NVIDIA idatulutsa madalaivala amakanema a Linux

Posachedwa Nvidia adavumbulutsidwa kudzera mu malonda wapanga chisankho chotulutsa code mwa ma module onse a kernel omwe amaperekedwa mu suite yanu ya ma driver amakanema a Linux.

Kodi yotulutsidwa yatulutsidwa pansi pa ziphaso za MIT ndi GPLv2. Kuthekera kopanga ma module kumaperekedwa pamapangidwe a x86_64 ndi aarch64 pamakina omwe akuyendetsa Linux kernel 3.10 ndi atsopano, ngakhale malaibulale a firmware ndi ogwiritsa ntchito monga CUDA, OpenGL, ndi ma stacks a Vulkan amakhalabe eni ake a Nvidia.

Zikuyembekezeka kuti kusindikizidwa kwa code zimabweretsa kuwonjezeka kwakukulu pakugwiritsa ntchito kwa Nvidia GPUs pamakina a Linux, onjezerani kuphatikiza ndi opaleshoni dongosolo ndi chepetsani madalaivala ndikuwongolera zovuta.

Madivelopa a Ubuntu ndi SUSE adalengeza kale mapangidwe a phukusi kutengera ma module otseguka.

Kukhala ndi ma module otseguka kumapangitsanso kukhala kosavuta kuphatikiza madalaivala a Nvidia ndi machitidwe otengera makonda osakhazikika a Linux kernel. Kwa Nvidia, gwero lotseguka lidzapititsa patsogolo ubwino ndi chitetezo cha oyendetsa Linux kupyolera mukuwonjezeka kwa anthu ammudzi komanso kuthekera kowunikiranso gulu lachitatu ndi kufufuza paokha.

Zimadziwika kuti maziko otsegulira otsegulira amagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi imodzi pakupanga madalaivala aumwini, makamaka, amagwiritsidwa ntchito mu nthambi ya beta 515.43.04 yotulutsidwa lero.

Pankhaniyi, malo otsekedwa ndiye nkhokwe yayikulu ndipo maziko a code otseguka adzasinthidwa pa mtundu uliwonse wa madalaivala eni mu mawonekedwe a kutembenuka pambuyo pokonza ndi kuyeretsa. Mbiri yakusintha kwamunthu siinaperekedwe, kudzipereka kwathunthu kwa mtundu uliwonse wa dalaivala (ma code module a driver 515.43.04 akutulutsidwa pano).

Komabe, oimira anthu ammudzi ali ndi mwayi wopereka mafomu kukoka tabu kuti mulimbikitse zosintha zanu ndikusintha ma code code, koma zosinthazi sizidzawonetsedwa ngati kusintha kosiyana m'malo otseguka, koma choyamba zidzaphatikizidwa munkhokwe yayikulu yotsekedwa ndipo pokhapo anasamutsidwa ndi zina zosintha kutsegula. Kutenga nawo mbali pachitukuko kumafuna kusaina pangano la kusamutsa maufulu a umwini wa code yotumizidwa ku NVIDIA (Contributor License Agreement).

Khodi ya moduli ya kernel imagawidwa m'magawo awiri: zigawo zomwe sizimangiriridwa pamakina ogwiritsira ntchito, ndi gawo lolumikizirana ndi kernel ya Linux. Kuti muchepetse nthawi yoyika, zida zofananira zimaperekedwabe m'madalaivala a NVIDIA ngati fayilo ya binary yomwe idasonkhanitsidwa kale, ndipo wosanjikiza amasonkhanitsidwa pamakina aliwonse, poganizira mtundu waposachedwa wa kernel ndi kasinthidwe komwe kulipo. Ma module a kernel otsatirawa aperekedwa: nvidia.ko, nvidia-drm.ko (Direct Rendering Manager), nvidia-modeset.ko, ndi nvidia-uvm.ko (Unified Video Memory).

La kuthandizira mndandanda wa GeForce ndi ma GPU ogwirira ntchito amaonedwa ngati mtundu wa alpha, koma ma GPU odzipatulira otengera kamangidwe ka NVIDIA Turing ndi NVIDIA Ampere omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito mu Data Center for Parallel Computing and Data Acceleration (CUDA) amathandizidwa mokwanira, amayesedwa mokwanira, ndipo ndi oyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito m'mabizinesi. kupanga (gwero lotseguka tsopano lakonzeka kusintha oyendetsa eni ake).

kukhazikika Thandizo la GeForce ndi GPU pazogwirira ntchito zakonzedwa kuti zidzamasuliridwe mtsogolo. Pamapeto pake, mulingo wa kukhazikika kwa maziko otseguka udzabweretsedwa ku boma la madalaivala eni ake.

M'mawonekedwe ake apano, kuphatikiza ma module osindikizidwa mu kernel yayikulu sikutheka, chifukwa samakwaniritsa zofunikira za kernel pakupanga kalembedwe ndi zomangamanga, koma Nvidia akufuna kugwira ntchito limodzi ndi Canonical, Red Hat ndi SUSE kuthetsa vutoli ndikukhazikitsa mawonekedwe owongolera mapulogalamu. Kuphatikiza apo, nambala yotulutsidwa itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kupititsa patsogolo driver wotsegulira wa Nouveau, yemwe amagwiritsa ntchito firmware yomweyo ya GPU ngati dalaivala wake.

potsiriza ngati muli ndikufuna kudziwa zambiri za izo, mutha kuwona zambiri mu ulalo wotsatirawu.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

Khalani oyamba kuyankha

Siyani ndemanga yanu

Anu email sati lofalitsidwa.

*

*

  1. Wotsogolera pazosankhazi: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Cholinga cha deta: Control SPAM, kasamalidwe ka ndemanga.
  3. Kukhazikitsa: Kuvomereza kwanu
  4. Kulumikizana kwa zomwe zafotokozedwazo: Zomwezo siziziwululidwa kwa anthu ena kupatula pakukakamizidwa mwalamulo.
  5. Zosunga: Zosungidwa ndi Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Ufulu: Nthawi iliyonse mutha kuchepetsa, kuchira ndikuchotsa zidziwitso zanu.