Momwe mungakhalire pulogalamu mu Ubuntu

Chizindikiro cha Ubuntu phukusi

Kuyika pulogalamu mu Ubuntu ndi ntchito yosavuta kwambiri. Ubuntu imawonjezera mapulogalamu omwe amadziwika kwambiri mwachisawawa komanso yamphamvu yomwe Linux ili nayo, komabe, ngati mungafune mapulogalamu enaake mutha kuyiyika mosavuta potsatira njira zomwe tawonetsa pansipa. Ngati mukufuna kudziwa zambiri zomwe zimachitika nthawi iliyonse mukakhazikitsa pulogalamu ku Ubuntu, yomwe ingaphatikizepo mafunso okhudzana ndiukadaulo, mutha kuyipeza pazolemba zomwe zimaphatikizapo, monga Phukusi ndi Phukusi Management o Kuyika Phukusi.

Mu Ubuntu (ndi Linux wamba), mosiyana ndi Windows world, palibe chifukwa chofufuzira pulogalamu pamanja pa intaneti, dawunilodi ndikuyika malaibulale ambiri kuti athe kuphedwa. Pazomwe pali malo osungira zinthu (onani Mapulogalamu ndi zosintha), nyumba yosungiramo zinthu yapakatikati yomwe ili ndi mapulogalamu onse omwe amapezeka ndipo amakhala atsopano nthawi zonse. Tiyenera kusankha kugwiritsa ntchito ndipo makinawa amasamalira kale kutsitsa ndikukhazikitsa.

Pali njira zingapo zokhazikitsira pulogalamu mu Ubuntu. Tikuwonetsani kwa inu kuchokera kutsikitsitsa mpaka mulingo wapamwamba kwambiri wa «zovuta».

1. Ubuntu Software Center

Ubuntu Software Center

Njira yosavuta komanso yowoneka bwino kwambiri ndikugwiritsa ntchito izi. Monga Ubuntu yakhazikitsidwa, magwiridwe antchito awonjezedwa omwe awapatsa fayilo ya mawonekedwe a malo ogulitsira enieni komwe kuli zikwizikwi za mapulogalamu omwe amapezeka kwa ogwiritsa ntchito.

Kuti tipeze tiyenera kudina pazizindikiro Pulogalamu Yapulogalamu, mkati mwazitsulo loyambitsa kapena kulengeza lomwe lili kumanzere kwa chinsalu; kapena podina pa chokhazikitsa choyamba ndi chithunzi cha Ubuntu chomwe chimatsegula Dashboard kapena mukapeza ndi kulemba kapena kufufuza Pulogalamu Yapulogalamu.

Ntchitoyi yagawidwa m'magawo angapo:

  1. Mu zotupa zapamwamba tili ndi njira zotsatirazi Ntchito zonse, Kuyikidwa ndi Mbiri.
  2. A La izquierda ndi mapulogalamu omwe agawidwa m'magulu ang'onoang'ono.
  3. Mu pakati ndi mapulogalamu omwe agawidwa ndi Zosachedwapa y Zovoteledwa kwambiri.
  4. Mu pamwamba kumanja tili ndi mwayi wa Sakani.

Tikasankha phukusi kapena pulogalamu yomwe tikufuna kuyika, titha kusindikiza batani lolingana ndikudikirira kuti liphatikizidwe m'dongosolo lathu. Ngati tikufuna kudziwa zambiri za pulogalamuyi, ndi ya chiyani, ndi chiyani mapulagini kuyika kapena kuwunika ndi ndemanga za ogwiritsa ntchito, titha kuwona izi zonse podina Zambiri. Mukangomaliza ntchitoyo, batani Ikani zidzangokhala zokha Sulani ndipo kuchokera pano titha kuchotsa kugwiritsa ntchito pulogalamuyi. Monga mukuwonera, zonse ndizosavuta komanso zowoneka bwino.

2. Woyang'anira Phukusi la Synaptic

Pulogalamu ya Synaptic

Synaptic ndi dongosolo lotsogola kwambiri kuyika ndikuchotsa ntchito kuposa Software Center. Ngakhale zili choncho, chilengedwe ndi chowoneka bwino komanso champhamvu kwambiri, ndipo chimayang'anira ntchito zonse zomwe zaikidwa pa makinawa, kudalira kwawo komanso mapaketi osiyanasiyana omwe atha kuyikidwa malinga ndi zosowa. Kuyambira Ubuntu 12.04 Synaptic siyiyikidwa mwachisawawa ndipo ngati tikufuna kuigwiritsa ntchito, tiyenera kuyiyika kuchokera ku Software Center, kufunafuna Synaptic.

Kuti titsegule Synaptic tifunika kudina koyamba pa bar ndi logo ya Ubuntu, titsegula Dashboard ndipo tilemba kapena kusaka Woyang'anira phukusi la Synaptic. Ndi manejala uyu titha kukhazikitsa, kuyikanso ndikuchotsa maphukusi m'njira yosavuta. Chithunzi cha Synaptic momwe mukuwonera chagawika m'magawo 4. Awiri ofunikira kwambiri ndi mndandanda womwe umaphatikizapo gawo la gawo (1) kumanzere ndi gawo la phukusi (3) kumanja. Kusankha phukusi pamndandanda kudzawonetsa malongosoledwe ake (4).

Kuti tiike phukusi tisankha gulu, dinani kumanja phukusi lomwe mukufuna ndikusankha Chongani kukhazikitsa kapena tidzadina kawiri pa dzina la phukusi. Mwanjira imeneyi tiziika phukusi zonse zomwe tikufuna kuyikamo ndipo tidina batani aplicar kuti kuyika kwanu kuyambike. Synaptic imangotsitsa ma phukusi oyenera okha kuchokera kumalo osungira zinthu pa intaneti kapena pa CD yoyika.

Muthanso kugwiritsa ntchito batani kusaka kuti mupeze ma phukusi omwe tikufuna kukhazikitsa. Tikadina batani ili titha kusaka mapulogalamu ndi dzina kapena kufotokozera. Pulogalamu yomwe tikufuna kuyika ikakhala, timadina kawiri kuti tiyiyike. Ngati tikufuna kuchotsa pulogalamu, zonse zomwe tiyenera kuchita ndikudina pomwepo ndikusankha Chotsani o Chotsani kwathunthu.

Nthawi zonse, zosinthazi zidzachitika tikangodina batani la Ikani.

Woyang'anira Synaptic, monga Software Center, imasamalira kuthetsa kudalira kwa phukusi palokha kuti mapulogalamuwa azigwira ntchito moyenera. Momwemonso, ndizotheka kuyisintha kuti iyike phukusi lomwe lingavomereze, popanda kufunsidwa ndi pulogalamuyi, lingakwaniritse zina zowonjezera. Ngati tikufuna kuyambitsa khalidweli titha kupita Kukhazikitsa > mwakonda, ndi mu tabu General fufuzani bokosi Sanjani ma phukusi ovomerezeka monga kudalira.

3. malamulo oyenerera ndi oyenerera kudzera pa console

Pakadali pano tawona njira yokhazikitsira mapulogalamu ku Ubuntu. Kenako tiwona momwe tingachitire izi koma kudzera pa terminal. Ngakhale ogwiritsa ntchito ambiri amakhumudwitsidwa ndi chilichonse chokhudzana ndi "zowonetsera zakuda", muyenera kudziwa kuti njirayi siyimakhala ndi zovuta zilizonse. Mosiyana, ndiyabwino komanso yosavuta komanso mwachangu.

Malamulo ofunikira omwe tidzafotokoze ndiwothandiza kupeza-bwino (o zoyenerera kuyambira Ubuntu 14.04) ndi aptitude. Onsewa amagwira ntchito mofananamo, koma tiyenera kukumbukira kuti pakuwapempha tiyenera kukhala ndi mwayi wotsogolera, chifukwa chake khalani omvera ku lamulolo sudo.

Timatsegula ma terminal kudzera pachotsegula choyamba pa bar ndi logo ya Ubuntu, kenako Dashboard ndipo timalemba kapena kusaka: Terminal. Ikutsegulidwanso mwa kukanikiza kuphatikiza kiyi Ctrl + Alt + T.

  • Kuyika phukusi:
sudo apt-get install nombre-del-paquete
  • Ikani ma phukusi angapo:
sudo apt-get install nombre-del-paquete1 nombre-del-paquete2 nombre-del-paquete3
  • Chotsani phukusi:
sudo apt-get remove nombre-del-paquete
  • Chotsani phukusi ndi mafayilo ake ogwirizana:
sudo apt-get remove --purge nombre-del-paquete
  • Sinthani mndandanda wamaphukusi omwe mulipo
sudo apt-get update
  • Sinthani phukusi lonse lomwe layikidwa pakompyuta
sudo apt-get upgrade

Tikamapereka lamuloli, dongosololi lingatifunse ngati tikufuna kukhazikitsa phukusi ndi zomwe tasankha ndi ena omwe amadalira, kutiwonetsa zina monga dzina lathunthu, mtundu kapena kukula kwake. Tiyankha motsimikiza ndikudikirira kuti amalize kukhazikitsa.

 

Awa ndi malekezero a bukhuli pomwe takuwonetsani njira zosiyanasiyana zoyikira phukusi mu Ubuntu. Tikukhulupirira kuti mupeza zothandiza.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Ndemanga za 10, siyani anu

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa.

*

*

  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.

  1.   Pedro anati

    Nkhani yosangalatsa kwa ine, chifukwa ndine wonyozeka ku Ubuntu, ndikukufunsani funso la momwe mungayikitsire Madalaivala. Ndili ndi adaputala ya USB ya TP-Link wifi (Archer T2U) Ndatsitsa madalaivala a Linux patsamba lake lovomerezeka (Archer T2U_V1_150901) koma ?? Sindikudziwa momwe adayikidwira.
    Zikomo ndi zonse

    1.    Luis Gomez anati

      Wawa Pedro, ponena za funso lanu ndiyenera kukuwuzani kuti, monga pafupifupi chilichonse pamakompyuta, zimadalira. Ngati tikulankhula za oyendetsa galimoto, nthawi zambiri pulogalamu kapena pulogalamu imaphatikizidwa yomwe imagwira ntchito yoyiyika pamakina athu. Choyamba, onetsetsani kuti palibe fayilo yowerengera yomwe ikuwonetsa njira zomwe mungatsatire makamaka kwa wowongolera yemwe mukufuna kuwonjezera. Chachiwiri, ndikukuwuzani kuti, ngati mwatsitsa tarball, onetsetsani ngati pali pulogalamu iliyonse yomwe mungayambitse kuchokera pamzere wolamula powonjezerapo zomwe zingachitike.

  2.   tanganidwa anati

    Mu Ubuntu, ndi Umodzi, ndizotheka kuyiyika mwachindunji kuchokera pa Dashboard.

    Zikomo!

  3.   Pedro anati

    Zikomo kwambiri chifukwa chondidziwitsa, sindinawone fayilo iliyonse yowerengera yomwe ikuwonetsa njira zomwe ndiyenera kutsatira, ndidalumikizana ndi TP-Link ndipo samadziwa momwe angandiperekere malangizo oyikira.

  4.   John jackson anati

    Wawa Luis, Zikomo chifukwa chothandizira momveka bwino, mophweka komanso molunjika.

    Ndangoyika mtundu wa Ubuntu 10.10 pa laputopu, vuto lomwe limabweretsa ndikulephera kusewera pa intaneti ngakhale itazindikira ndi kulumikizana ndi WiFi. ndi ethernet ngati ndingathe kusewera, imazindikira ma netiweki a windows ndi zonsezo. Ndi netiweki yopanda zingwe imangotchula kuti yolumikizidwa. Ndidapatsa kale DHCP mwayi wochita ntchitoyi komanso pamanja (IP, Subnet mask, gateway, DNS) ndipo vutoli likupitilirabe.

    Ndinayesetsanso kulemba pa intaneti, koma kuyesaku sikunandigwire.

    Kodi mungandithandizire kudziwa izi.

    Ndithokozeretu

  5.   john jackson anati

    PS ndatsimikiza kale

  6.   Mark Lopez anati

    Zikomo.
    Ndine watsopano ku umunthu uwu, ndayika mtundu wa 16.04 koma ndili ndi vuto kuti zilizonse zomwe ndikufuna kuyika sizikundilola, ndayesa kutonthoza ndipo palibe, mu pulogalamu ya pulogalamuyo palibe, ndimayesa kukhazikitsa synaptic kuchokera ku console ndi zimandiuza kuti palibe woyimira.
    Malingaliro aliwonse?
    Choyamba, Zikomo

  7.   Alfredo anati

    wina amadziwa komwe nditha kutsitsa mtundu wa utorrent kuti utsitse mu armbian ya ubuntu 16.04.2. Ngati wina ali ndi yankho, nditumizireni imelo ili:
    acuesta1996@gmail.com

  8.   Virginia Rose anati

    Moni abwenzi, zikomo kwambiri chifukwa cha zopereka zanu zamtengo wapatali
    Ndili ndi vuto. Diski yanga imagawika mu 3. gawo 1 la ma windons, partiticon2 ndili ndi linux, ndi 3 yogwiritsa ntchito kwambiri, ngati zosunga zobwezeretsera.
    Arta de windons ndi ma virus awo odziwika, ndaganiza zogwiritsa ntchito linux pachilichonse, makamaka kulumikizana ndi intaneti, kukhazikitsa Zorin 9 (kutengera ubuntu)
    x yolakwika phukusi la firefox ndipo sindikudziwa momwe ndingathetsere vutoli
    Ndayesa kale njira zosiyanasiyana, monga kukonzanso zosintha, kusintha, kukhazikitsa firefox x pulogalamu yamapulogalamu.
    uku ndiko kulakwitsa kwanga ndikusintha:

    Zolakwika http://security.ubuntu.com trusty-security / magwero akulu
    Zolakwika http://security.ubuntu.com trusty-security / magwero akulu
    404 Sanapezeke [IP: 91.189.91.26 80]
    Atengedwa 3.547 kB mu 34min 28s (1.714 B / s)
    Kuwerenga phukusi mndandanda ... Wachita
    W: Cholakwika chinachitika pakutsimikizira siginecha.
    Malo osungirawo sanasinthidwe ndipo mafayilo am'mbuyomu adzagwiritsidwa ntchito.
    Cholakwika cha GPG: http://deb.opera.com khazikika InRelease: Ma signature otsatirawa sakanatha kutsimikizika chifukwa kiyi wagulu palibe: NO_PUBKEY D615560BA5C7FF72
    W: Palibe chinsinsi pagulu chopezeka ndi ma ID awa:
    Zamgululi
    W: Yalephera kutenga http://deb.opera.com/opera/dists/stable/InRelease
    W: Yalephera kutenga gzip: /var/lib/apt/lists/partial/ve.archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_trusty-updates_universe_binary-i386_Packages Hash Sum mismatch
    W: Yalephera kutenga http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/dists/stable/Release Sitinathe kupeza 'main / binary-i386 / Packages' mu fayilo yotulutsidwa (Zosayenera. Mndandanda wolowera kapena fayilo yolakwika)
    W: Yalephera kutenga http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty-security/main/source/Sources 404 Sanapezeke [IP: 91.189.91.26 80]
    W: Mafayilo ena amalozera sanathe kutsitsa. Zinyalanyazidwa, kapena zakale zimagwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo mwake.

    mlanduwo ndikuti poyesa kuyikanso umataya cholakwikacho.
    Chonde ngati wina angandithandize !!!

    1.    David yeshael anati

      Moni Rosa, kuchokera pazomwe ndikuwona, zimakuponyerani izi chifukwa sizingapeze adilesiyi, popeza kulibenso.
      «Cholakwika http://security.ubuntu.com trusty-security / magwero akulu
      Zolakwika http://security.ubuntu.com trusty-security / Magwero Aakulu »
      "404 Sanapezeke [IP: 91.189.91.26 80]".
      Chachiwiri ndikuti simunalandireko mafungulo a opera
      «Cholakwika cha GPG: http://deb.opera.com khazikika InRelease: Ma signature otsatirawa sakanatha kutsimikizika chifukwa kiyi wagulu palibe: NO_PUBKEY D615560BA5C7FF72 ″

      Mutha kutiwonetsa mndandanda wazomwe mungapeze, mumachita ndi:
      paka /etc/apt/source.list

bool (zoona)