Inguqulelo entsha ye-OpenBGPD 6.7p0 sele ikhutshiwe kwaye olu lutshintsho lwayo

Abaphuhlisi be-OpenBSD bakhutshiwe kwiintsuku ezininzi ezidlulileyo ukumiliselwa kwe Inguqulelo entsha ephathekayo yendlela yendlela I-OpenBGPD 6.7 ephawuleka ngokuba nakho ukusetyenziswa kwiinkqubo ezisebenzayo ngaphandle kwe-OpenBSD kwaye Ikuvumela ukuba usebenzise ikhompyuter yenjongo ngokubanzi njenge-router.

I-OpenBGPD yidemon yeUnix ezisebenzisa, ngesoftware yasimahla, uguqulelo lwe-4 lweProtocol yeGate Gateway kwaye enkosi kulo matshini unokutshintsha iindlela kunye nezinye iinkqubo ezisebenzisa iBGP. Ukuqinisekisa ukuphatheka, iinxalenye zekhowudi ezivela kwi-OpenNTPD, OpenSSH kunye neeprojekthi zeLibreSSL zisetyenzisiwe. Ukongeza kwi-OpenBSD, ibhengeze inkxaso yeLinux kunye neFreeBSD.

Malunga ne-OpenBGPD

Le suite yaphuhliswa njengenye indlela yeephakeji ezinje ngeQuagga, ilayisenisi ye-Linux esekwe kwindlela yokuhamba engahambelani neemfuno zeprojekthi kunye nemigangatho yomgangatho.

Iinjongo zoyilo ze-OpenBGPD zibandakanya ukukhuseleka, ukuthembeka kunye nokukhanya ngokwaneleyo kubasebenzisi abaninzi, zombini ngobukhulu kunye nokusetyenziswa kwememori.

Ulwimi loqwalaselo kufuneka lube namandla kwaye lusebenziseke lula. Kuya kufuneka ikwazi ukusingatha ngokukhawuleza amawaka amawaka amangeniso etafile ngendlela efanelekileyo yememori.

Ukuphuhliswa kwe-OpenBGPD ixhaswa ngumbhalisi we-Intanethi wengingqi iRIPE NCC, onomdla wokwenza ukusebenza kweOpenBGPD kulungele ukusetyenziswa kwiseva zokuhambisa indawo kwiindawo zonxibelelwano (IXPs) kunye nokwenza enye indlela epheleleyo kwiphakheji ye-BIRD (kwezinye iindlela ezivulekileyo zokuphunyezwa komgaqo we-BGP ukhankanya i-FRRouting, Iiprojekthi zeGoBGP, i-ExaBGP kunye ne-Bio-Routing).

Xa usenza i-OpenBGPD, injongo kukuqinisekisa kwelona nqanaba liphezulu lokhuseleko kunye nokuthembeka. Ukukhusela, ukuqinisekiswa okungqongqo kokuchaneka kwazo zonke iiparameter kusetyenziswa iindlela zokubek'esweni ukuthotyelwa kwemida yesixhobo, ukwahlulwa kwamalungelo kunye nokuthintela ukufikelela kwiifowuni zenkqubo.

Phakathi kwezinto eziluncedo ikwayi syntax elula yolwimi lokumisela, kunyel Ukusebenza okuphezulu kunye nokusebenza kwememori (umzekelo, i-OpenBGPD inokusebenza ngeetafile zendlela ezibandakanya amakhulu amawaka angeniso).

Iprojekthi ixhasa uninzi lweenkcukacha ze-BGP 4 kwaye iyahambelana neemfuno ze-RFC8212, kodwa ayizami ukwamkela ubukhulu kwaye ubukhulu becala ixhasa ezona zinto zidumileyo neziqhelekileyo.

Yintoni entsha kwi-OpenBGPD 6.7?

Kule nguqulo intsha inikwe Inkxaso yokuqala yokuphuma kweJSON kwishishini le-bgpctl, ngaphandle kwale kwi-bgpctl, umyalelo 'wokubonisa ummelwane' uyanda ebonisa izixhobo zokubala kunye nezimaphambili, kunye nexabiso eliqingqiweyo "isimaphambili esiphuma ngaphandle".

Olunye utshintsho kukuba Umdibaniso ochanekileyo weetafile ze-ROA (Ugunyaziso lomthombo wendlela) kunye nesimaphambili / isibini somthombo njengakwinto enexabiso elide 'maxlen', ngelixa kwi-bgpd.conf i-IPv4 kunye ne-IPv6 iidilesi zinokuqwalaselwa ngaxeshanye kumyalelo wedilesi yendawo kwiibhloko "zeqela".

Olunye utshintsho:

  • Ipropathi "max-prefix {NUM} out" yongezwe kwi-bgpd.conf ukunciphisa inani lezimaphambili ezibhengeziweyo ukunqanda ukuvuza kwetafile zonke;
  • Izaziso zibandakanya ulwazi malunga nonobangela weempazamo ezihleliweyo. Umyalelo "we-bgpctl bonisa ummelwane" ubonelela ngesiphumo sempazamo yokugqibela efunyenweyo;
  • Ukusebenza ngokuchanekileyo "kokuphinda ulayishe kwakhona", izimaphambili ezingasasebenziyo ziphawulwe kwitafile ye-Adj-RIB-Out, egcina ulwazi malunga neendlela ezikhethwe ngumzila we-BGP wasekhaya ukubhengeza iindlela ezizizo koontanga;
  • Yongeze amandla okwakha i-OpenBGPD usebenzisa iphakheji ye-bison parser ngaphandle kokubakho kwe-byacc;
  • Ukongezwa kokhetho "-runstatedir", apho unokumisela khona indlela eya ku-bgpctl.sock;
  • Iskripthi sokusetha sicocekile ukuphucula ukuphatheka.

Okokugqibela, kwabo banomdla kule nguqulo, kufuneka bayazi loo nto Sele ihlolwe kwi-Debian 9, Ubuntu 14.04+, kunye ne-FreeBSD 12.

Ukuba ufuna ukufumana iipakeji okanye ufunde okungakumbi ngayo, unokujonga iwebhusayithi esemthethweni. Ikhonkco yile. 


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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