Pezani Ubuntu ndi zokoma zake zovomerezeka

maonekedwe a ubuntu

Chimodzi mwazinthu zodziwika bwino za Ubuntu ndi GNU/Linux mwachidziwikire ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya magawo omwe tili nawo. M'malo mwake, ambiri aiwo amachokera ku distro yotchuka kwambiri, monga momwe zilili ndi Ubuntu ndi omwe amawadziwa. oonetsera ovomerezeka.

Pali a mitundu yosiyanasiyana yogawa kutengera Ubuntu amene, monga tanena, amatchedwa oonetsera ovomerezeka. Kuchokera ku distros okhala ndi ma desktops osinthika kwambiri, monga Kubuntu, kupita ku distros omwe amangofuna kugwiritsa ntchito zinthu zochepa ndikugwira ntchito mopepuka pa PC yathu, monga momwe zimakhalira ndi Lubuntu. Ku Ubunlog tikufuna kuunikanso zokometsera zonse za Ubuntu ndikufotokozera momwe tingazipezere.

Monga mukuwonera, mawonekedwe amtundu uliwonse amasiyana malinga ndi mawonekedwe a makinawo komanso wogwiritsa ntchito yemwe adzagwiritse ntchito kugawa. Muzowunika zonse zazing'ono zomwe tidzapanga distro iliyonse, tikambirana momwe tingatsitse komanso komwe tingatsitse zithunzi za ISO za chilichonse.

Kotero ngati simukudziwa momwe mungawotchere fano ku chipangizo chosungirako, mukhoza kuyang'ana izi zomwe tidalemba masabata angapo apitawa momwe tidafotokozera momwe tingachitire mu Ubuntu. Tidayamba.

Choyamba, tiyenera kulankhula pang'ono za Ubuntu. Pamenepo, Ubuntu ndiye maziko, koma imaperekanso dzina lake ku kukoma kwakukulu, pakadali pano ndi malo ojambulira a GNOME. Itha kupezeka patsamba lovomerezeka, kapena podina Apa.

Kubuntu

Kubuntu

Ngakhale Ubuntu wokhala ndi GNOME ndi amodzi mwa distros odziwika bwino komanso osinthika, Kubuntu, kukoma komwe kumagwiritsa ntchito KDE Plasma monga malo ake ojambulira, sikuli kumbuyo. Kugawa kumeneku kulinso ndi kamangidwe kake kake komanso kumapangidwira mwamakonda kwambiri.

Ngati mukufuna kukhazikitsa kukoma uku pa PC yanu mutha kutsitsa chithunzi chake cha ISO kuchokera Apa. Kapena ngati muli ndi Ubuntu kale, mutha kukhazikitsa Kubuntu poyendetsa lamulo ili:

sudo apt install kubuntu-desktop

Komanso, ngati mukufuna kuchotsa ma phukusi a Ubuntu omwe sangakhale ofunikira, mutha kutero:

sudo apt-get purge ubuntu-default-settings
sudo apt-get purge ubuntu-desktop
sudo apt-get autoremove

Lubuntu

Lubuntu

Ngati PC yanu ndi yakale kapena ilibe mawonekedwe abwino, Lubuntu ndiye yankho lanu. Kukoma kovomerezeka kumeneku kumangogwiritsidwa ntchito mopepuka komanso kumawononga zinthu zochepa. Zonse chifukwa cha kuwala komwe imagwiritsa ntchito ndi kompyuta yake ya LXQt.

Kukoma kovomerezeka kumeneku kumatha kuyenda bwino pamakina omwe ali pansi pa 4GB ya RAM. Chifukwa chake ngati mukufuna pulogalamu yopepuka ya PC yanu yomwe ilibe zinthu zambiri, kapena mukungofuna kuyesa kapangidwe kake kakununkhira kovomerezeka kumeneku, mutha kutsitsa Lubuntu. Apa.

Ngati muli ndi vuto lililonse la Ubuntu, mutha kukhazikitsa Lubuntu mwachindunji kuchokera ku terminal mwa kukhazikitsa phukusi lofanana la Lubuntu. Kuti muchite izi, yesani lamulo ili:

sudo apt install lubuntu-desktop

Xubuntu

Xubuntu

Xubuntu ndiye kukoma kovomerezeka kwa Ubuntu pogwiritsa ntchito Xfce ngati malo ake apakompyuta, omwe, monga LXQt, ndi malo opepuka kwambiri. Xubuntu ndi malo okongola, osavuta kugwiritsa ntchito komanso osinthika kwambiri. Ndiko kugawa kwabwino kwa iwo omwe akufuna kuti apindule kwambiri ndi ma desktops awo ndi a kuyang'ana zamakono komanso zofunikira kuti mukhale ndi ntchito yabwino kwambiri.

Kuti mupeze Xubuntu, mutha kutero kugwirizana, momwe mungasankhire mtundu wamakina omwe mukufuna kutsitsa kununkhira uku.

Ngati muli ndi Ubuntu pa PC yanu, mutha kukhazikitsa Xubuntu ndi phukusi lolingana. Kuti muchite izi, yendetsani lamulo ili:

sudo apt install xubuntu-desktop

Ubuntu MATE

Ubuntu MATE

Malo ena omwe amalankhula nthawi zonse (mwanjira yabwino) ndi MATE. Ngati mukufuna kugwiritsa ntchito kompyuta yapachiyambi ya Ubuntu, yomwe idagwiritsa ntchito m'masiku ake oyambilira, ndiye kuti izi ndizomwe mumakonda. Kuonjezera apo, zofunikira za hardware sizili zovuta kwambiri, koma ndizochepa, zomwe siziyenera kukhala zodabwitsa ngati tiganizira kuti mapangidwe ake ndi ofanana ndi omwe Ubuntu anagwiritsidwa ntchito mu 2004. Ngakhale kuti muyenera kukhala okhulupirika ku choonadi ndi osalola pamenepo, koma fotokozani kuti MATE amatsatira zomwe zachitika pakompyutayo, koma akupitiliza kuwonjezera kumasulidwa kwatsopano atatulutsidwa.

Ngati mukufuna kukhazikitsa kununkhira uku, mutha kutsitsa kuchokera pa tsamba lovomerezeka. Monga nthawi zonse, mutha kuyiyikanso kuchokera ku Ubuntu ngati muli nayo kale polemba lamulo ili:

sudo apt install ubuntu-mate-desktop

Ubuntu Studio

Ubuntu Studio

Ngati mumadzipereka pantchito iliyonse yokhudzana ndi kupanga makanema kapena kusintha, kaya ndi nyimbo, zithunzi, makanema, zojambulajambula ... Ichi ndiye kukoma kwa Ubuntu komwe kuli koyenera kwa inu. Distro iyi ili ndi mapulogalamu ambiri aulere a multimedia omwe adakonzedweratu omwe adapangidwa ndendende pakusintha ndikupanga makanema ambiri. Chimodzi mwa zolinga zakununkhiraku ndikubweretsa dziko la GNU / Linux pafupi ndi onse omwe adzipereka kumagulu azama media. Imafunanso kuti ikhale yosavuta kuyika ndikugwiritsa ntchito momwe ingathere kuti izitha kupezeka kwa aliyense.

Mutha kutsitsa chithunzi cha ISO cha kununkhira uku kuchokera ku Apa, kapena yikani pamwamba pa Ubuntu womwe ulipo ndi malamulo awa:

sudo apt install tasksel
sudo tasksel install ubuntustudio-desktop

Ubuntu Budgie

Ubuntu Budgie

Ndimakonda kufotokozera desktop ya Budgie ngati mtundu wa GNOME kwa iwo omwe akufuna china chake choyeretsedwa. Siziri chimodzimodzi, koma imagawana zigawo zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri padziko lonse la Linux, ndipo zonse zikuwoneka kuti zidapangidwa bwino. Ndi imodzi mwazosankha zabwino kwambiri kwa iwo omwe akufuna GNOME popanda kukhala GNOME, kapena kusiya GNOME osasiya GNOME ...

Ikhoza kumasulidwa kuchokera Apa, kapena yikani pamwamba pa Ubuntu womwe ulipo ndi lamulo ili:

sudo apt install ubuntu-budgie-desktop

Ubuntu Unity

Ubuntu Unity

Canonical idatulutsa Ubuntu 10.10 ndikuyambitsa nayo Unity, kompyuta yatsopano yomwe imafuna kugwiritsa ntchito pamakompyuta ndi mafoni. Convergence, adayitcha, koma patapita zaka adayisiya kuti abwerere ku GNOME, nthawi ino ndi mtundu wa 3. Pambuyo pake, woyambitsa achinyamata anamvetsera kwa ogwiritsa ntchito omwe ankakonda kompyutayi ndikuyamba kugwira ntchito pa Ubuntu Unity, mpaka 2022 inakhalanso kukoma kwa boma.

Ubuntu Unity ndi kukoma komwe kumapangidwira iwo omwe adaphonya desktop iyi, ndipo ikupitilizabe kusinthika m'manja mwa Rudra Saraswat. akhoza dawunilodi kuchokera kugwirizana, kapena yikani pa Ubuntu womwe ulipo ndi lamulo ili:

sudo apt install ubuntu-unity-desktop

Ubuntu Kylin

Ubuntu Kylin

Kugawa uku, kwa ine, ndichinthu chachilendo. Ndipo ndikuti Ubuntu Kylin adakonda kugwiritsidwa ntchito ku China kokha ndikukwaniritsa zosowa zomwe nzika zadziko lino zitha kukhala nazo. Ngati mungatiwerengere kuchokera ku China ndipo simukuyembekezera kuti muyike kukoma uku, mutha kutsitsa Apa.

Itha kukhazikitsidwanso pamwamba pa Ubuntu womwe ulipo ndi lamulo ili:

sudo apt install ubuntukylin-desktop

Makina a Nthawi: Zokonda za Ubuntu zomwe sizikupezekanso

Monga momwe zokometsera zatsopano zimafika, nthawi zina ndikofunikira kusiya ena. Mwachitsanzo, panalibe chifukwa chomamatira ndi Ubuntu GNOME ngati mtundu waukulu udzagwiritsa ntchito kompyuta yomweyo. Zikatero, Canonical, kapena pulojekiti yomwe imayendetsa distro, ikhoza kusankha kuti ikhale ndi kukoma, ndipo izi ndi zomwe zatha kuzimiririka m'mbiri ya Ubuntu. Zomwe zikubwera ndi zomwe lemba lapitalo likunena, kuyang'ana m'mbuyo mu nthawi.

edubuntu

edubuntu

Maphunziro a sayansi yamakompyuta amayambiranso kusukulu. Chifukwa chake, pali kununkhira kovomerezeka komwe kumayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka m'masukulu. Chimodzi mwazomwe zagawidwa, kutengera kwathunthu pulogalamu ya Free Software, ndikuti chidziwitso ndi kuphunzira ziyenera kupezeka kwa aliyense amene akufuna kukula monga munthu ndikukweza dziko lowazungulira.

Kukhazikitsa Edubuntu pa PC yathu titha kuzichita m'njira ziwiri. Ngati tikufuna kukhazikitsa Edubuntu pamakina omwe ali ndi Ubuntu kale, ingoikani imodzi mwa maphukusiwa kuchokera ku Synaptic Package Manager kapena kuchokera ku terminal pomvera lamulo:

sudo apt-get install nombre_del_paquete

Phukusi lomwe tiyenera kukhazikitsa limadalira momwe Edubuntu adzagwiritsire ntchito. Mndandanda wamaphukusi ndi awa:

  • ubuntu-edu-kusukulu ya Sukulu ya Nursery.
  • ubuntu-edu-choyambirira ku Pulayimale.
  • ubuntu-edu-sekondale ya Sekondale.
  • ubuntu-edu-maphunziro apamwamba ku University.

Ngati tilibe Ubuntu pamakina athu, titha kutsitsa chithunzi cha distro kuchokera Apa, Kutengera kapangidwe ka PC yathu.

Ubuntu GNOME

Ubuntu GNOME

Distro iyi mwina ndiyomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri komanso odziwika bwino ku Ubuntu. Monga momwe dzina lake likusonyezera, distro iyi imagwiritsa ntchito GNOME monga chilengedwe chake. Ngati mukufuna kuwona momwe distro iyi imawonekera pa PC, ku Ubunlog timadzipereka cholowera kwa distro iyi ndi zomwe ndakumana nazo nazo. Distro iyi imadziwika ndi kuthekera kwake kosintha mwamakonda komanso mawonekedwe ake ochepera komanso okongola.

Kutsitsa chithunzi titha kuchichita tsamba lovomerezeka. Ngati muli ndi mtundu wina wa Ubuntu womwe udayikidwa pa PC yanu, mutha kukhazikitsa Ubuntu GNOME pogwiritsa ntchito lamulo ili:

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-gnome-desktop

Kusindikiza kwa Ubuntu Netbook

Kusindikiza kwa Ubuntu Netbook

Ngakhale Ubuntu pre-10.10 sinakhalepo yolemetsa, Canonical imakhulupirira kuti makompyuta ang'onoang'ono, 10 ″, ali ndi zida zabwino kwambiri, kotero adapanga mtundu wapadera wamtundu wa mini-kompyuta. Mtundu wovomerezekawo kapena kukoma kwake ndi Ubuntu Netbook Edition, ndipo ndizofanana ndi zoyambirira, koma zogwiritsidwa ntchito pazithunzi zazing'ono ndi makompyuta okhala ndi zida zochepa. Zambiri mu kugwirizana.

Nthano

Nthano

Kukoma kovomerezeka kumeneku ndi cholinga chokhazikitsa makina ozikidwa pa MythTV, chojambulira chaulere chaulere cha digito pansi pa layisensi ya GNU GPL. Mythbuntu idapangidwa kuti iziphatikizana ndendende ndi netiweki ya MythTV yomwe ilipo. Komanso, monga amatiuza patsamba lawo lovomerezeka, mapangidwe a Mythbuntu amalola kutembenuka kosavuta kuchokera pa desktop ya Ubuntu kupita ku Mythbuntu ndi mosemphanitsa. Kuyiyika mungathe kupeza izi kulumikizana. Ngati muli ndi Ubuntu kale pa PC yanu, mutha kufunafuna Mythbuntu mu Ubuntu Software Manager ndikupitiliza kukhazikitsa.

Ndipo iyi yakhala ndemanga yathu, yapano komanso yakale, ya zokometsera za Ubuntu. Tikukhulupirira kuti bukhuli lakhala lothandiza kwa inu.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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  1.   Juan Jose Cabral anati

    Kwa ine Mate ndiye desktop yabwino kwambiri

  2.   Eudes Javier Contreras Rios anati

    Plasma 5 siyosinthika monga momwe idakhalira KDE4, ma desktops sangakhale ndi mawonekedwe odziyimira pawokha chifukwa ndi malo osavuta kugwira ntchito (monga ma DE ena), ilibe ma plasmoid ambiri (ma widgets), imawononga mawonekedwe ngati mulibe kukhazikitsa pulogalamu yamakampani. Kuyesera komaliza kukhazikitsa - komwe kunali sabata yatha - kwalephera chifukwa chizindikirocho kuti chimuthandize wifi kuti achite izi ndi pc yanga yolumikizidwa ndi netiweki sichinagwire ntchito.
    Kwa "zazing'ono" izi ndimagwiritsa ntchito LinuxMint ndi KDE4 ndipo ndipitiliza kuigwiritsa ntchito momwe ndingathere; ndiye KDE4 ikasiya kupezeka pama distros onse, ndiganiza za Sinamoni, Mate kapena Umodzi.