KiCad 6.0 yatulutsidwa kale ndipo ikubwera ndi kukonzanso

Patapita zaka zitatu ndi theka mtundu waposachedwa kwambiri watulutsidwa kuchokera kwa Free Computer Aided Design Software for Printed Circuit Boards "KiCad 6.0.0". Aka kanali koyamba kutulutsidwa kofunikira kuyambira pomwe polojekitiyi idakhala pansi pa mapiko a Linux Foundation.

Amene sadziwa KiCad ayenera kudziwa kuti pulogalamuyo imapereka zida zosinthira mabwalo amagetsi ndi ma board osindikizidwa, jambulani bolodi mu 3D, gwirani ntchito ndi laibulale yazinthu zamagetsi, sinthani ma tempuleti a Gerber, yerekezerani mabwalo amagetsi, sinthani matabwa osindikizidwa, ndikuwongolera ma projekiti.

Zatsopano zatsopano za KiCad 6.0

Mu mtundu watsopanowu mawonekedwe ogwiritsa ntchito akuwonetsedwa adakonzedwanso ndikupatsidwa mawonekedwe amakono, popeza mawonekedwe a zigawo zosiyanasiyana za KiCad alumikizidwa. Mwachitsanzo, okonza schematic and printed circuit board (PCB) sapanganso mawonekedwe a mapulogalamu osiyanasiyana ndipo ali pafupi wina ndi mnzake malinga ndi masanjidwe, ma hotkeys, masanjidwe a dialog, ndi njira yosinthira. Kuphatikiza apo, ntchito idachitidwa kuti achepetse mawonekedwe a ogwiritsa ntchito atsopano ndi mainjiniya omwe amagwiritsa ntchito machitidwe osiyanasiyana opangira ntchito zawo.

Ikufotokozedwanso kuti mkonzi wa schematic wakonzedwanso, izo tsopano imagwiritsa ntchito kusankha kwa chinthu chimodzimodzi ndi ma paradigms osintha ngati PCB mkonzi, Kuphatikiza apo, ntchito zatsopano zidawonjezeredwa, monga kugawa makalasi ozungulira mwachindunji kuchokera ku mkonzi wazithunzi.

Kumbali ina, titha kupeza kuti luso logwiritsa ntchito malamulo posankha mtundu ndi kalembedwe ka mizere ya kondakitala ndi mabasi adaperekedwa, payekha komanso malinga ndi mtundu wa dera. Mapangidwe a hierarchical asavuta, mwachitsanzo, ndizotheka kupanga mabasi omwe amaphatikiza ma sign angapo okhala ndi mayina osiyanasiyana.

Kuonjezera apo, tikhoza kupezanso izo dongosolo latsopano likufunsidwa kuti lifotokoze malamulo apadera opangira, zomwe zimakulolani kufotokozera malamulo ovuta kupanga, kuphatikizapo omwe amakulolani kukhazikitsa zoletsa zokhudzana ndi zigawo zina kapena madera oletsedwa.

Njira zimaperekedwa kuti muphatikize mitundu kumanetiweki ndi magulu a maukonde, ndikuyika mitunduyo kumalumikizidwe kapena zigawo zolumikizidwa ndi maukondewo. Pansi pa ngodya yakumanja pali gulu latsopano la "Selection Filter" (Zosefera Zosankha), zomwe mungathe kulamulira mitundu ya zinthu zomwe zingasankhidwe.

Mawonekedwe owonera mtundu wa 3D wa mbale yomwe akuyembekezeredwayo adawongoleredwa, yomwe imagwiritsa ntchito kuthekera kotsata kuwala kowunikira zenizeni. Kuthekera kowonjezera kuwunikira zinthu zosankhidwa mu PCB mkonzi. Kufikira kosavuta kwa zowongolera zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pafupipafupi.

A mtundu watsopano wamafayilo okhala ndi zida zamagetsi ndi malaibulale azizindikiros, kutengera mawonekedwe omwe adagwiritsidwa ntchito kale pamabodi ndi mapiko. Mtundu watsopanowu udapangitsa kuti zitheke kugwiritsa ntchito zinthu monga zizindikiro zophatikizira zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito mu schema mwachindunji mufayilo yokhala ndi schema, osagwiritsa ntchito malaibulale apakatikati.

  • Mawonekedwe owoneka bwino oyerekeza komanso kuthekera kokulirapo kwa spice simulator.
  • Wowonjezera E Series Resistance Calculator.
  • Wowoneka bwino wa GerbView.
  • Thandizo lowonjezera pakulowetsa mafayilo kuchokera ku phukusi la CADSTAR ndi Altium Designer.
  • Kulowetsedwa bwino mumtundu wa EAGLE.
  • Zatsopano zakhazikitsidwa kuti muchepetse kuyenda movutikira.
  • Thandizo lowonjezera pakupulumutsa ndi kubwezeretsa zokhazikitsidwa zomwe zimatsimikizira dongosolo la zinthu pazenera.
  • Zinapereka kuthekera kobisa maukonde ena ku maulalo.
  • Thandizo lokwezeka la mitundu ya Gerber, STEP, ndi DXF.
  • Anawonjezera "Content Manager ndi Plugin".
  • Njira yoyika "parallel" idakhazikitsidwa kope linanso la pulogalamuyo ndi masinthidwe odziyimira pawokha.
  • Kusintha kwa mbewa ndi touchpad.
  • Adawonjezera kuthekera kothandizira mutu wakuda wa Linux ndi macOS.

Ngati mukufuna kudziwa zambiri za izi, mutha kuwona buku loyambirira Mu ulalo wotsatira.

Momwe mungakhalire KiCad pa Linux?

Pomaliza, ngati mukufuna kudziwa pulogalamuyi, mutha kuyiyika pakugawana kwanu kwa Linux kutsatira malangizo omwe timagawana pansipa.

Okonza mapulogalamuwa amapereka malo ovomerezeka, momwe angathandiziridwe kuti apange kuyika m'njira yosavuta.

Amatha kuwonjezera chosungira pamakina awo potsegula osachiritsika (Amatha kutero ndi kuphatikiza kofunikira Ctrl + Alt + T) ndipo amalemba pamenepo:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:kicad/kicad-6.0-releases -y
sudo apt update
sudo apt install --install-recommends kicad

Pomaliza, ngati simukufuna kuwonjezera zina zosungira m'dongosolo lanu, mutha kukhazikitsa ndi njira ina. Chokha muyenera kukhala ndi chithandizo cha Flatpak yowonjezeredwa m'dongosolo lanu (ngati mulibe, mutha kuwona zotsatirazi kabuku). Kuti muyike kugwiritsa ntchito njirayi, muyenera kungotsegula osachiritsika ndipo mulembe lamulo lotsatirali:

flatpak install --from https://flathub.org/repo/appstream/org.kicad_pcb.KiCad.flatpakref

Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
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