Ungazikhusela njani kwiLinux

Defrag ibhena kwi-linux

Nangona bekuhleli kukho amarhe ajikeleze ezo nkqubo zefayile yeLinux, esekwe ikakhulu kwiinguqulelo ze kwandisa okanye ezinye iinkqubo ezine iphephancwadi NjengeJFS, ZFS, XFS okanye iReiserFS, azifuni kuchaswa, kuyinyani ukuba ekuhambeni kwexesha Ukusebenza kwayo kuya kucotha ngenxa yokusasazeka kwedatha. Nangona impembelelo yayo ingaze ibaluleke kangako kwiinkqubo ze-FAT kunye ne-NTFS, yinto esinokuyisombulula ngokulula ngaphakathi kwinkqubo ukuba sisebenzisa isixhobo esifana nesi e4defrag.

I-E4defrag sisixhobo esifumaneka kuninzi losasazo lweLinux, kubandakanya Ubuntu, ngaphakathi kwephakheji Inkqubo e2fs. Zininzi ezinye ezisebenza ngendlela efanayo, kodwa sikhethe oku ukwenzela ukuba kube lula ukuyisebenzisa. Ukuze uyifake ngaphakathi kwenkqubo yethu, kufuneka kuphela ukubhenela lo mthetho ulandelayo:

sudo apt-get install e2fsprogs

Nje ukuba iphakheji ifakiwe, sinokucela usetyenziso kumgca wokuyalela ngokwenza le ngxelo ilandelayo:

sudo e4defrag -c

Ngenxa yoko siya kufumana umfanekiso ofana nale ilandelayo ebonisa ixabiso lokuqhekeka kweyunithi yethu. Ukuba eli nani lifikelela kumanqaku aphezulu kunama-30 iyakuba njalo Kuyacetyiswa ukuba uzame ukuyinciphisa usebenzisa into eluncedo into esiyibonisileyo, kwaye ukuba ingaphezulu kwexabiso lama-56 kuyakufuneka ukuba kuthathwe amanyathelo ngokukhawuleza okukhulu.

Jonga usetyenziso lwe-e4defrag

Ukwaphula umthetho iyunithi kufuneka sisebenzise isicelo ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:

sudo e4defrag /ruta

Okanye le enye ukuba sifuna ukwenza sonke isixhobo:

sudo e4defrag /dev/device

Njengesiqhelo, siyakukhumbuza ukuba Uyacetyiswa ukuba ungazidibanisi izixhobo okanye ukuqhuba kwindlela yakho oza kusebenza ngayo nale nto okanye efanayo ukunqanda inkohliso yedatha.

Okokugqibela, okanyeSiyakukhuthaza ukuba ushiye izimvo zakho kwaye usixelele ukuba sithini Esi sicelo sisebenze kakuhle kuwe kwaye ukuba uqaphele naluphi na uphuculo kwiikhompyuter zakho emva kokuyiqhuba.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo ezi-18, shiya ezakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   UAlicia Nicole San sitsho

    kuzuzwa ntoni ngokubamba loo nto !!! isantya okanye into?

    1.    ULuis Gomez sitsho

      Molo u-Alicia, ewe, indawo yedatha yenza ukuba kudlule ngokufanayo intloko yediski ithathe ulwazi oluza kusetyenziswa kamva kwaye ke amaphepha ememori aza kusetyenziswa ayabethwa. Oku kuguqulela kwisantya esiphezulu.

  2.   UAlicia nicole san sitsho

    Ndingabukhupha njani ubuntu bam ukuba sisixhobo esisetyenziswayo? Ithi kufuneka idilizwe, andiqondi

    1.    ULuis Gomez sitsho

      Sawubona u-Alicia, uphonononge umyalelo wokuhlawula kwaye uwusebenzise kwidrive okanye isixhobo oza kuthi uzichaze. Umzekelo oqhelekileyo wokunyuka kunye neCDROM: umount / dev / cdrom.

      A ubingelele.

  3.   I-RioHam Gutierrez Rivera sitsho

    KwiWindows, ukuzikhusela kunceda ukufumana iifayile ngokukhawuleza. Khawufane ucinge ishelufu egcwele iincwadi, zizonke. Ukususa enye kushiya isithuba. Oko kwenzeka kwi-hard drive xa sicima ifayile. Oku kunesiphumo sokuba inkqubo icothe kancinci ngenxa yokuba ichitha ixesha lokukhangela, nakwizikhewu. Ukuphazamiseka kukusebenzela ukuqokelela ulwazi kwaye kungabinanto. Kwi-Linux ayibangeli mpembelelo intle kwiWindows. Kodwa inokuba ilungile ukuba kudala siyisebenzisa.

  4.   UAlicia Nicole San sitsho

    oh ... Ndiyakuva enkosi. ukuba ndinolwazi oluthile kodwa kwiifestile. kodwa kwi-linux iyandibamba ngokukhawuleza okukhulu kune-linux .. nokuba ngaphezulu kwexesha iyabamba kancinci ayithandi ii-windos ngoku ndiyicotha kakhulu ndicinga ukuba yile nto i-eindoes 🙂 ndiyifakileyo idiski win kunye ne-linux. Enkosi ngolwazi

  5.   fedu sitsho

    Ndinememori ye-kingston usb 3.0 Le bendiyisebenzisa ukufaka ubuntu, kodwa ngenye imini andazi ukuba kwenzeke ntoni, ukuba ibikukususa imemori ngaphandle kokuyihlisa okanye andazi kodwa ukusukela ngala mhla "funda kuphela" kwaye ukusukela ngoko ndiye ndahambahamba emaphepheni ukuze ndibone ukuba ndingayifumana na le nkumbulo (kuba isantya esiphezulu usb 3) kodwa akukho nto, njengoko besitsho eSpain «na de na», ngaba ukhona umntu okwaziyo ukulungisa Ngaba, okanye ubuncinci uchaze indlela yokuthintela oku ukuba kungenzeki kwakhona?

    1.    URowland Rojas sitsho

      Ngaba ukhe wazama ukucima idatha yakho ngeGparted?

    2.    dextreart sitsho

      Zininzi iindlela onokuthi usebenzise usetyenziso olufakelweyo olubizwa ngokuba ziiDiski eziVulekileyo kwaye uye kwi-usb ekuyo kwaye uyinike i-fomat, enye inketho iya kuba kukugqibela

  6.   UMiguel Angel Santamaría Rogado sitsho

    Molo Luis,

    Ndiyaxolisa ukukuxelela ukuba eli nqaku belingacacanga ncam.

    Kwelinye icala, ayiloxesha elibangela ukwahlukana kwiinkqubo zefayile, kodwa iipatheni zokusetyenziswa: ukwenza amawaka eefayile ezincinci kwaye ngokungacwangciswanga ucime ezinye, ubhale iifayile ezinkulu kakhulu kancinci kancinci, njl. kunye nenqanaba lokuhlala kwinkqubo yefayile, ukusetyenziswa okungaphezulu kwe-90% kukhankanyiwe njengendawo apho inkqubo yefayile ingakwaziyo ukunciphisa ukwahlulwa (nangona ndingazange ndibone inkcazo ngokusesikweni ye-90%).

    Kwelinye icala, imiyalelo oyibekileyo itshintshiwe: "e4defrag -c / path" ibonisa ulwazi (count) malunga nokuqhekeka kwaye "e4defrag / path" yenza defragmentation.

    Ukugqiba, ndishiya apha [1] inqaku elichaza ngokulula isihloko esintsokothileyo njengaleyo yokwahluka kwenkqubo yefayile; Ivela ngo-2006 kwaye ayikhankanyi ulwakhiwo okanye iindlela ezinje nge "extents" okanye ukonakaliswa kwe-Intanethi, kodwa kulula ukuyiqonda.

    Ukubulisa

    I-PS: Ngaphandle nje kokufuna ukwazi, ukubonisa ukuba emva konyaka kunye nesiqingatha sokusetyenziswa kwaye ngaphandle kokuchithwa kwalo naluphi na uhlobo, inkqubo yam ine-brand entsha ye-0% kwi-79% yokusetyenziswa (Ubuntu 14.04).

    [Mbini]: http://geekblog.oneandoneis2.org/index.php/2006/08/17/why_doesn_t_linux_need_defragmenting

    1.    ULuis Gomez sitsho

      Molo Miguel Ángel, kuqala, enkosi ngenqaku. Ndiguqula isigwebo ngoku. Njengoko ubonisile, iipateni zokusetyenziswa nangaphambi koko, ukhetho lweklasta okanye ubungakanani bebhloko, ziya kuthi kamva zikule meko yokuziphatha kwiiyunithi. Njengoko kungabonakali ukuba siza kuba neefayile ezininzi ezincinci okanye iifayile ezimbalwa kunye nezinkulu kwiyunithi yethu, ixabiso elisisiseko elilawulwa yinkqubo lihlala lithathwa.

      Kwelinye icala, bonisa ukuba inzuzo yokuqhekeka ayisiyiyo kangako kulungelelwaniso lolwazi ngokulandelelana kolandelwa lulwazi. Zincinci iintloko zediski ekufuneka zitsibe, kokukhona siya kufumana isantya (kwaye ngokubanzi kwenzeka ngeefayile ezinkulu kunye neebhloko ngokulandelelana kunezona zininzi zibekwe ngokungaqhelekanga kwidiski).

      Enkosi ngokusifunda.

  7.   zytumj sitsho

    Zizonke / ezona ziphumo zingcono 276635/270531
    Ubungakanani obumiselweyo ngokomyinge wama-252 KB
    Amanqaku okwahlulahlula i-0
    [0-30 akukho ngxaki: 31-55 liqhekezwe kancinci: i-56- ifuna ukuzikhusela]
    Olu lawulo (/) aludingi kuchaswa.
    Yenziwe.
    --------------
    Ikhompyuter imalunga neminyaka emi-3 ubudala, ayimbi kwaphela, akunjalo?
    I-LinuxMint 17.2

    1.    UMiguel Angel Santamaría Rogado sitsho

      Molo zytumj,

      Ukuqhekeka yinto engekhoyo ngesiqhelo kwiinkqubo zeefayile ezisetyenziswa kwiLinux, "bacingelwa" ukuyiphepha.

      Akufanelekanga ukuphazamiseka kwiLinux, ezi zixhobo zibaluleke kakhulu xa ufuna ukwenza uhlobo oluthile lokuphinda ulungelelanise izahlulelo, ukuze ungabinazo iifayile ekupheleni kwesahlulelo esingakuvumeliyo ukuba utshintshe. ubungakanani.

      Ukubulisa

      I-PS: Khange ndiyikhankanye ngaphambili kwaye inqaku alinalo, kodwa ukuba unayo idiski ye-SSD, ukuyichaza yinkcitha xesha nokuba yeyiphi na inkqubo oyisebenzisayo.

  8.   zytumj sitsho

    Enkosi Miguel Ángel.
    Hayi, ndisebenzisa idiski yendabuko. Kwangokunjalo, xa ndandiqala nge-GNU / Linux emva ngo-2008, ndandisele ndikhangele indlela yokuzikhusela kwaye ndafunda ukuba bekungeyomfuneko.

    1.    Ijelo alaziwa sitsho

      Ukusukela ukuba bachukumisa umxholo weefayile ezisasazwe kulwahlulelo kwaye kucingelwa ukuba lwenza ukunciphisa isahlulelo. Ndibonisile ukuba ukusebenzisa usetyenziso lwegrafiki njenge Defraggler okanye enye evela windows Izahlulo ze-NTFS kwi-HDD, amaxesha amaninzi azinakho ukuzikhusela ngokwaneleyo, kwaye xa zisenza, kusenokubakho iifayile ezishiyekileyo ekupheleni kwesahlulelo.
      Ndiyazibuza ukuba ngaba kwiLinux kunokubakho i-0% yokwahlulwahlulwa kwesahlulo se-Ext4, kodwa kukho iifayile ezisekupheleni kwesahlulelo, oko kukuthi, ukuya embindini akukho ndawo.

      Ndicinga ukuba, eyona nto ilungileyo yokugcina idatha kwisahlulelo, kukuba idatha igcinwe isiya embindini wesahlulelo esingaphandle. Ingaba ucinga ntoni?

  9.   ULeonpardo sitsho

    Mholo. Ndingasichitha njani isahlulo se-NTFS okanye i-FAT32? Enkosi

  10.   UPatrick sitsho

    Molweni nonke! Kudala ndisebenzisa Ubuntu iminyaka kwaye khange ithathe xesha lide, ndiyayithanda. Imizuzwana eli-10 ukuqala kwaye 3 ukucima. Ndiyabulisa!

  11.   Elianne sitsho

    Ndisebenza nabashicileli abathathu kwaye akukho nanye kwezi zintathu ndinokuyifaka ku-Ubuntu 20.04, sele ndikhuphele abaqhubi kulowo nalowo kubo. ipc intsha kwaye ubuntu busanda kufakwa. Nge-pc yangaphambili ebendiyilahlile kuba khange iqale (initramsf) kwaye akukho mntu wakwaziyo ukuyilungisa, bobathathu abaprinta basebenze kakuhle. abashicileli zimbini epson kunye hp enye.
    lsb ayikho kubuntu 20.04