I-ClamAV 1.0.0 sele ikhutshwe kwaye ezi ziindaba zayo

ClamAV

I-ClamAV sisixhobo se-antivirus esivulelekileyo

UCisco uye watyhila ukuqaliswa yoguqulelo olutsha lwephakheji ye-antivirus ClamAV 1.0.0, yeyiphi inguqulelo ephawulekayo ngokutshintshela kwi-"Major.Minor.Patch" yendabuko yokukhupha amanani (endaweni ye-0.Version.Patch).

OkubalulekileyoUtshintsho lwenguqulelo lukwabangelwa lutshintsho kwithala leencwadi le-libclamav eyaphula ukuhambelana kwe-ABI ngokususa isithuba segama se-CLAMAV_PUBLIC, ukutshintsha udidi lweengxoxo kumsebenzi we-cl_strerror, kunye nokuquka iisimboli zolwimi lwe-Rust kwindawo yamagama.

Isebe 1.0.0 ihlelwa njengenkxaso yexesha elide (LTS) kwaye igcinwa iminyaka emithathu. Ukukhutshwa kweClamAV 1.0.0 kuya kuthatha indawo yesebe langaphambili le-LTS le-ClamAV 0.103, apho uhlaziyo olunokulungiswa kobuthathaka kunye nemiba ebalulekileyo iya kukhutshwa kude kube ngoSeptemba ka-2023.

Uhlaziyo lwamasebe angengawo e-LTS lukhutshwa ubuncinane kwiinyanga ezi-4 emva kokukhutshwa kokuqala kwesebe elilandelayo. Ukukwazi ukukhuphela i-database yesiginitsha yeendawo ezingezizo ze-LTS zikwabonelelwa ubuncinane ezinye iinyanga ze-4 emva kokuqaliswa kwendawo elandelayo.

I-ClamAV 1.0 Iimpawu eziphambili zeNew

Kolu guqulelo lutsha oluvela kwiClamAV 1.0.0 ikhowudi yabhalwa ngokutsha ngokuphunyezwa kwayo yonke imo yemidlalo, apho zonke iimatshisi kwifayile zimiselwe, o.k.t. ukuskena kuyaqhubeka emva komdlalo wokuqala. ikhowudi entsha iphawulwe njengethembeke ngakumbi kwaye kulula ukuyigcina.

Ukuphunyezwa okutsha kwakhona isusa inani leengcamango eziphosakeleyo evelayo xa imisayino iqinisekisiwe kwimowudi yomdlalo opheleleyo. Iimvavanyo ezongeziweyo zokuqinisekisa ukuchaneka kokuziphatha kwayo yonke imidlalo.

Ukongeza koku, kukwagxininiswa ukuba kukhawulezise kakhulu ukuqulunqwa kovavanyo lweyunithi kwithala leencwadi le-libclamav-Rust. Iimodyuli zeClamAV ezibhalwe kwiRust ngoku zidityanisiwe kulawulo ekwabelwana ngalo kunye neClamAV.

Izithintelo ziye zacuthwa xa kuhlolwa iirekhodi ezidlulayo kwiindawo zokugcina ze-ZIP, ezenze ukuba kube lula ukususa izilumkiso zobuxoki xa kusetyenzwa kancinane, kodwa hayi iifayile zeJAR ezikhohlakeleyo.

Ukongeza kuloo nto, ulwakhiwo luchaza ubuncinci kunye neenguqulelo ezixhaswayo ze-LLVM. Ukuzama ukwakha ngoguqulelo oludala kakhulu okanye olutsha kakhulu ngoku kuya kukhokelela kwisilumkiso sempazamo malunga nemiba yokuhambelana.

Ukuqulunqa uluhlu lwakho lwe-RPATH kuvumelekile (uluhlu lwabalawuli apho amathala eencwadi ekwabelwana ngawo alayishwa), nto leyo evumela ukuba iifayile eziphunyeziweyo zihanjiswe kwenye indawo emva kokuba zidityanisiwe kwimekobume yophuhliso.

Olunye utshintsho evelele kwinguqulelo entsha:

  • Inkxaso eyongeziweyo yokususa uguqulelo oluntsonkothileyo lwefayile ye-XLS esekwe kwi-OLE2 kuphela efihliweyo nge-password engagqibekanga.
  • I-clcb_file_inspection () callback yongezwa kwi-API ukudibanisa abalawuli abahlola imixholo yeefayile, kubandakanywa nezo zikhutshwe kwiifayile.
  • Umsebenzi we-cl_cvdunpack () wongezwe kwi-API yokukhupha iifayile zotyikityo kwifomati yeCVD.
    Imibhalo yokwakha imifanekiso yedokhi eneClamAV isiwe kwindawo eyahlukileyo yokugcina i-clamav-docker.
  • Umfanekiso wedokhi uquka iifayile zeheader zelayibrari C.
  • Ulawulo olongeziweyo ukunciphisa inqanaba lokuphindaphinda xa ukhupha izinto kumaxwebhu ePDF.
  • Umda kubungakanani bememori eyabelwe xa kusetyenzwa idatha yegalelo elingathembekanga yonyusiwe, kwaye isilumkiso senziwe xa lo mda ugqithisiwe.

ekugqibeleni ukuba ukhona unomdla wokwazi ngakumbi ngayo, ungajonga iinkcukacha Kule khonkco ilandelayo.

Uyifaka njani i-ClamAV ku-Ubuntu kunye neziphumo?

Kulabo banomdla wokukwazi ukufaka le antivirus kwinkqubo yabo, banokuyenza ngendlela elula kwaye I-ClamAV ifumaneka ngaphakathi koovimba beenkqubo ezininzi zokuhanjiswa kweLinux.

Kwimeko ye-Ubuntu kunye neziphumo zayo, ungayifaka kwi-terminal okanye kwiziko lesoftware. Ukuba ukhetha ukufaka iZiko leSoftware, kuya kufuneka ukhangele i- "ClamAV" kwaye kuya kufuneka ubone i-antivirus kunye nenketho yokuyifaka.

Ngoku, kwabo bakhetha ukhetho ukufaka ukusuka kwisiphelo sendlela Kufuneka bavule enye kuphela kwinkqubo yabo (bangayenza nge-Ctrl + Alt + T indlela emfutshane) kwaye kuyo kufuneka bachwetheze lo myalelo ulandelayo:

sudo apt-get install clamav

Kwaye ukulungele ngayo, baya kuba sele benayo le antivirus efakwe kwinkqubo yabo. Ngoku njengakuyo yonke i-antivirus, I-ClamAV nayo ineenkcukacha zayo ethi ikhuphele kwaye ithathe ukwenza uthelekiso kwifayile "yeenkcazo". Le fayile iluluhlu olwazisa iskena malunga nezinto ezithandabuzekayo.

Rhoqo kubalulekile ukuba ukwazi ukuhlaziya le fayile, esinokuyihlaziya ukusuka kwisiphelo sendlela, ukwenza oku ngokulula:

sudo freshclam

Khipha iClamAV

Ukuba nangasiphi na isizathu ufuna ukususa le antivirus kwinkqubo yakho, chwetheza oku kulandelayo kwisiphelo sendlela:

sudo apt remove --purge clamav

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1.   Z3R0 sitsho

    Uphoswa yidaemon kufakelo:
    sudo apt ukufaka iclamav clamav-daemon

    Ukuhlaziya i-antivirus, kufuneka uqale umise inkqubo:
    sudo systemctl stop clamav-freshclam
    sudo freshclam

    Kwaye ekugqibeleni siqala inkonzo:
    sudo systemctl qalisa i-clamav-freshclam

    Nibuliso!