Ungazifaka njani iipakeji ku-Ubuntu ngesandla

Ungazifaka njani iipakeji ku-Ubuntu ngesandla

Kudala sithetha ngendlela faka iiphakheji kunye neenkqubo ngokugcina, Iiphakheji zedeb, ukusuka kwiipakeji ze-rpm, ukusuka kwi-PPA's okanye ngokulula kwiinkqubo ezinje ngeSynaptic okanye iZiko leSoftware Ubuntu, kodwa asikhange sithethe ngendlela yokufaka inkqubo ngokusebenzisa ikhowudi yemvelaphi. Olu fakelo lonakele kakhulu, kodwa lolona lwanelisayo kuba, njengomgaqo jikelele, lolona luhambelana kakuhle nenkqubo yethu yokusebenza, kumatshini wethu. Ukwenza olu fakelo, konke ekufuneka sikwenzile kukukhuphela iphakheji exinzelelweyo ephantse ibe luhlobo olo tar.gz okanye gz, yintoni le inekhowudi yenkqubo kwaye ukusuka apha yenza iifayile.

Zeziphi iimfuno zenkqubo endizifunayo ukufaka iipakeji ngesandla?

Ngokudabukisayo, Ubuntu, njengezinye iinkqubo ezisekwe kwi-Debian, ayinazo zonke ezifakiweyo iinkqubo ezifunekayo ukuqulunqa. Iphakheji ebandakanya uninzi lwezixhobo ayifakwanga ngokomgangatho, ke kuya kufuneka ufake iphakheji ngesandla. Ewe, ukuqokelela iphakheji ngokwethu kuya kufuneka siyenze le nto kwisiphelo sendlela:

Sudo apt-get ukufaka eyakha-eyimfuneko yokwenza i-cmake fakeroot yokukhangela ukufaka i-dpatch patchutils i-autotools-dev debhelper quilt xutils lintian dh-yenza libtool autoconf git-core

Oku kuyakwenza ukuba Ubuntu ifake phantse zonke iinkqubo eziyimfuneko ukuze ikwazi ukwenza ikhowudi kwaye ngokongeza ikwazi ukufaka iiphakheji ngesandla.

Siyenza njani inkqubo ngokwethu?

Nje ukuba senze amanyathelo angaphambili, sivula i-terminal kwaye siye kwifolda yomthombo wekhowudi. Into yokuqala ekufuneka siyenzile kukubona ifayile «FAKA»Oko phantse zonke iinkqubo zizisa, ezinye ziyenza«Readme«. Njengomgaqo ngokubanzi, ukuqokelela kuya kufuneka sibhale oku kulandelayo

./configure

enza

ukwenza ukufaka

./program

zenze nyulu

Nangona, kwifayile Funda okanye FAKA Iiphakheji eziyimfuneko kunye nendlela yokufaka inkqubo ziya kuza ngokweenkcukacha. Ndiyabayalela ./configure kwaye wenze Baphethe uxanduva lokumisela kunye nokwenza ipakeji yenkqubo. Umyalelo ukwenza ukufaka faka into eyenziweyo kunye nayo ./ siqhuba inkqubo. Emva koko umyalelo zenze nyulu unakekela ukucoca iifayile ezingeyomfuneko ezenziwe ngexesha lofakelo. La ngamanyathelo afanelekileyo okuqulunqa inkqubo, kodwa ngamanye amaxesha kuyimfuneko ukufakela ilayibrari okanye iphakheji yofakelo lokusebenza. Okokugqibela, qaphela ukuba nangona ufakelo lungcono, ukufakela kancinci, oko kukuthi, ukufaka iipakeji ngesandla kuxhomekeke kwikhowudi yemithombo kunye namandla kumatshini, ke inkqubo inokuthatha iiyure okanye imizuzu. Kungenxa yoko le nto kucetyiswa ukuba ukwenze ngexesha nakwiikhompyuter ezinamandla, nangona le ndlela yokufaka iipakeji inokwenziwa nakweyiphi na ikhompyuter.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   UGerson sitsho

    Kwenzekile kum ukuba ndiphantsi kwefayile tar.gz okanye tar.bz2 okanye efanayo, kwaye xa usenza ./configure indiphosa ngempazamo; Ndijonge ukufaka okanye ukuFunda kwaye uninzi aluyizisi, kodwa ukuba ndichukumisa inkqubo evulekileyo, ingathi ilaptop iyakhuphela kodwa amaxesha amaninzi ndifuna ukuyifaka kwaye khange ndikwazi .
    Yenziwa njani kwezo meko?

  2.   UJoaquin Garcia sitsho

    Molo Gerson, ungandixelela iphakheji okanye inkqubo ofuna ukuyisebenzisa. Ukusuka kwinto oyithethayo, into oyikhuphelileyo yipasile eqokelelweyo okanye ekulungele ukusetyenziswa, eyinto eyahlukileyo kunokufaka kwikhowudi yomthombo. Kodwa kuqala bendifuna ukuqinisekisa. Enkosi ndicela uxolo ngokungalunganga.

  3.   fosco_ sitsho

    Mhlawumbi inqaku kufuneka libizwe ngokuba "Ungaziqokelela njani iinkqubo ku-Ubuntu", xa ubona ufakelo olusebenzayo lweephakeji bendicinga ukuba uza kuthetha nge-dpkg -i package

  4.   UJose Manuel Benedito sitsho

    Molo Joaquin
    Enkosi kakhulu ngokuya kwibhlog yakho. Ndicinga ukuba kuhle, kwaye ndiyabulela ngaloo nto.
    Ndifuna ukukubuza malunga nokufakwa kwenkqubo (iWarzone, umzekelo), ngohlobo lokudityaniswa (ndicinga ukuba ibizwa njalo) ebuzwa nguGerson, kuba ndizamile ukwenza le nto uyithethayo, kodwa andiyenzi ' t uyayiqonda ngokwenene ukuba yenziwa njani, kunye namanyathelo okuba umntu ofunda ukufunda…. Inyani yile yokuba ndenza izinto ezithile kwisiphelo sendlela, kodwa bendizama ukwenza ezi zinto okwexeshana kwaye andifumananga nkcazo ineenkcukacha, njengakwiklasi…. Ungayenza?

    Ukusukela ngoku ndiyabulela kwaye ndifumana umbuliso omnandi

    UJosé Manuel

  5.   Marco sitsho

    Molo, igama lam ndinguMarco, ndingathanda ukufunda malunga neLinux world, ndine-Ubuntu 13.10 kodwa kunzima kakhulu ukuba ndiyiphathe, ukufaka into kunzima, kuba kwinkqubo nganye indixelela ukuba le okanye loo phakheji ilahlekile. Enkosi

  6.   UJoseph Lamb sitsho

    Umzalwana waseGeniaaallll, bendikulindele oko. Kunzima ukuyifumana icacisiwe kwaye ke u-sooo unombulelo. Impumelelo yentliziyo yakho

  7.   UJuan David sitsho

    Mva kwemini, ndizamile ukufaka le nkqubo emnyama-3.0.1.tar.xz khange ndikwazi, ndimtsha ekusebenziseni Ubuntu. Ndiyayixabisa intsebenziswano yakho.