hanyar aiwatar da dokokin da suka gabata. Dole ne muyi haka sau da yawa kamar yadda akwai juzu'i tsakanin sigarmu ta Ubuntu da Ubuntu 18.04. Idan haɗin haɗin da mai sarrafawa suna da sauri, wannan aikin zai ɗauki awa ɗaya kawai.

Daga Ubuntu Trusty Tahr zuwa Ubuntu Bionic Beaver

Ubuntu 14.04

Haɓakawa daga Ubuntu Trusty Tahr zuwa Ubuntu Bionic Beaver yana yiwuwa kuma an ba da shawarar sosai. Tsarin yana kama da haɓakawa daga Ubuntu 16.04 kamar yadda duk nau'ikan uku sune Ubuntu LTS. Amma a wannan yanayin dole ne mu kalli dacewa da kayan aikin. Idan Ubuntu 14.04 na aiki daidai, zai fi kyau haɓaka zuwa dandano mai sauƙi na nauyi kamar Lubuntu 18.04. Idan Ubuntu yayi aiki sosai, to dole ne mu bi matakan da suka gabata, don wannan muna buɗe tashar kuma rubuta abubuwa masu zuwa:

sudo do-release-upgrade -d

Bayan kammala sabunta Ubuntu, dole ne mu kalli sigar da aka sabunta tsarin aikin mu kuma maimaita aikin da ya gabata har sai mun isa Ubuntu 18.04, sabon salo. Abu mai kyau game da waɗannan sigar shine kawai zamuyi sau biyu saboda tsakanin Ubuntu Trusty Tahr da Ubuntu Bionic Beaver akwai sigar Ubuntu LTS guda ɗaya tak..

Haɓaka Debian / Fedora / OpenSUSE zuwa Ubuntu 18.04

Debian da Ubuntu

Yawancin masu amfani za su yi mamakin wannan rubutun amma gaskiyar ita ce, don nau'ikan da yawa Ubuntu yana ba da izinin sabuntawa na kowane rarraba Gnu / Linux zuwa Ubuntu ko kuma hakan ya sauƙaƙe canjin rarrabawa. Don wannan kawai dole ne mu sauke hoton iso na Ubuntu 18.04. Da zarar mun sami shi zamu fara shi kuma zamu fara aikin shigarwa amma a nau'in shigarwa mun zaɓi zaɓi "Sauya (sunan rarrabawa) ta Ubuntu". Wannan zai kiyaye bayanan Gidan mu lafiya amma manyan fayiloli daga rarraba za'a maye gurbinsu da fayilolin Ubuntu 18.04.

Wannan aikin yana da rikici kuma yana da haɗari saboda haka ba sanannen abu bane kuma sakamakon da aka samu ya munana fiye da idan muka share rumbun kwamfutarka kuma muka sake shigar da Ubuntu. Amma yana da ƙarin zaɓi ɗaya don sabunta kwamfutarmu zuwa Ubuntu 18.04

Yadda ake sabunta kowane dandano na Ubuntu a sabon sigar

Ci gaban dandano na hukuma ya bambanta da babban sigar Ubuntu wanda ke sa yawancin masu amfani jinkirin karɓar Ubuntu 18.04. Ana amfani da kowane ɗayan umarni da siffofin da suka gabata don sabunta dandano na aikinmu amma akwai zaɓi na biyu kuma shiga cikin sabuntawa zuwa Ubuntu 18.04 kuma bayan haka canza tebur. Don haka, dole ne mu buɗe m kuma rubuta abubuwa masu zuwa:

sudo apt-get install  kubuntu-desktop //Para tener Kubuntu

sudo apt-get install lubuntu-desktop    // Para tener Lubuntu

sudo apt-get install xubuntu-desktop   // Para tener Xubuntu

sudo apt-get install mate-desktop       // Para tener Ubuntu MATE

sudo apt-get install budgie-desktop    //Para tener Ubuntu Budgie

Wannan zai sa Ubuntu ta canza tebur da kuma wasu abubuwan daidaitawa waɗanda ke da dandano na hukuma da kuma cewa babban fasalin Ubuntu bashi da shi. ido! A cikin dandano mai haske na hukuma, ba a cire shirye-shiryen Gnome masu nauyi na Ubuntu amma suna kan kwamfutar a matsayin kawai wani shiri.

Kuma yanzu haka?

Tsarin sabuntawar Ubuntu ya inganta sosai a cikin 'yan shekarun nan. Arearshen waɗannan shekarun ne inda sabuntawa kamar Ubuntu 6.06 zai iya share duk bayanan kan kwamfutar mu, wannan shine tarihi. Mun ba ku umarnin don sabuntawa zuwa Ubuntu 18.04 kuma yanzu kawai ku jira sabon fitowar Ubuntu don fito da abubuwan da suka dace. Idan har yanzu ba mu amince da sabon sigar da yawa ba, wani abu mai ma'ana bayan rikice-rikicen Ubuntu 17.10, yana da kyau a jira aƙalla makonni biyu don gano yiwuwar kwari da sigar ta ƙunsa, kodayake ni da kaina ban tsammanin akwai wani kuskure ko matsala.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

18 comments, bar naka

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  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.

  1.   Cesar Pons Martin m

    A PC dina ina da bangare tare da Ubuntu wani kuma da Windows. Tambayata ita ce, idan sabunta Ubuntu zai iya shafar bangarewar Windows? Godiya

    1.    Joaquin Garcia m

      Sannu mai kyau. Babu matsala a wannan batun. Wannan shine, samun Ubuntu, duk wani sabuntawa bazai share ɓangaren Windows ba, ko wani bangare. Na gode sosai da karanta mu.

    2.    Marko mera m

      babu aboki babu matsala tunda an sabunta shi kuma an kirkiri wani sabon burodi yana kiyaye ubuntu da windows10

  2.   Jorge Ariel Utello m

    A ƙarshe!

  3.   Andres Rivera ne adam wata m

    Kuma kun daidaita canjin tare da direbobin Nvidia?

  4.   Baka Andres m

    Kirista Campodónico

  5.   Stephen Jaramillo m

    Barka dai, ina da matsala. Lokacin da nake sabuntawa daga 16.04 zuwa 18.04, nayi shi kamar yadda aka ba da shawara a cikin wannan sakon, an rufe tashar ba zato ba tsammani, kuma lokacin da na sake gwadawa sai ta gaya mani cewa an riga an shigar da sabon sigar, amma bai gama daidaitawa da kyau ba, yaya zan yi? warware? Godiya

  6.   bleriot m

    Na gode,

    Ina da Ubuntu "daidaitacce" (babu dandano na musamman) 17.10 an sabunta shi zuwa sabuwar.

    Kamar yadda na gwada mafita daban-daban, a koyaushe yana ƙarewa yana cewa "tsarin ya dace da zamani" kuma baya bani tsalle zuwa 18.04.

    Kamar yadda nace, Na gwada sudo do-release-upgrade -de koda tare da sudo apt dist-upgrade (wanda aka bada shawarar samfuran kafin 17.10). Kafin yin wannan, daga manajan sabuntawa na zaɓa, kamar yadda kuke nunawa, don bincika sababbin sifofin LTS. Na kuma yi ƙoƙari don canza sabar wanda aka saukar da sabuntawa daga na gida (Spain) zuwa babba. Hakan ma baya tafiya haka.

    Nace: duk abin da nayi shine da aminci na bi matakan da kuke nunawa a shafin, koyaushe samun saƙo cewa tsarin an riga an sabunta shi.

    Shin kuna da wata ma'ana me yasa hakan na iya faruwa? Shin kun san wasu shari'oin kuma?

    Na gode sosai.

    Pep.

    1.    remba m

      gwada barin sarari a -d

  7.   Shara m

    Na inganta daga Ubuntu 16.04 zuwa 18.04 tare da tashar kuma komai yayi daidai. Game da na baya kuma duk da canji zuwa tebur na Gnome, yanayin gani ya kasance iri ɗaya. Abinda na lura shine yana daukar kusan ninki biyu daga lokacin da na kunna kwamfutar har sai ta shirya don amfani. Tare da shirye-shiryen ba matsala, suna buɗe kamar yadda ya gabata, ba tare da wani bata lokaci ba (kwamfutata tana da gigabytes 4 na RAM)

  8.   remba m

    Sudo do-release-upgrade -d

  9.   shazada m

    Zaɓinku don "Haɓaka Debian / Fedora / OpenSUSE zuwa Ubuntu 18.04" ba shine kuke nufi ba.
    Yana baka dama lokacin da ya ga kana da wani abin da ya girka kuma abin da yake yi shi ne cire waccan harka sannan ka sanya Ubuntu a wurinsa.
    Kuma a, zaku iya maye gurbin duk wani ɓarnar da wani ba tare da rasa fayilolin ba, matuƙar kuna da wani bangare wanda aka keɓe don bayanan sirri.
    Idan zaku maye gurbin distro, a koyaushe yana da kyau ku tsara tsarin bangare na gida, wannan don tsoffin fayilolin sanyi kada su sami matsala tare da sababbi.

  10.   Elith Escorcia ta m

    Ya ku masoyana da aka sabunta jiya kuma na aiwatar da dukkan ayyukan su ba tare da matsala ba, ya bukace ni da in sake kunnawa lokacin da nayi shi, kayan aikin suna ta lodi suna daskarewa wanda hakan ba zai bani damar amfani da linzamin kwamfuta ko wani abu ba kuma ba zan iya shiga ba tunda bai kai ga allon zaɓin mai amfani Ina da mai sarrafa 32-bit tare da 3gb rago 2.4ghz yan hudu

  11.   Ivan Castaneda m

    Na kasance ina ƙoƙarin haɓakawa daga Ubuntu 16.04 zuwa Ubuntu 18.04, amma koyaushe ya bayyana cewa akwai kuskure wajen kirga haɓaka kuma ba a cika burin ba.

  12.   Juan Perez m

    Da safe,
    Lokacin sabuntawa zuwa sabon sigar ubuntu 18.04 wasu wasanni (supertux2) basa aiki a wurina, kuma ba zan iya cire su ba.
    Wasu taimako?
    Godiya a gaba

  13.   Manuel Enriquez m

    Ina da ubntu 17.10 na girka kazam kuma ba zan iya buɗewa ba

  14.   3114 N0 M3 4M4 m

    bata kaunata me zanyi?

  15.   lu'u gol m

    Ina da Ubuntu KiLYN (yana da kyau kamar yadda aka rubuta shi a zahiri cikin Sinanci, ina matukar son shi sosai amma bisa kuskure (tare da wuin da nake da shi a cikin HDD iri daya na share shi lokacin da nake sake sanya windows don haka sai na sake sanya Ubuntu da kyau, da mafi yawan sigar da nake da ita yanzu akan CD din ta 15.04 ne kuma na gwada tsawon makwanni dan sabunta shi don gamawa, ta hanyar usb ya kona wani dvd kuma babu yadda za ayi a sabunta shi, ko zaku iya bani tip cewa idan yayi min aiki? Na kuma tafi in siyo wani DVD na yanzu, amma basa siyar dasu (wannan OS din ba cinikina bane).

    Ina tsammanin kwamfutata ba ta da USB mai kwashewa don haka ba zan iya girka ta daga USB ɗin da na yi tare da Ubuntu 18… Ban san dalilin da ya sa ba zan iya ƙona DVD da wani nau'in Ubuntu version

    Ban san abin da zan ƙirƙira don inganta rayuwar kaina ba kuma wannan sigar da nake da ita ba ta aiki da kyau (ba zato ba tsammani ya kulle kuma dole in sake farawa.

    Gracias