I-Weston 11.0 ifika kunye nokuphuculwa kolawulo lombala, kwi-RDP kunye nokunye

Wayland kunye neWeston

Injongo kaWeston kukubonelela ngesiseko sekhowudi ephezulu kunye nemizekelo yokusebenza yokusebenzisa i-Wayland kwiindawo zedesktop kunye nezisombululo ezifakwe ngaphakathi,

Emva kweenyanga ezisibhozo zophuhliso ukukhululwa kwenguqulelo ezinzileyo kwabhengezwa yomncedisi odibeneyo Weston 11.0, ephuhliswayo ngobuchwephesha obunegalelo ekuveleni kwenkxaso epheleleyo yeprothokholi ye-Wayland ekuKhanyisweni, i-GNOME, i-KDE kunye nezinye iimeko-bume zabasebenzisi.

IWayland inenkqubo (ikakhulu kugqityiwe) kunye nokuphunyezwa kwesalathiso okubizwa ngokuba yiWeston. Ukunikezela, iWeston inokusebenzisa i-OpenGL ES okanye isoftware (ilayibrari ye-pixman). Okwangoku abathengi banqunyelwe kwi-OpenGL ES kunokuba i-OpenGL igcwele kuba "i-libGL isebenzisa i-GLX kunye nakho konke ukuxhomekeka kwe-X." Iprojekthi ikwaphucula iinguqulelo zeGTK + kunye neQt ezinikezela kwiWayland endaweni yeX.

Uphuhliso lwe I-Weston ijolise ekunikezeleni ngesiseko sekhowudi ekumgangatho ophezulu kunye nemizekelo yokusebenza ukusebenzisa iWayland kwimeko yedesktop kunye nezisombululo ezifakwe ngaphakathi.

Iimpawu ezintsha eziphambili zeWeston 11.0

Kolu kukhutshwa okutsha kweWeston 11.0 utshintsho oluphambili kwinombolo yenguqulo ye-Weston kungenxa yotshintsho lwe-ABI oluphula ukuhambelana kokubuyela umva.

Inxalenye zotshintsho ezenziweyo kunye nezo ziphuma eWeston 11.0 ngumsebenzi oqhubekayo kwisiseko solawulo lwemibala evumela ukuguqulwa kombala, ukulungiswa kwe-gamma kunye neeprofayili zombala. Kubandakanya ukukwazi ukuseta iprofayile ye-ICC kwimonitha kwaye ibonise imibala ye-sRGB kuyo. Inkxaso yokutshintsha i-monitor kwimodi ye-HDR nayo yavela, kodwa ukubunjwa komxholo we-HDR akukaphunyezwa.

Olunye utshintsho olwahlukileyo kule nguqulo intsha kukuba inkxaso eyongeziweyo yeprothokholi enye ye-pixel buffer, evumela ukudalwa kwee-buffers ze-pixel enye ezibandakanya amaxabiso amane e-32-bit RGBA. Isebenzisa iprotocol yokubonisa, iseva edibeneyo inokulinganisa i-pixel buffers enye ukwenza imiphezulu enemibala efanayo yobukhulu obungenamkhethe.

Ngaphandle kwayo kwenziwe amalungiselelo ukuphunyezwa kwenye ye ukukhutshwa kwenkxaso elandelayo ukwenzela ukubulawa ngaxeshanye backends ezininzi, umzekelo, kwimveliso nge-KMS kunye ne-RDP.

Kwelinye icala, kukwagxininiswa ukuba i-backend ye-DRM ibeke isiseko senkxaso yexesha elizayo yolungelelwaniso lwe-GPU ezininzi, ukongeza kuphuculo oluninzi ukuxhasa umva we-RDP wokufikelela kude kumxholo wesikrini kunye nomsebenzi wenziwe. ukusebenza kwe-DRM yangasemva.

Olunye utshintsho evelele kule nguqulo intsha:

  • Ukusetyenzwa kwakhona kwe-weston_buffer.
  • Iiplagi ze-cms-static kunye ne-cms-ezinemibala ziye zarhoxiswa.
  • Isusiwe inkxaso yeendawo zokusebenza ezininzi kunye ne-desktop-shell scaling.
  • Isusiwe inkxaso yeprotocol ye wl_shell kwaye endaweni yayo nge xdg-iqokobhe.
  • Isusiwe i-backend ye-fbdev, kufuneka isebenzise umva we-KMS endaweni yoko.
  • Isusiwe i-west-launch, launcher-direct, i-weston-info kunye ne-weston-gears amacandelo kwaye kufuneka usebenzise ilayibrari ye-libsea kunye ne-wayland-info.
  • Ngokungagqibekanga, ipropathi ye-KMS max-bpc icwangcisiwe.
  • Ukuphazamiseka kwenzeka xa imemori ekhululekileyo kwisistim iphelile.

Gqibela ukuba unomdla wokwazi okungakumbi ngayo, ungazijonga iinkcukacha kwi ukulandela ikhonkco.

Uyifaka njani iWeston 11.0 kwi-Ubuntu nakwiziphumo?

Ewe, kwabo banomdla wokukwazi ukufaka le nguqulo intsha yaseWeston, Kuya kufuneka bafakelwe iWayland kwinkqubo yabo.Ukuze siyifake, kufuneka sivule kuphela i-terminal kwaye siza kuchwetheza oku kulandelayo:

pip3 install --user meson

Uyenzile le, ngoku siza kukhuphela ingxelo entsha yeWeston 11.0 ngalo myalelo ulandelayo:

wget https://wayland.freedesktop.org/releases/weston-11.0.0.tar.xz

Sivula umxholo nge:

tar -xvf weston-11.0.0.tar.xz

Singena kwifolda eyenziweyo nge:

cd weston-11.0.0

Kwaye siqhuba ukudityaniswa kunye nokufakwa kunye:

meson build/ --prefix=...

ninja -C build/ install

cd ..

Ekugqibeleni, kuyacetyiswa ukuba uqalise kwakhona ikhompyutha ukuqala ngotshintsho kwiseshoni entsha yomsebenzisi.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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