Njira zoyambirira ndi Ubuntu. Ndiyambira kuti?

ubuntu-15-10

Timakhazikitsa Ubuntu, timayamba kachitidwe koyamba kamodzi Kodi tsopano? Machitidwe opangira Linux ali ndi maphukusi ambiri omwe amatipatsa mwayi padziko lonse lapansi. Mbali inayi, mwina alipo Ubuntu zomwe sitifunikira. Ndiye timayambira kuti? Mu Ubunlog tikukufotokozerani, makamaka kwa ogwiritsa ntchito omwe sanakhudzepo makina opangidwa ndi gulu lazachinyengo.

Sinthani dongosolo

mapulogalamu a pulogalamu

Tikakhazikitsa dongosolo, padzakhala zosintha zaposachedwa. Nthawi zambiri, pulogalamu ya Software Update imangotseguka yokha, kutidziwitsa kuti pali mapulogalamu atsopano omwe titha kukhazikitsa. Ngati sichikutseguka zokha, zonse zomwe tiyenera kuchita ndikanikiza batani la Windows (kapena dinani chizindikiro cha Ubuntu mu Launcher) ndikuyamba kulemba mawu oti "Pezani".

Monga mukuwonera pazithunzi zam'mbuyomu, chithunzi chazoyeserera ndi bwalo pomwe pamakhala mivi iwiri yoyenda panja, yokhala ndi "A" pamtundu wakuda mkati. Ngati pali zosintha, tidzangodina "kukhazikitsa", kenako ikani mawu achinsinsi aogwiritsa ntchito ndikumenya Enter.

Sakani / Chotsani mapulogalamu

Tsopano popeza tili ndi makina osinthidwa, tiyenera kukhazikitsa fayilo ya mapulogalamu omwe timawona kuti ndiofunikira. Zowona kuti Ubuntu ili ndi mapulogalamu ambiri othandiza omwe adaikidwa, koma nthawi zonse pamakhala zina zomwe titha kuwonjezera. Mwachitsanzo, ndimagwiritsa ntchito VLC player pazida zanga zonse ndikuyiyika kuti izisewera kanema iliyonse yomwe nditha kutsitsa mtsogolo. Ntchito ina yomwe ingakhale yosangalatsa ndi Skype, imodzi mwamauthenga omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pamakompyuta. Chinachake chimene ndimachikonda chifukwa ndachigwiritsa ntchito kuyambira nthawi yoyamba yomwe ndinaika Ubuntu ndi Synaptic Package Manager, yomwe ili yofanana ndi Software Center, koma imawonetsa zambiri.

Malangizo omwe ndimapanga ndi osachita misala kwambiri. Machitidwe opangira Linux ndiosinthika kwambiri, koma mwayi womwe ungakhalenso vuto. Vuto limatha kuwoneka ngati tikhazikitsa maphukusi ambiri omwe sitigwiritsa ntchito ndipo sititsuka dongosololi bwino tikachotsa pulogalamu yayikulu, zomwe zimandibweretsa ku mfundo ina: kuchotsa mapulogalamu omwe sitigwiritse ntchito.

mapulogalamu-oikidwa

Kuti muchotse mapulogalamu omwe sitigwiritse ntchito, ingotsegulani Software Center ndikudina Kuyika. Pamenepo tidzawona mapulogalamu onse omwe tidayika olekanitsidwa ndi magulu, zomwe zimapangitsa kuti zikhale zosavuta kuti tipeze zomwe tikufuna kuchotsa. Tiyenera kungodina zomwe tikufuna kuchotsa, kumanja, dinani Yochotsa. Mwachitsanzo, Brasero Disc Burner. Chifukwa chiyani ndikufuna chimbale chojambulira pamakompyuta chomwe chilibe chojambulira?

Malangizo ena:

sudo apt-get install gimp

Izi zikhazikitsa pulogalamu yosintha zithunzi ya Gimp.

sudo apt-get install unity-tweak-tool

Izi zikhazikitsa Unity Tweak pamakina kuti musinthe ndikusintha Unity desktop.

sudo apt-get install calendar-indicator

Izi zikhazikitsa kalendala yomwe imagwirizanitsidwa ndi makalendala athu monga iCalendar.

sudo apt-get install my weather-indicator

Zomwe tafotokozazi zitiwonetsa nyengo.

Java ndi Flash (?)

Ngakhale HTML5 ikukhala yofunika kwambiri ndipo Adobe yapatsa Flash player yake yomaliza, nkuthekabe kuti muyenera kukhazikitsa Flash ndi Java kuti muzitha kuwona, mwachitsanzo, tsamba la webusayiti. Kukhazikitsa Java 8 tidzatsegula malo ndikulemba izi:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
sudo apt-get update
apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

Kuyika Flash kumadalira osatsegula. Kwa Firefox, zomwe tiyenera kuchita ndi izi:

  1. Timatsegula Mapulogalamu ndi zosintha.
  2. Timayika bokosi lomwe kumapeto kwake akuti «osiyanasiyana».
  3. Kenako timatsegula malo ndikulemba sudo apt-kukhazikitsa Flashplugin-okhazikitsa

mapulogalamu ndi zosintha

Ngati mwasankha kukhazikitsa Flash, kumbukirani kuti zolakwika zambiri zopezeka mu Linux ndizolakwa zamapulagini amtunduwu. Sindikupangira kuyika kwake.

Ikani ma codec ndi ma driver

Ngati talumikizidwa ndi intaneti, Ubuntu imatsitsa zomwe timafunikira tikazifuna. Koma, zachidziwikire, monga ndidanenera, ngati talumikizidwa ndi intaneti. Mwachitsanzo, ngati titasewera kanema yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito codec yomwe sitinayike, Ubuntu itifunsa ngati tikufuna download ndi codec kutha kusewera kanemayo, koma bwanji ngati sitili olumikizidwa? Ichi ndichifukwa chake ndikofunikira kukhazikitsa ma codecs ndi madalaivala tisanawafune.

wodziwongolera

Kuyika madalaivalawa muyenera kusaka (batani la Windows ndikusaka) Zowonjezera madalaivala. Pawindo ili tiwona mndandanda wazosankha ndipo zikuwoneka kuti tikugwiritsa ntchito driver ya generic kuti zonse zizigwira bwino ntchito pa PC yathu. Zomwe tiyenera kuchita ndikusankha dalaivala woyenera pamakompyuta athu.

zoletsa zowonjezera

Kuti tiike ma codecs, tiyenera kungotsegula Ubuntu Software Center, yang'anani phukusi Ubuntu amaletsa zowonjezera ndipo tiyeni tiyike.

Konzani zosankha zachitetezo ndichinsinsi

Kukonzekera kwamtunduwu kudakhala kofunikira pambuyo pa zachinyengo wa NSA. Ndi pomwe ogwiritsa ntchito adazindikira kuti titha kuchita zambiri kuteteza zidziwitso zathu ndipo, ngakhale Ubuntu ndi njira yotetezeka bwino, titha kukhazikitsa njira zina kuti tipeze zambiri kapena zochepa pazogwiritsa ntchito intaneti. Kukonzekera zosankha zathu zachitetezo ndichinsinsi tidzachita izi:

  1. Timachita kusaka ndikudina batani la Windows. Tiyenera kuyang'ana Chitetezo ndi Zachinsinsi.
  2. Timadina Mafayilo ndi mapulogalamu.
  3. Timachotsa mabokosi azomwe sitikufuna kugawana.

chitetezo-chinsinsi

chitetezo-chinsinsi-2

Malingaliro anu omwe ndikudziwa kuti ogwiritsa ntchito ambiri satsatira ndikuti mukonze makina osakira a DuckDuckGo mwachisawawa. Zilibe zambiri zokhudzana ndi zomwe zafotokozedwera pano, koma zimatipatsa chinsinsi kwambiri chifukwa chazomwe sizikutsata kapena kusunga zosaka zathu.

Sinthani mawonekedwe

Chotsatira chomwe tiyenera kuchita ndikusintha mawonekedwe kuti tikhale omasuka tikamagwiritsa ntchito kompyuta. Chinthu choyamba chomwe ndimachita ndikuchotsa zithunzizi pazoyambitsa zomwe sindigwiritse ntchito. Ndinasintha khalidwe la Launcher. Kuti tichite izi, timapita ku Zokonda / Maonekedwe / Khalidwe.

kusintha

Kusintha kwanga ndi komwe muli nawo pazithunzi zapitazo:

  • Malo ogwira ntchito.
  • Kumvetsetsa pang'ono.
  • Onetsani menyu pazenera.
  • Bisani zotsegulira zokha.

Tikhozanso kupita Kuwonekera ndikusintha kukula kwa Launcher, mwazinthu zina zomwe ndimasiya zikamabwera mwachisawawa.

Ikani zojambula zina

Ngati sitikukonda Umodzi, tikhozanso sungani zojambula zina. Ndiyenera kuvomereza kuti ndimazikonda kwambiri, koma pakompyuta yanga ndi yolemetsa pang'ono. Ndili ndi malo a MATE, omwe ndi GNOME yakale yogwiritsidwa ntchito ndi Ubuntu mpaka mtundu wa 11.10.

Kuyika mawonekedwe owoneka bwino ndikosavuta. Tiyenera kudziwa yomwe tikufuna ndikuyiyika kudzera pa terminal, Software Center kapena Synaptic. Kuyika chilengedwe cha MATE tiyenera kulemba izi:

sudo apt-get install mate-desktop-environment

Kuyika chilengedwe cha Cinnamon (Linux Mint) tilemba izi:

sudo apt-get install cinnamon

Ndipo pa GNOME, zotsatirazi:

sudo apt-get install gnome-shell

Nthawi zina ndimagwiritsa ntchito zojambula za MATE ndipo zimawoneka momwe mukuwonera pazithunzizi:

wokonda zachilengedwe

Onjezani maakaunti anu pa intaneti

nkhani zapaintaneti

Tonsefe tili ndi maakaunti osiyanasiyana amtundu wina wa intaneti ndipo mu Ubuntu tili ndi mwayi wowonjezera. Timapeza njirayi posaka Maakaunti Apaintaneti pazithunzi za Ubuntu kapena podina batani la Windows. Monga mukuwonera pachithunzichi, titha kusintha ma Facebook, Google, Flickr, Jabber, Yahoo!, Ma akaunti a Salut ndi AIM. Twitter ikusowa.

nkhani zapaintaneti 2

Malingaliro anu?

Ndikuganiza kuti tikadakhala kuti zonse zakonzedwa pano, koma Ubuntu itha kuwonjezera zina zambiri ndikusintha. Ngakhale sindikugwirizana ndi machitidwe ambiri, mutha kufufuza mu Software Center kuti muwone ngati mungapeze china chomwe chimakusangalatsani. Palinso gawo limodzi ndi mapulogalamu otchuka kwambiri, komwe kulinso masewera ena. Kodi mukupangira chiyani?


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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.

  1.   santiago santi anati

    Kwa chiyambi 🙂

  2.   Juan Jose Cabral anati

    kukanikiza batani la owerenga, hehe

  3.   Chithunzi cha placeholder cha Joaquin Valle Torres anati

    Zikomo kwambiri.

  4.   Wothandizira anati

    Kodi mukudziwa chifukwa chake Twitter simuli mu 'Akaunti zapaintaneti'? Moni 🙂

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