Pezani Ubuntu ndi zokoma zake zovomerezeka

zokometsera zaumunthu

Chimodzi mwazinthu zofunikira kwambiri pa Ubuntu ndi GNU / Linux mwachidziwikire, ndizogawika zosiyanasiyana zomwe tili nazo. M'malo mwake, ambiri aiwo amachokera ku distro yodziwika bwino, monga Ubuntu ndi oonetsera ake odziwika bwino.

Pali magawo osiyanasiyana ochokera ku Ubuntu, omwe, monga tanenera, amatchedwa oonetsera ovomerezeka. Kuchokera ku ma distros okhala ndi ma desktops osinthika, monga Kubuntu, kupita ku distros kuti muzigwiritsa ntchito zinthu zochepa ndikukhala ndi opareshoni yaying'ono pa PC yathu, monga zilili ndi Lubuntu. Ku Ubunlog tikufuna kuwunikanso zokoma zonse za Ubuntu ndikufotokozera momwe tingazipezere.

Monga mukuwonera, mawonekedwe amtundu uliwonse amasiyanasiyana kutengera mawonekedwe amakina ndi wogwiritsa ntchito omwe adzagwiritse ntchito pagawolo. M'mayankho onse ang'onoang'ono omwe tidzapange pa distro iliyonse, tidzakambirana za momwe tingathere kutsitsa zithunzi za ISO pakugawa kulikonse.

Chifukwa chake ngati simukudziwa kujambula chithunzi pazida zosungira, mutha kuyang'ana izi zomwe tidalemba masabata angapo apitawa momwe tidafotokozera momwe tingachitire mu Ubuntu. Tidayamba.

Edubuntu

Maphunziro a sayansi yamakompyuta amayambiranso kusukulu. Chifukwa chake, pali kununkhira kovomerezeka komwe kumayenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito makamaka m'masukulu. Chimodzi mwazomwe zagawidwa, kutengera kwathunthu pulogalamu ya Free Software, ndikuti chidziwitso ndi kuphunzira ziyenera kupezeka kwa aliyense amene akufuna kukula monga munthu ndikukweza dziko lowazungulira.

Kukhazikitsa Edubuntu pa PC yathu titha kuzichita m'njira ziwiri. Ngati tikufuna kukhazikitsa Edubuntu pamakina omwe ali ndi Ubuntu kale, ingoikani imodzi mwa maphukusiwa kuchokera ku Synaptic Package Manager kapena kuchokera ku terminal pomvera lamulo:

sudo apt-get kukhazikitsa package_name

Phukusi lomwe tiyenera kukhazikitsa limadalira momwe Edubuntu adzagwiritsire ntchito. Mndandanda wamaphukusi ndi awa:

  • ubuntu-edu-kusukulu ya Sukulu ya Nursery.
  • ubuntu-edu-choyambirira ku Pulayimale.
  • ubuntu-edu-sekondale ya Sekondale.
  • ubuntu-edu-maphunziro apamwamba ku University.

Ngati tilibe Ubuntu pamakina athu, titha kutsitsa chithunzi cha distro kuchokera Apa, Kutengera kapangidwe ka PC yathu.

Ubuntu GNOME

Chithunzi chojambula cha Conky

Distro iyi mwina ndiyomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri komanso odziwika bwino ku Ubuntu. Monga momwe dzina lake likusonyezera, distro iyi imagwiritsa ntchito GNOME monga chilengedwe chake. Ngati mukufuna kuwona momwe distro iyi imawonekera pa PC, ku Ubunlog timadzipereka cholowera kwa distro iyi ndi zomwe ndakumana nazo nazo. Distro iyi imadziwika ndi kuthekera kwake kosintha mwamakonda komanso mawonekedwe ake ochepera komanso okongola.

Kutsitsa chithunzi titha kuchichita tsamba lovomerezeka. Ngati muli ndi mtundu wina wa Ubuntu womwe udayikidwa pa PC yanu, mutha kukhazikitsa Ubuntu GNOME pogwiritsa ntchito lamulo ili:

sudo apt-kukhazikitsa ubuntu-gnome-desktop

Komanso, ngati mukufuna kuchotsa ma phukusi a Ubuntu omwe sangakhale ofunikira, mutha kutero:

sudo apt-purge ubuntu-default-zosintha

sudo apt-purge ubuntu-desktop

sudo apt-get autoremove

Kubuntu

Kubuntu-8.10-miniscreenshot

Ngakhale Ubuntu wokhala ndi GNOME ndi amodzi mwa ma distros odziwika kwambiri komanso osinthika, Kubuntu, kununkhira komwe kumagwiritsa ntchito KDE Plasma 5 ngati malo apakompyuta, sikuli kumbuyo kwenikweni. Kapangidwe kameneka kamakhalanso ndi kapangidwe kokongola kwambiri komanso kosinthika mosinthika.

Ngati mukufuna kukhazikitsa kukoma uku pa PC yanu mutha kutsitsa chithunzi chake cha ISO kuchokera Apa. Apanso, ngati muli ndi Ubuntu kale, mutha kukhazikitsa Kubuntu potsatira malamulo awa:

sudo apt-get kukhazikitsa kubuntu-desktop

Muthanso kuchotsa phukusi lomwe silifunikanso poyendetsa malamulo omwe afotokozedwa mu gawo la Ubuntu GNOME.

Komabe, ngati mukufuna maphunziro ena atsatanetsatane amomwe mungakhalire ndi kununkhira uku, tikukulimbikitsani kuti muwerenge izi Tidalemba pomwe Kubuntu 15.04 idatuluka.

Ubuntu Kylin

umunthu kylin

Kugawa uku, kwa ine, ndichinthu chachilendo. Ndipo ndikuti Ubuntu Kylin adakonda kugwiritsidwa ntchito ku China kokha ndikukwaniritsa zosowa zomwe nzika zadziko lino zitha kukhala nazo. Ngati mungatiwerengere kuchokera ku China ndipo simukuyembekezera kuti muyike kukoma uku, mutha kutsitsa Apa.

Lubuntu

lubuntu

Ngati PC yanu ndi yakale kapena ilibe mawonekedwe abwino, Lubuntu ndiye yankho lanu. Kukoma kumeneku kumakhala kofewa kwambiri chifukwa kumangogwiritsa ntchito zochepa chabe. Tithokoze chifukwa cha ntchito zopepuka zomwe desktop yanu ya LXDE (Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment) imagwiritsa ntchito kale.

Kukoma kumeneku kumatha kuyendetsa popanda zovuta pamakina omwe ali ndi RAM ya 256 mpaka 384 MB yokha. Chifukwa chake ngati mukufuna Kachitidwe kogwiritsira ntchito PC yanu kamene kalibe zinthu zambiri kapena mukufuna kungoyesa kapangidwe kake kakang'ono kameneka, mutha kutsitsa Lubuntu Apa.

Ngati muli ndi vuto lililonse la Ubuntu, mutha kukhazikitsa Lubuntu mwachindunji kuchokera ku terminal mwa kukhazikitsa phukusi lofanana la Lubuntu. Kuti muchite izi, yesani lamulo ili:

sudo pat-khazikitsa lubuntu-desktop

Muthanso kukhazikitsa phukusi la package lubuntu-desktop kuyang'ana kwa woyang'anira phukusi la Synaptic.

Nthano

NthanoBuntu-Yopanda mantha-Ibex_2

Kukoma kumeneku ndikofunikira kukhazikitsa njira yozikidwa pa MythTV, chojambulira makanema chaulere chaulere pansi pa chiphaso cha GNU GPL. Mythubuntu idapangidwa kuti iphatikizidwe ndendende ndi netiweki ya MythTV. Kuphatikiza apo, monga zikuwonetsedwa patsamba lawo lovomerezeka, mamangidwe a Mythubuntu amalola kusintha kosavuta kuchokera pa desktop ya Ubuntu kupita ku Mythbuntu komanso mosemphanitsa. Kuti muyike mutha kuwona izi kulumikizana. Ngati muli ndi Ubuntu kale pa PC yanu, mutha kufunafuna Mythbuntu mu Ubuntu Software Manager ndikupitiliza kukhazikitsa.

Ubuntu Studio

Ngati mumadzipereka pantchito iliyonse yokhudzana ndi kupanga makanema kapena kusintha, kaya ndi nyimbo, zithunzi, makanema, zojambulajambula ... Ichi ndiye kukoma kwa Ubuntu komwe kuli koyenera kwa inu. Distro iyi ili ndi mapulogalamu ambiri aulere a multimedia omwe adakonzedweratu omwe adapangidwa ndendende pakusintha ndikupanga makanema ambiri. Chimodzi mwa zolinga zakununkhiraku ndikubweretsa dziko la GNU / Linux pafupi ndi onse omwe adzipereka kumagulu azama media. Imafunanso kuti ikhale yosavuta kuyika ndikugwiritsa ntchito momwe ingathere kuti izitha kupezeka kwa aliyense.

Mutha kutsitsa chithunzi cha ISO cha kununkhira uku kuchokera ku Apa.

Xubuntu

Xubuntu_13.04_Chingelezi

Xubuntu ndiye kukoma kwa Ubuntu komwe kumagwiritsa ntchito XFCE ngati malo apakompyuta, omwe ngati LXDE, ndi malo opepuka kwambiri. Xubuntu ndi yokongola, yosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito, komanso distro yosinthika kwambiri. Ndiwo mawonekedwe abwino kwa iwo omwe akufuna kupindula kwambiri ndi ma desiki awo ndi kuyang'ana zamakono komanso zofunikira kuti mukhale ndi ntchito yabwino kwambiri.

Kuti mupeze Xubuntu, mutha kutero kugwirizana, momwe mungasankhire mtundu wamakina omwe mukufuna kutsitsa kununkhira uku.

Ngati muli ndi Ubuntu kale pa PC yanu, mutha kukhazikitsa Xubuntu poyika phukusi lolingana. Kuti muchite izi, tsatirani lamulo ili:

sudo apt-kukhazikitsa xubuntu-desktop

Ngati mukufuna kudziwa mwatsatanetsatane mawonekedwe omwe magawowa akupereka, mutha kuwona kulowa komwe tidalemba mu Ubunlog pomwe mtundu wake waposachedwa udawunika.

Ubuntu MATE

mwamuna

Malo ena omwe nthawi zonse amalankhula (mwanjira yabwino) ndi MATE. Ngati mukufuna kugwiritsa ntchito desktop ya Ubuntu, ndiye kuti ndiye kukoma kwanu. Kuphatikiza apo, zofunikira za hardware sizovuta kwenikweni, koma m'malo modzichepetsa, popeza osachepera muyenera kuyendetsa mtundu watsopanowu ndi 512 MB ya RAM, 8 GB ya hard disk ndi purosesa yochokera kubanja la Pentium. III.

Ngati mukufuna kukhazikitsa kununkhira uku, mutha kutsitsa kuchokera pa tsamba lovomerezeka. Monga nthawi zonse, mutha kuyiyikanso kuchokera ku Ubuntu ngati muli nayo kale.

Choyamba tiyenera kuwonjezera malo a Ubuntu Mate ku Ubuntu wathu potsatira malamulo awa:

sudo apt-add-repository ppa: ubuntu-mate-dev / ppa

sudo apt-add-repository ppa: ubuntu-mate-dev / trusty-mate

Kenako timasintha maphukusi:

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-kupeza kukweza

Ndipo pamapeto pake timayika chilengedwe ndi:

sudo apt-get kukhazikitsa -no-install-amalimbikitsa ubuntu-mate-core ubuntu-mate-desktop

Mutha kutsatira izi kukhazikitsa kalozera kuchokera ku Ubuntu MATE yomwe tidalemba pa Ubunlog miyezi ingapo yapitayo.

Mwachidule, tikukhulupirira kuti kulowa kwa Ubunlog kukuthandizani ndipo tsopano mutha kukhala kosavuta kusankha mtundu wa Ubuntu womwe ungakhazikike pa PC yanu


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.

  1.   Juan Jose Cabral anati

    Kwa ine Mate ndiye desktop yabwino kwambiri

  2.   Eudes Javier Contreras Rios anati

    Plasma 5 siyosinthika monga momwe idakhalira KDE4, ma desktops sangakhale ndi mawonekedwe odziyimira pawokha chifukwa ndi malo osavuta kugwira ntchito (monga ma DE ena), ilibe ma plasmoid ambiri (ma widgets), imawononga mawonekedwe ngati mulibe kukhazikitsa pulogalamu yamakampani. Kuyesera komaliza kukhazikitsa - komwe kunali sabata yatha - kwalephera chifukwa chizindikirocho kuti chimuthandize wifi kuti achite izi ndi pc yanga yolumikizidwa ndi netiweki sichinagwire ntchito.
    Kwa "zazing'ono" izi ndimagwiritsa ntchito LinuxMint ndi KDE4 ndipo ndipitiliza kuigwiritsa ntchito momwe ndingathere; ndiye KDE4 ikasiya kupezeka pama distros onse, ndiganiza za Sinamoni, Mate kapena Umodzi.

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