CelOS, Ubuntu yomwe imalowetsa Snap ndi Flatpak

Masiku angapo apitawo kutulutsidwa kwa mtundu watsopano wa Ubuntu 22.04 LTS "Jammy Jellyfish" chithandizo chanthawi yayitali (LTS) chokhala ndi zosintha zazaka 5, zomwe pakadali pano zizikhala mpaka Epulo 2027.

Baibulo limene zasintha zambiri ndi zomwe, mwachitsanzo, kusinthidwa kwa desktop ya GNOME 42 kumawonekera, komwe kumapereka zosankha zamitundu 10 mumayendedwe amdima ndi opepuka, omwe amafika ndi Linux kernel 5.15 komanso kuti mu zida zina linux-oem-22.04 iperekedwa 5.17 kernel, kuphatikizapo systemd system manager yasinthidwa kuti ikhale 249 ndipo momwe mungayankhire mwamsanga kuperewera kwa kukumbukira, makina a systemd-oomd amagwiritsidwa ntchito mwachisawawa, mwa zina (ngati mukufuna kudziwa zambiri za izo, mukhoza funsani chikalata chomwe chinasindikizidwa apa pabulogu za zatsopano).

Ndipo ndi zimenezo mfundo yokamba za kutulutsidwa kwa Ubuntu 22.04, ndi kuti masiku pambuyo pake sadatulutsa mtundu wa beta wa kugawa kwa CelOS (Celestial OS), zomwe mosiyana ndi magawo ena omwe amadziyika okha ngati "zotengera" izi siziri, chifukwa kwenikweni ndikumanganso kwa Ubuntu, momwe chida chowongolera phukusi la Snap chimasinthidwa ndi Flatpak.

Ndikutanthauza, Ubuntu wopanda Snap, momwe m'malo moyika mapulogalamu owonjezera kuchokera pagulu la Snap Store, kuphatikiza ndi kalozera wa Flathub akufunsidwa.

Za CelOS

Khazikitsani imaphatikizapo kusankha kwa mapulogalamu a Gnome omwe amagawidwa mumtundu wa Flatpak, komanso kuthekera koyika mwachangu mapulogalamu owonjezera kuchokera pagulu la Flathub.

Monga mawonekedwe ogwiritsira ntchito, Gnome wamba wokhala ndi khungu la Adwaita akufunsidwa, momwe amapangidwira ndi polojekiti yayikulu, osagwiritsa ntchito khungu la Yaru lomwe limaperekedwa ku Ubuntu. Ubiquity wamba imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati choyikira.

sakuphatikizidwa za kugawa koyambira font-viewer, gnome-characters ndi ubuntu-session ndi zomwe mapaketi a gnome-tweak-chida, gnome-software, gnome-software-plugin-flatpak, Flatpak ndi gnome-session adawonjezedwa, komanso mapaketi a flatpak Adwaita-dark, Epiphany, gedit, Tchizi, Calculator, mawotchi. , Kalendala, Zithunzi, Makhalidwe, owonera mafonti, Olumikizana nawo, Nyengo ndi Flatseal.

Kusiyanitsa pakati pa Flatpak ndi Snap kumabwera chifukwa Snap imapereka nthawi yaying'ono yothamanga yodzaza ndi chidebe chotengera mitundu ya monolithic ya Ubuntu Core, pomwe Flatpak imagwiritsa ntchito zigawo zina za nthawi yothamanga kuwonjezera pa nthawi yothamanga. tsatanetsatane wazomwe zimadalira kuti mapulogalamu agwire ntchito.

Chifukwa chake, Snap imasuntha malaibulale ambiri ogwiritsira ntchito kumbali ya phukusi (posachedwa zakhala zotheka kusuntha malaibulale akulu, monga GNOME ndi GTK, kumapaketi wamba), ndipo Flatpak imapereka phukusi la malaibulale wamba pamaphukusi osiyanasiyana (mwachitsanzo, malaibulale ali ndi zasunthidwa ku phukusi lofunikira kuti muyendetse mapulogalamu a GNOME kapena KDE) kuti mapaketiwo azikhala ophatikizika.

Phukusi la Flatpak limagwiritsa ntchito chithunzi chotengera mawonekedwe a OCI (Open Container Initiative), pomwe Snap amagwiritsa ntchito chithunzi cha SquashFS. Podzipatula, Flatpak imagwiritsa ntchito bubblewrap wosanjikiza (imagwiritsa ntchito magulu, malo a mayina, Seccomp, ndi SELinux) ndikukonzekera mwayi wopeza zinthu kunja kwa chidebe, njira yolowera. Snap imagwiritsa ntchito magulu, malo a mayina, Seccomp, ndi AppArmor kuti ikhale yodzipatula komanso yolumikizidwa kuti igwirizane ndi dziko lakunja ndi mapaketi ena.

Snap imapangidwa pansi pa ulamuliro wonse wa Canonical ndipo sichimayendetsedwa ndi anthu ammudzi, pamene polojekiti ya Flatpak ili yodziimira, imapereka mgwirizano wabwino ndi GNOME, ndipo sichimangirizidwa kunkhokwe imodzi.

Tsitsani ndikupeza CelOS

Kwa iwo omwe akufuna kuyesa CelOS ndiyenera kunena kuti mutha kupeza zithunzi ziwiri zadongosolo. Chimodzi mwa izo ndi mtundu wokhazikika womwe udakali pa Ubuntu 20.04 LTS ndipo chithunzi china chomwe chidatchulidwa kale ndi mtundu wa beta, womwe uli pa Ubuntu 22.04 LTS.

Kukula kwa chithunzi choyikapo ndi 3.7 GB ndipo chingapezeke kuchokera pa ulalo pansipa.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Ndemanga, siyani yanu

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa.

*

*

  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.

  1.   Raphael Romero anati

    Ray!! Kodi woyang'anira mapulogalamu amapanga zonyansa kwambiri kotero kuti amapanga kugawa kosiyana? Zonsezi zayamba kale kundikwiyitsa. Ndili bwino tsopano ndi Fedora 35 ndi Ubuntu 20.04.
    Pakalipano, chomwe sichilola Ubuntu 22.04 kukhazikitsa molondola ndi:
    - Palibe chithandizo cha dotnet Core chamtunduwu.
    - Mtundu wophatikizika wa WPA_Supplicant sundilola kuti ndilumikizane ndi PEAP/MSChap ku netiweki ya kampani yanga. 🙁
    Ndinadikirira miyezi ingapo ndisanayikhazikitse ngati OS yanga yayikulu.