Desktops vs Abaphathi beWindows kwi Ubuntu

Sway, umphathi wefestile, ku-Ubuntu

Iifestile ezimbini zesiphelo, ecaleni, e-Sway, umphathi wefestile

Ngo-Okthobha 2010, iCanonical yakhupha Ubuntu 10.10 kwaye yaziswa ubunye, idesktop ejike yonke into ijonge phantsi kwaye inyanzelise abaninzi ukuba benze into eyaziwa ngokuba yi "distro hopping", ngokusisiseko itshintsha indlela yokusebenza rhoqo ukuze bafumane leyo iya kuba lusasazo olukhethwayo. Kwiminyaka kamva babuyela kwi-GNOME, idesktop oyisebenzisayo namhlanje.

Ubunye kunye ne-GNOME zii-desktops ezimbini, kwaye ii-desktops zisebenzisa abaphathi befestile, kwaye kuba kukho iindlela zokusebenza ezihamba kweyokuqala kwaye zisebenza ngokuthe ngqo neyokugqibela, kukho abasebenzisi abalahlekayo, babhideke kwaye abazi ukuba yeyiphi indima umntu ngamnye. imidlalo kwaye yahluke ngantoni Apha siza kuzama ukuchaza, ngokufutshane nangokufutshane, yintoni umphathi wefestile, yintoni idesika kwaye zahluke njani.

Yintoni uMphathi wefestile?

Umphathi wefestile ngu isoftware ejongene nokubonisa iinkqubo ezahlukeneyo ukuba siphumeza kujongano lomzobo, kodwa oko kuphela. Ayiloxanduva lokulawula uthungelwano esiqhagamshelwe kulo, okanye ukubona iifayile zethu okanye ukukwazi ukunyusa umthamo wesandi. Iidesktop zisebenzisa abaphathi befestile, kodwa abaphathi befestile abazisebenzisi iidesktop. Ngokwayo, ukusebenzisa umphathi wefestile kuya kuba nzima ukuyisebenzisa, ngaphandle kokuba uligqala leLinux kwaye uyazi ukwenza yonke into kwi-terminal.

Ngesi sizathu, iisistim ezisebenzayo ezisebenzisa kuphela umphathi wefestile (ngaphandle kwedesktop) zikwasebenzisa iipakethe ukulawula izinto ezinje ngevolumu, uqhagamshelo lwenethiwekhi kwaye ngamanye amaxesha unohlobo lwesiqalisi, apho sinokuvula iinkqubo okanye ngamanye amaxesha idrowa ye-app. Zonke ezo zinto zongezelelwa; abaphathi befestile, njengoko sele sikhankanyile, bajongene kuphela kwaye ngokukodwa lawula iifestile…. kungoko igama layo.

Xfce kunye ne-LXDE
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Uyifaka njani i-LXDE kunye ne-Xfce desktops kwi-Ubuntu

Kwaye iDesika?

Singabhekisa kwinkcazo yobuchwephesha, kodwa into enokubangela kukubhideka ngakumbi. Ukwenza lula izinto kakhulu, i-desktop yiseti yezicelo, ii-applet, iinkqubo kunye nazo zonke iintlobo zesoftware ezidityanisiweyo ukwenza lula ukusetyenziswa kwenkqubo yokusebenza kwiPC. Ngaloo ndlela, kwi-desktop asifumani kuphela umphathi wefestile olawula ujongano lwegraphical, kodwa sifumana umphathi wenethiwekhi, kunye nesandi kunye nesalathisi sevolumu ehambelanayo. Sikwanokufikelela ngokukhawuleza kwiifayile zethu ngomphathi wefayile, njl. Umahluko kukuba ngelixa umphathi wefestile eyinxalenye, Idesktop liqela leenkqubo eziyilelwe ukunika umsebenzi.

Kutheni sicinga ukuba kubalulekile ukwazi oku? Kuba baninzi abathetha ngabaphathi befestile ngokungathi ziidesktops kwaye bafumanise ukuba akukho nto inokwenziwa. Ukongeza, ukwazi oko kusivumela ukuba sikwazi ukudlala ngenkqubo ukuze sikwazi ukufaka Ubuntu kwaye sitshintshe ujongano lwegraphical. GNOME nge i3wm okanye Sway (abaphathi befestile) ikhawulezisa inkqubo kakhulu kwaye igcina iinkqubo zedesktop njenge nautilus okanye umphathi wenethiwekhi.

Kukho iindidi phakathi kweedesika kwaye ezinye zaziwa ngokuba KDE, GNOME, Xfce, LXQt o Cinnamon. Ukujonga emva kwexesha, Umanyano luphakathi kwedesktop kunye nomphathi wefestile. Kwimeko yokuqala yayingumphathi wefestile eyayisetyenziswa phezulu kweGNOME, kodwa inguqulelo emva koguqulelo bayiguqule ukuya kuthi ga kumlinganiselo wokuba namhlanje sele ijongwa njengedesktop.

Phakathi kwabaphathi befestile abaziwayo yi-i3wm, i-Sway, i-Fluxbox, i-Openbox, i-Metacity okanye i-Icewm phakathi kwabanye.

Ukuba umntu osifundayo ukwazile ukuphanda aze afakele iinguqulelo ezininzi zoBuntu, uya kube ebonile ukuba kukho usasazo olubizwa ngokuba nguXubuntu, Kubuntu okanye Lubuntu. Kulungile, bonke nguBuntu, kodwa ngeedesktop ezahlukeneyo. Ke, uXubuntu bubuntu kunye nedesktop Xfce, uKubuntu ukwidesktop KDE kwaye uLubuntu unedesktop LXQt.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ndichaze kakuhle. Kwesinye isihlandlo ndiza kuthetha ngabaphathi befestile, isihloko esinomdla kakhulu kwaye esingaziwayo. Ndiyabulisa.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo ezi-12, shiya ezakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   UAbimael martell sitsho

    Ndiyithanda kakhulu ibhokisi evulekileyo, iqwalaselwe kakhulu 😛

    1.    Felipe mayorga sitsho

      Ndisayithanda ibhokisi evulekileyo kakhulu, iyaqwalaseleka kakhulu

  2.   UJoseph Aguilar sitsho

    Ndihlala ndibukhali

  3.   ULuis David sitsho

    Ngamafutshane, ilula kwaye ikhonkrithi.

  4.   pablo sitsho

    Unyanisile Joaquín Ndifuna ukukuhalalisela kodwa, kukho impazamo kwaye ngoku iyiLinux mint, ayisiyo nguqulelo yoBuntu kodwa kukhuphiswano lwayo oluthe ngqo kunye nembangi, abasebenzisi abaninzi bafudukile ukusuka ku-Ubuntu baya kwi-mint ngenxa yokucotha wobunye.

    Ngoku, uninzi lwethu luyabushiya uBuntu, ngenxa yeenjongo zayo ezinengeniso, kunye noluntu lwalo, egocentric, nguzwilakhe kwaye onekratshi, ewe, ayingabo bonke abasebenzisi abanjalo, banabasebenzisi abahloniphekileyo nabanobuntu.

    Ndisebenzise ubuntu 7.10, kodwa xa kuthelekiswa ne-mint 7 i-philandean distro ibubuhle, imint kulula ukuyisebenzisa, ikhawuleza kwaye iguquguquke simahla kwaye ingenzi nzuzo, ngaphezulu kwesitolo sayo. Ngokugqibeleleyo kubasebenzisi bokuqala, ndingathi inyani yeLinux yinkqubo yabantu.

    1.    UManolo sitsho

      Indoda, «indawo ekuhlalwa kuyo, egocentric, nguzwilakhe kunye nekratshi ...». Ngapha koko, kubonakala ngathi akulunganga kum.

      Ngokuphathelele iinjongo zenzuzo yeCanonical, ngubani othe isoftware yasimahla ayinakuvelisa ingeniso? Ewe, kuye kwafuneka baphulukane nemali okanye bazuze kuphela imali ebibonakala ngathi "yanele" kuwe. Ubuntu abukho simahla kwaye simahla? Kulungile, andiyiboni imvelaphi yokucekiseka kwakho.

    2.    Antonio sitsho

      Ndingumsebenzisi woBuntu kwaye into oyithethayo ngoluntu lwaseBuntu ibonakala ingenabulungisa kum. Ngethamsanqa, ndidibene nabantu abakhethiweyo kuphela hayi ngelize, jonga inani leeblogi ezikwi-Intanethi ezinikezelwe ku-Ubuntu. Nokuba sifuna ukuyazi okanye hayi, Ubuntu izise i-GNU / Linux kufutshane nabantu abaninzi. Ngokubhekisele kubumbano, mandikuxelele ukuba iguquka ngokukhawuleza okukhulu kwaye ukusebenza kwayo (okwale mihla) kubonakala kumnandi kum. Kuqhelekile, njengayo yonke into eqala, ukuqala kwayo bekungekho ngaphandle kwezithintelo kodwa ukusebenza okwangoku akunanto yakwenza naloo manyathelo okuqala.

      Kwakhona, amagama owanikezela kwi-Canonical abonakala engalunganga kum. Inkampani enabasebenzi abambalwa kakhulu inexabiso elikhulu kwinto eyenzayo kwaye andikaze ndihlawule neyuro nayiphi na into ...

      Ngokuphathelele iLinux Mint, xelela ukuba ndinayo kwenye yeekhompyuter zam kwaye ndiyayithanda, kunye nezinye iincasa. Nangona kunjalo, ndiyathemba ukuba andizange ndibonakale ndizicingela ndodwa, ndinyanzela, okanye ndinekratshi.

      Inqaku likaMnumzana Joaquín García libonakala limnandi kum kuba liya kwinqanaba kwaye licacisa ngokucacileyo. Iluncedo kakhulu kubaqalayo. Ndiyabulela kakhulu

    3.    UFitoschido sitsho

      Enkosi ngengcaciso yakho ecingisisiweyo, okoko ndafumana i-imeyile yam @ ubuntu.com Ndazicingela ndodwa, ndazidla kwaye ndinekratshi. Yeka ukudibanisa izinto ezingenanto yakwenza nayo, beka i-FUD ecaleni, uyeke ukugxeka kwaye wenze into entle.

  5.   UFernando Monroy sitsho

    Isihloko esihle kakhulu kwaye sichazwe kakuhle.

  6.   imarce sitsho

    Ndafaka i-gnome 3 desktop ngenxa yesizathu sokuba ndingazithandi iithebhu ezinkulu ezisekhohlo kuManyano, kwaye ndingazi ukuba ndizisusa njani. IGnome 3 ayinamaqhosha okunciphisa ukwandisa njengezinye iinguqulelo ze-gnome, ke kuye kwafuneka ndibenze bakwazi.

  7.   Alberto sitsho

    Molo mhlobo, ndimtsha kuBuntu kwaye ndinengxaki, xa ndifuna ukutshintsha umxholo wedesktop indixelela ukuba umphathi wedesktop akenziwanga, ungandinceda ngale nto nceda? imeyile yam yile 1977albertosangiao@gmail.com

  8.   ilulwane sitsho

    Inqaku elinomdla kakhulu. Ndineminyaka emi-2 ndikunye no-Ubuntu kwaye kubonakala ngathi yinkqubo egqwesileyo yokusebenza, ndinayo ne-mint kwi-aspire enye kwaye isebenza kakuhle kakhulu. Kubuntu endinabo evaio ndihlala ndingonwabanga ngokusetyenziswa kwememori yenkunzi yegusha eyayizalisa kancinci kancinci kwaye amaxesha ngamaxesha kuye kwafuneka ndiqale phantsi okanye ndivale iseshoni yobunye ke kwezi ntsuku ndizamile nge-gnome kwaye Ndiqaphele ukuba xa uyisebenzisa nomphathi we-metacity ukusebenza kungcono kakhulu kwaye inkunzi yegusha ayizalisi. Ubuntu abufezekanga kodwa ndicinga ukuba ligalelo elikhulu kuluntu olusebenzisayo ukuba sijonge into eyahlukileyo kwi windows, ewe, nokuba ubuntu, iminti okanye naluphi na ulwabiwo lwe-linux zikude nomsebenzisi wobunzima kuba kufuneka ube Umphefumlo weenjineli zenkqubo Ukuzisebenzisa kwaye xa ufunda kancinci ziyonwabisa kwaye zinamandla kodwa ulwabiwo kufuneka luqhubeke lusebenza ngokulula kangangokuba nomntwana angazisebenzisa kwaye akuyomfuneko ukukhangela kwiibhloko zezisombululo, i ukulungiswa kwenkqubo kukusebenziseka ngokulula, kwimeko yam, ndiyavuya ukuba ndinelaptop enesakhono kwiseva endikhonzayo kwizinto ezilula njengokubhala ileta okanye ukufunda iposi kodwa nayo ndinako yenza izinto ezinomdla ngakumbi