Uphuculo kwi-interface ye-APT ebhengezwe kwi-Debian 13 kunye ne-Ubuntu 24.10

Umphathi wephakheji ye-APT unojongano olutsha

Nangona iinguqulelo zokuqala zonyaka zokusasazwa okuphambili azikapapashwa, sele sisazi ukuba zeziphi iindaba esinokuzilindela ekupheleni konyaka. Social networks ngoku ibhengeze uphuculo kwi-interface ye-APT kwi-Debian 13 kunye ne-Ubuntu 24.10.

I-APT sisishunqulelo seSixhobo sokuPhakheji esiPhezulu. Esi sisixhobo esisetyenziswa kwiinkqubo ezisekwe kwiDebian ukulawula iipakethe zesoftware.. Yiyo ejongene nomsebenzi wokufaka, ukuhlaziya, kunye nokukhupha iinkqubo. Ukongeza, izenzela ulawulo lokuxhomekeka kwaye ilawula iinguqulelo zeenkqubo ezifakiweyo.

Phakathi kwemisebenzi ye-APT yile:

  • Ukufakela iSoftware eLula: Kuphephe ukukhangela ngesandla kwaye ufake ukuxhomekeka okuyimfuneko kwaye ukulumkise xa bengafumaneki.
  • Uhlaziyo lweSoftwe ngokuzenzekela: Ihlaziya zonke iinkqubo ezifakiweyo kuguqulelo lwamva nje olukhoyo kwiindawo zokugcina ngaphandle kokuba umsebenzisi alinde upapasho lwazo.
  • Ukususwa kweSoftware: I-APT ibika ubukho beepakethe ezingeyomfuneko kwaye ikuvumela ukuba ususe izicelo ngaphandle kokuchaphazela yonke inkqubo
  • Uphendlo lwepakethi:  Umphathi wephakheji ikuvumela ukuba ukhangele iindawo zokugcina zesicelo esithile.
  • Ulawulo lweendawo zokugcina: I-APT inobhaliso lweendidi ezahlukeneyo zogcino, okusivumela ukuba songeze ezinye iindlela kwaye sicime ezo singasazidingi.

Babhengeze ukuphuculwa kwe-interface ye-APT. Zezi

Uphuculo lwaba kwaziswa ngunjineli weCanonical kunye nomphuhlisi we-APT uJulian Andrés Klode kwiakhawunti yakhe ye-Linkedin kunye Siza kukwazi ukuvavanya kungekudala kwi-Debian engazinzanga kunye nokusasazwa okusekwe kuyo njengo-Ubuntu 24.10. Kwabo bakhetha inguqulelo ezinzileyo yeDebian, eyokuqala ukuba nayo iya kuba yinguqulo ye-13 Trixie eya kufika phakathi konyaka ozayo.

Phakathi kwezilungiso esiya kuzibona kwi-APT 3.0 ujongano lomsebenzisi Umelo usebenzisa imiqolo eyenza uphendlo lwamagama empahla ngokukhawuleza. Ukongeza, imibala efana nebomvu yento eza kucinywa kwaye eluhlaza kolunye utshintsho isetyenziswa ngoku, okwenza kube lula ukuchonga imiyalelo ngokukhawuleza.

Imivalo yenkqubela phambili imanzi ngakumbi kuba imelwe ngeebhloko ze-Unicode kwaye, ulwazi olubalulekileyo lwaba nelungelo phezu kobuninzi beenkcukacha ukuze ukwazi ukufikelela kulo ngokulula ngakumbi.

UJulian ngokwakhe uchaza ezinye iingenelo zoyilo olutsha

Ukuba ukhe wafaka iikernel ezininzi kakhulu kwinkqubo yakho yeDebian okanye Ubuntu, okanye iipakethe ezininzi kwaye uphelelwe yindawo, i-APT [3.0] iya kukubonisa ukuba singakanani na indawo onayo, kwaye iya kukulumkisa ukuba uya gqithisa eso sithuba, kwakhona kuthathela ingqalelo izahlulelo/zahlulelo lokuqala.

Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba i-APT ijongana kuphela neepakethe zefomati ye-DEB ukusukela oko i-Snap, i-Flatpak kunye nenkqubo yefomathi ye-Appimage zisebenzisa abaphathi bempahla abahlukeneyo. Iziko leSoftware ye-GNOME, iZiko leSoftware ye-Ubuntu okanye i-Discover yimizobo yojongano olusebenza kunye nabaphathi beephakheji ezahlukeneyo.

Eyona miyalelo ixhaphakileyo ye-APT

Ukuba sifuna uluhlu lweenkqubo kunye neenguqulelo zihlaziywe, sisebenzisa umyalelo:
sudo apt update
Ukuhlaziya iipakethe ezifakiweyo kwiinguqulelo zamva nje ezikhoyo kwiindawo zokugcina, sinokusebenzisa umyalelo:
sudo apt upgrade
Ukuba into esiyifunayo kukufaka ipakethe ethile kwezi zikhoyo kwiindawo zokugcina, kufuneka sibhale lo myalelo ulandelayo kwi-terminal:
sudo apt install nombre_del_paquete
Ukukhangela ipakethe ethile phakathi kwazo zonke iindawo zokugcina siya kuyenza ngomyalelo:
apt search nombre_del_paquete.
Ukuba sifuna ukucima iphakheji thina okanye inkqubo engayifuniyo, kufuneka sinike lo myalelo ulandelayo kwi-terminal.
sudo apt remove nombre_del_paquete
Ukususa ngokuzenzekelayo iipakethe esingazifuniyo kwisistim, sinokubhala:
sudo apt autoremove

Nangona ukusebenzisa ujongano lwegraphical olufana nolo lubonelelwe yi-Ubuntu Software Centre kubonakala kulula xa uthi krwaqu, xa uqhelana ne-terminal uba likhoboka. Ke, olu phuculo kwi-interface ye-APT ngokungathandabuzekiyo luya kuthakazelelwa kakhulu yinxalenye enkulu yabasebenzisi baka-Ubuntu kunye ne-Debian.


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