Iinethiwekhi zeWi-Fi, fumana iipaswedi zenethiwekhi ezigciniweyo

malunga nokufumana iphasiwedi ye-WiFi

Kwinqaku elilandelayo siza kujonga indlela esinokuyibona ngayo iphasiwedi yeenethiwekhi zeWiFi esidibanisa kuyo ngaxa lithile. Xa abasebenzisi benxibelelana nenethiwekhi engenazingcingo okokuqala ngqa, iphasiwedi iya kugcinwa kwikhompyuter yethu Ubuntu. Ngesi sizathu, akukho mfuneko yokuchwetheza iphasiwedi ngalo lonke ixesha siphinda sixhuma inethiwekhi efanayo ye-Wi-Fi.

Njengoko ixesha lihamba, kwaye xa sifuna ukongeza isixhobo esitsha kwinethiwekhi efanayo ye-Wi-Fi, sisenokungasayikhumbuli iphasiwedi eyimfuneko. Ukuba uzifumana ukule meko, abasebenzisi be-Ubuntu (kunye nezinye iinkqubo zeGnu / Linuxsiya kuba nakho fumana kwi-terminal amagama okugqitha othungelwano lweWi-Fi apho besifudula sixhuma khona. Nathi sinako ukwenjenjalo jonga kwindawo yemizobo kwaye ngendlela elula ipassword yezi nethiwekhi esidibana kuzo ngaxa lithile.

Fumana igama eligqithisiweyo leenethiwekhi ze-Wi-Fi oqhagamshele kuzo noBuntu

Njengoko benditshilo, ku-Ubuntu sinokufumana ipaswedi yenethiwekhi ye-wifi egcinwe kulayini wokuyalela okanye kwindawo yemizobo. Amanyathelo alandelayo ndizamile kwi-Ubuntu 20.04 LTS desktop (GNOME)Nangona kunjalo, la manyathelo anokufana kolunye ulwabiwo.

Ukusuka kwisiphelo

Ubuntu kunye nokuhluka kwayo, Iifayile zoqwalaselo lwenethiwekhi ezingenazingcingo zigcinwa kulawulo / njl /InethiwekhiManager/ Unxibelelwano lwenkqubo /. Ukuba sivula i-terminal (Ctrl + Alt + T) siya kuba nakho ukujonga iifayile zoqwalaselo zenethiwekhi ze-Wi-Fi esiqhagamshela kuzo kwikhompyuter yethu:

umxholo womxholo wenethiwekhi yenkqubo yonxibelelwano

ls /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/

Njengoko ubona kule skrini ingentla, ndineefayile zoqwalaselo zenethiwekhi ezi-2 ezigcinwe kwinkqubo yam Ubuntu 20.04. Kule fayile siza kufumana iinkcukacha ezahlukeneyo zenethiwekhi nganye njenge-wifi id, i-SSID, indlela yokuqinisekisa, ipaswedi ye-wifi, njl. Ukubonisana nenye yezi fayile, kuya kufuneka sisebenzise lo myalelo cat okanye umhleli wombhalo ukubona iphasiwedi yenethiwekhi esithandayo.

Kulo mzekelo ndiza kubona iinkcukacha zenethiwekhi ye-wifi "dlink.nmconnection”Usebenzisa i-terminal (Ctrl + Alt + T) umyalelo:

idatha yedatha yolawulo lwenethiwekhi

sudo cat /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/dlink.nmconnection

Kwiskrini amaxabiso awahlukeneyo aya kuvela, phakathi kwawo siza kufumana I-PSK, Leliphi igama eligqithisiweyo lenethiwekhi ye-wifi. Kwabo bazibuza ukuba yintoni le, PSK (isitshixo ekwabelwana ngaso ngaphambili) yindlela yokuqinisekisa abathengi. Isebenzisa umtya onamanani angama-64 hexadecimal, okanye njengegama lokugqithisa lama-8 ukuya kuma-63 abalinganiswa be-ASCII ukwenza amaqhosha okubhala

Enye indlela yokujonga iphasiwedi kukusebenzisa i-grep command. Ke sinokufumana igama eligqithisiweyo lothungelwano lwe-Wi-Fi, njengoko kubonisiwe koku kulandelayo:

sudo grep psk= /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/*

Lo myalelo uza kubonisa ipaswedi yazo zonke iinethiwekhi ezingenazingcingo ezigciniweyo.

Enye indlela yokufumana amagama agqithisiweyo kukusebenzisa umahluko womyalelo wangaphambili Injani:

Idatha yePSK

sudo grep -r '^psk=' /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/

Ukuba asifuni ukubona amagama e I-SSID yeenethiwekhi zeWi-Fi kwaye ubone kuphela amagama okugqithaKuya kufuneka ukongeze kumyalelo wangaphambili -h ukhetho:

Idatha ye-PSK ngaphandle kwe-SSID

sudo grep -hr '^psk=' /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/

Sebenzisa i -h ukhetho inokuba yingxaki ukuba sinenethiwekhi engaphezulu kwesinye egciniweyo. Xa usebenzisa olu khetho ngekhe sazi ukuba yeyiphi inethiwekhi eligqithisiweyonjengoko i-SSID ingaboniswanga.

Ukusuka kuMlawuli weNethiwekhi (i-GUI)

Ukuba ufuna jonga kuphela ipaswedi yothungelwano lweWi-Fi owawukade uqhagamshele kuyo Kwaye ukhetha ukusebenzisa imeko yemizobo endaweni yokusebenzisa i-terminal, kuya kufuneka ucofe kwi inethiwekhi icon ibekwe kwipaneli ephezulu yedesktop. Apho imenyu ehlayo iya kuvela. Ukuba senza njalo Cofa kwi-wifi ukhetho, enye imenyu iya kubonakala. Apha siza kufumana ukhetho 'Ukuseta iWi-Fi', ekuya kufuneka ucofe kuyo.

WiFi uqwalaselo ukhetho

Kwiwindow eya kuvula siza kubona uluhlu lwenethiwekhi ezikhoyo ngoku. Apho sinako Cofa kwi icon "Useto" ukuba siza kubona ecaleni kweenethiwekhi ze-Wi-Fi apho sinokuthi sidibanise ngaxa lithile.

Uqwalaselo lweWiFi oluvela kwidesktop

Ngoku iwindow yoqwalaselo yenethiwekhi ekhethiweyo yeWi-Fi iya kuvulwa. Kwi ithebhu 'Ukhuseleko', Siza kubona iphasiwedi ene-asterisks. Ukutyhila igama eligqithisiweyo, kuya kubakho okuninzi ukucofa kwibhokisi yokukhangela 'Veza ipasigama'.

bonisa iphasiwedi ye-WiFi kwidesktop

Ezi ndlela zimbini zilula zokujonga iiphasiwedi zenethiwekhi ze-Wi-Fi esixhuma kuzo. Yintoni egqithisile Singafumana izixhobo ezininzi zokufumana kwakhona iphasiwedi kwiKali Linux. Akukho sizathu sokufaka i-Kali Linux, kufuneka nje faka izixhobo ezikhoyo kwinkqubo yethu Ubuntu kwaye usebenzise izixhobo zokubuyisela iphasiwedi.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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