Xorg vs. Wayland vs. Mir

indlela-vs-mir Isihloko seendaba sithetha konke. I-X11 ibiyinkqubo esemgangathweni yokunxibelelana noXorg amashumi eminyaka., ukongeza kolunye uphunyezo lwe X Window System. Inguqulelo yayo yokuqala yavela ngo-2004 kwaye ukusukela ngoko ifakiwe kulwabiwo oluphambili lweLinux, ezinje ngeDebian, Gentoo Linux, Fedora, Slackware, openSUSE, Mandriva, Cygwin / X kwaye kunjalo Ubuntu. Ngaphandle kokusebenza ngokugqibeleleyo, iXorg yenzelwe ngaphezulu kweshumi leminyaka elidlulileyo kwaye ukusukela ngoko kuye kwakho uphuculo oluninzi kwindawo yokuhanjiswa. Ngokuqinisekileyo, zonke izinto zescreen ezinje ngeewindows, amaqhosha okanye iifonti azisafunwa kwiseva (indlela ekufuneka uyibonisile) ngabathengi (ekufuneka ubonise ntoni), ukuya kwimodeli apho le yokugqibela ifumana lonke udumo. Sihlalutya esidala Xorg kunye nezinye iindlela eziza kwenzeka kwikamva, Wayland kunye neMir, kwinqaku apho izimvo kunye nezimvo zivulekile. I-Xorg ibiluphumezo oluphambili lwe-X-Window kwi-GNU / Linux amashumi eminyaka, kodwa inkqubo yakudala eyayisekwe kuyo itshintshe kakhulu kude kube lixesha langoku, iphantse yanyamalala ngokupheleleyo. Imodeli yangoku ixhomekeke ikakhulu kubathengi, apho bathumela khona imvakik okanye imifanekiso epheleleyo yesikrini ngokuchasene neseva Bonise nomphathi wefestile, zombini zidibanisa koko kuboniswe kumsebenzisi. Kuhleli ke ukuzibuza, yeyiphi indima eshiyekileyo kuXorg kule meko ukuba ayingomthengisi phakathi kwezi zimbini zingasentla. Ukongeza ukubandakanya olunye uluhlu ngaphandle kwemisebenzi yokwenyani, kubandakanya ukwehla okwendalo kuso nasiphi na isicelo kunye nenqaku elinye ngaphezulu ekufuneka likhuselekile ngaphakathi kwenkqubo, kuba isicelo simamela naliphi na igalelo kwaye samkela izicelo ezivela kwabanye abathengi befestile. Ukuqhawuka kwiprothokholi yeX11 kunye nokuqala ngaphezulu kubonakala ngathi licebo elilungileyo kwaye ke umbono we I-Wayland, umthetho olandelwayo kunye nethala leencwadi yeenkqubo zeLinux ezavelayo, ngo-2010, njengesicelo esiya kusebenza kwiUbunye bexesha elizayo Ukongeza, yacetyiswa njengomgangatho wamaqonga eselfowuni asebenzisa inkqubo yokusebenza kwe-Ubuntu, Ubuntu bokubamba.wayland

Umzekelo wokubonisa ngeWayland

Kuyo yonke le minyaka, abantu beCanonical babonakalisile iinjongo zabo zokuxhasa ngokupheleleyo esi sicelo kulwabiwo lwabo, kodwa inyani kukuba nanamhlanje khange ikwazi ukuthatha ngokupheleleyo. Ngapha koko, iinguqulelo zokuqala ze-Ubuntu Touch zisebenzise iSurfaceFlinger, i-Android's graphical server, ukwenza umsebenzi wokunikezela kwaye, Kwiinguqulelo zamva nje, i-Mir ibeyinjini eyilelwe ukuqhuba kulo lonke uhlelo lwe-Ubuntu yokusebenza, ngokuthe ngcembe endaweni yezimbini sele zikhankanyiwe. Uluvo oluphambili alulahlekangaUkuphelisa umaleko ophakathi kuthetha ukwanda kwindlela yokusebenza kwenkqubo kuba idatha encinci kufuneka iqondiswe kubathengi abachaphazelekayo kwaye oku kuthetha ukwanda okukhulu kukhuseleko lwezixhobo. IWayland ayifuni nomqhubi wemizobo ye-2D, ngokungafaniyo neXorg ene-DDX kuba yonke into yenziwa kwicala lomthengi, iphinda isebenzise abaqhubi be-DRM / KMS ukubonisa iziphumo zokugqibela zomfanekiso. i

Umzekelo wokubonakalisa ngeMir

UMir akacingi umahluko omkhulu wento efunwa yiWayland, Ngaphandle kokusebenzisa umthetho olandelwayo kunye nokusebenzisa ii-API zayo. Nangona kunjalo icacile ku-Ubuntu kunye noManyano 8, ezo zombini ziluncedo, ngenxa yoyilo lwazo olwenziweyo, kunye nokusilela, njengoko ingenakufakwa kwezinye iincasa zeLinux. Inkqubo ye- beta yakutshanje kukhutshwa Ubuntu 16.10 (Yakketi Yak) iza nohlaziyo lweMir, ekwenzelwe ukuba isebenze ngcono phantsi kwabaqhubi bekhadi leNvidia.

Ngalo lonke olu lwazi, ingxoxo mpikiswano kuyasetyenzwa: Ngaba uMir uza kufumana inkxaso epheleleyo kwiCanonical okanye iya kuhlala kunye neWayland? Liza kuba liphi ikamva le seva yesibini? Ngaba ziya kuba ziiprojekthi eziya kuthi zixhaswe ngokudibeneyo ukufikelela kwinjongo enye efanayo?


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo ezi-6, shiya ezakho

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  1.   ipere sitsho

    Kubonakala kugqibelele kum ukuba Ubuntu ukhethe ukusebenzisa nokuphuhlisa i-MIR. Kodwa nceda uyeke ukuhlasela i-Wayland ngeengxoxo zobuchwephesha ezingachanekanga ngcono. I-Wayland sele isetyenzisiwe kumaqonga ahambayo anje ngeSailfish okanye iTizen. Kwimeko ye-Sailfish, uJolla wasungula ifowuni ngo-2013. Kwelinye icala, i KDE, iGnome kunye nokuKhanyisela ezintathu ze desktops ezisetyenzisiweyo ziya kusebenzisa iWayland. Kwi-KDE, namhlanje sele kunokwenzeka ukuqhuba iseshoni phantsi kwe-wayland ngendlela ezinzileyo (ndiyazi kuba ndiyenzile). I-GNome ibhengeze ukuba iyakuba yi-wayland ngokungagqibekanga kuhlobo lwayo olulandelayo. Ke uyabona, iWayland ikude nokuba ibe yiprojekthi "ebuyela umva".
    Esona sizathu sokuba i-Canonical inayo yokuphuhlisa i-MIR kukuba nolawulo olupheleleyo kwitekhnoloji. Ilungile ngokupheleleyo. Kodwa endaweni yokutsiba izixhobo zakhe ngokudyobha i-Wayland, kuya kufuneka azinikele ekuphuhliseni i-MIR kunye nokuhlangana okungapheliyo.

    1.    Iifleet sitsho

      Kodwa phi kweli nqaku i-Wayland ihlaselwa? Ayisiyomsebenzi ulindelweyo, ngakumbi kuba iCanonical iwushiye kwiMir. Okwangoku, bobabini babonakala ngathi kusekude ekutshintsheni iXorg yakudala.

  2.   q3s sitsho

    "Peret" Andicingi ukuba nabani na uhlasela nabani na, ngokulula umbhali wanika umbono wakhe .. Uya kuba neyakho, yabelane nabanye kwaye masenze (abafundi) baqonde inqanaba leeprojekthi! Enkosi ngenqaku!

  3.   UJorge Romero sitsho

    Mmmmm
    Kodwa uninzi lolwabiwo luya kusebenzisa i-Wayland njengeFedora okanye i-Opensuse (ndiyayisebenzisa), iArch kunye nezinye izinto ezivela kuyo.
    Kwaye kuya kufuneka uthathele ingqalelo abaqhubi bamakhadi emizobo kufuneka baziqhelanise nomgaqo kwaye ngokuqinisekileyo iya kuba yiWayland

    I-Mir sisicwangciso nje sentengiso

  4.   g sitsho

    Ayinamsebenzi ukuba nje zombini ziyasebenza