Indlela yokuvula iifayile kwi-Ubuntu

unzip iifayile zeZip

Nangona abasebenzisi abaninzi becinga ukuba ukuhanjiswa kwe-Gnu / Linux kunye neenkqubo ezinje ngeWindows azinanto efanayo, inyani kukuba bayazenza. Zombini iinkqubo ezisebenzayo zinezinto ezithile ezifanayo ezifana nohlobo lweefayile ezinokujongwa okanye ulawulo lweefayile zekhompyuter.

Kwezi meko, iGnu / Linux iyafana neWindows kodwa ngendlela eyahlukileyo. Enye ye Iindidi zeefayile ezibonelela ngeyona ngxaki kwi-Gnu / Linux kwifayile ecinezelweyo kunye neendlela zayo zokusebenza. Ke, ukucofa iifayile kwiGnu / Linux sifuna iinkqubo ezizenzayo kunye nemiyalelo ethile yokucinezela okanye yokuhambisa iifayile. Kodwa okokuqala, makhe siqale sibone ukuba zeziphi iifayile ezixineneyo.

Yintoni iifayile ezixineneyo?

Iifayile ezixineneyo zilapha Iifayile zekhompyuter ezibonakaliswa ngokuhlala kwindawo encinci kwidiski enzima kuneefayile ezikule fayile. Ke, iifayile ezixineneyo zisetyenziselwa kwaye zilungele indawo apho ufuna ukugcina indawo. Iifayile ezixineneyo zikwifomathi eyahlukileyo kunefomathi yentsusa kwaye azifikeleleki kuyo nayiphi na inkqubo ngaphandle kwenkqubo yokucinezela eya kuthi ilawule uxinzelelo ukuze isebenze kwaye ijonge iifayile ezixineneyo.

KwiGnu / Linux sinako fumana iifayile ezixineneyo kwiinkqubo esizithumela koovimba, xa sikhuphela iipakeji zenkqubo naxa sifaka iipakeji zenkqubo, kuba iifomathi ezahlukeneyo ziseluluhlobo lweefayile ezixineneyo ezingadingi nkqubo yecompressor yokuqhuba.

Ngaphakathi kweenkqubo zokusebenza zeGnu / Linux, sifumana iifomathi zeefayile ezixineneyo ezinokusetyenziswa kwasekuqaleni, kodwa ezinye zifuna inkqubo yecompressor kunye nenye inkqubo ye-decompressor. Nje, Zonke iinkqubo eziziicompressors ziyasivumela ukuba sidibanise ifayile kwaye ke ngoko akukho nkqubo inye ifunwayo ukulawula ezi ntlobo zeefayile kwaye kukho neenkqubo ezilawula iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zeefayile ezixineneyo.

Uyifaka njani icompressors kwiGnu / Linux?

Kukho iintlobo ezininzi zeefayile ezixineneyo ezinokuthi zisasazwe nakweyiphi na imizuzwana yokuqala. I-Tar, i-tar.gz kunye neziphumo zazo ziifayile ezixineneyo ezinokusetyenziswa, kodwa azithandwa kakhulu phakathi kweenkqubo zekhompyuter, kunye.zip kunye rar njengezona fomathi zefayile zithandwayo nezaziwayo. Kodwa akukho lwabiwo lune-compressor yolu hlobo lwefayile okanye iintlobo ezithile zeefayile ezixineneyo ezifakwe ngokungagqibekanga, ke ngoko, emva kokufaka usasazo kufuneka sifeze oku kulandelayo kwisiphelo sendlela:

sudo apt-get install rar unrar unace zip unzip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils mpack arj cabextract file-roller uudeview

Oku ukuba sisebenzisa usasazo lwe-Gnu / Linux olusekwe kwi-Ubuntu okanye kwi-Debian. Ukuba ngokuchaseneyo, sasingenabo Ubuntu kunye Sisebenzise ukuhanjiswa ngokusekwe kwiFedora okanye kwiRed Hat, kufuneka sibhale oku kulandelayo:

sudo dnf install rar unrar unace zip unzip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils mpack arj cabextract file-roller uudeview

Ukuba asinabo Ubuntu kwaye sineArch Linux okanye iziphumo zayo, kuya kufuneka sibhale oku kulandelayo:

Pacman -S rar unrar unace zip unzip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils mpack arj cabextract file-roller uudeview

Le ndlela ihamba nge-terminal kodwa sinokuyenza ngomphathi wesoftware. Kule meko, Kuya kufuneka sijonge ii-compressors ezinxulumene ne-.zip, rar, ace kunye neefomathi zearj. Lonke ulwabelo luneegrafiki zabaphathi besoftware enesikhangeli, ke ngoko ukufakela umzobo kuya kuba yinkqubo ekhawulezayo nelula Nje ukuba sizifakele, umphathi wefayile uya kutshintsha kunye nemenyu yesicelo kunye neemenyu zomxholo.

Ungazisebenzisa njani kwisiphelo sendlela?

Inkqubo yokusetyenziswa kwesiphelo sendlu ye-Gnu / Linux ilula kakhulu kwaye ilula. Ngokubanzi, sinokuthi ukucinezela iifayile kufuneka siphumeze umyalelo wecompressor olandelwe ligama lefayile ecinezelweyo esiya kuyenza kunye neefayile esifuna ukuzicinezela.

Ke, ukucinezela ifayile kwi zip Kuya kufuneka sisebenzise le patheni ilandelayo:

zip archivo.zip archivo.doc archivo.jpg

Ukuba sifuna ukwenza ifayile kwifom ye-gzip, Ipateni iya kuba yile ilandelayo:

gzip archivo.doc

Ukuba sifuna ukwenza ifayile kwifomathi yetha, emva koko kuya kufuneka sibhale oku kulandelayo:

tar -zcvf archivo.tgz archivo.doc

unzip kwi-rar kwi-ubuntu

Kuya kufuneka senze inkqubo efanayo xa sifuna ukudibanisa iifayile kwisiphelo sendlela. Kule nto kufuneka silandele iipateni ezifanayo kodwa sitshintshe umyalelo omele wenziwe. Ke, ngenxa unzip iifayile kwifom .zip kufuneka sibhale:

unzip archivo.zip

Ukuba sifuna ukuvula iifayile kwifomathi ye .rar kufuneka sibhale:

unrar archivo.rar

Ukuba sifuna ukuvula iifayile kwifomathi yetha, emva koko kuya kufuneka siphumeze oku kulandelayo:

tar -zxvf archivo.tgz

Ukuba ifayile ikwi gzip, emva koko kuya kufuneka siphumeze oku kulandelayo:

gzip -d archivo.zip

Kukho ezinye iifomathi zefayile ezixineneyo ezinokufakwa kwaye zisetyenziswe kwisiphelo sendlela. Nje ezi compressors zilandela ipateni efanayo kwaye ukuba akunjalo, iya kuhlala ivela kwiphepha lendawo yokugcina, iphepha eliluncedo kakhulu ukuba unolwazi malunga nenkqubo esiza kuyisebenzisa.

Ungazisebenzisa njani ngokuzoba?

Ukudalwa kweefayile ezixineneyo kulwabiwo lwethu ngokuzoba kulula. Xa ufaka ii-compressors zangaphambili, umphathi wefayile uhlengahlengisiwe. Ke, kwimenyu yokuma ebonakalayo ebonakala xa sisenza nqakraza kabini kwifayile oya kuba nayo ukhetho lokucinezela…. Ukukhetha olu khetho kuya kubonisa iwindow ngolu hlobo lulandelayo:

Cinezela iifayile

Kuyo sifaka igama lefayile entsha kwaye siphawule uhlobo loxinzelelo esifuna ukulwenza. Oko kukuthi, ukuba iya kucinezelwa kwi .zip, tar.xz, rar, .7z, njl.

Inkqubo ye- iifayile zokudibanisa ngokucacileyo kwi-Gnu / Linux kulula nangaphezu kwesiphelo ngokwaso. Sinqakraza kabini kwifayile ecinezelweyo kwaye iwindow iya kuvela nawo onke amaxwebhu aqulathwe yile fayile. Ukuba sicofa kabini kuwo nawaphi na amaxwebhu aya kubonakala okwethutyana, ukuba sifuna ukuyivula ifayile emva koko siyiphawule kwaye sicinezela iqhosha lokukhupha. Njengokuba sinako ukuvula iziphu kuzo zonke iifayile ngokucinezela iqhosha u "Caphula" ngqo, kodwa kufuneka siqiniseke ukuba akukho fayile iphawulweyo okanye ikhethiweyo.

Iifayile ze-Unzip

Ngaba oku kunokwenziwa kuphela ngeefayile ezixineneyo?

Inyaniso kukuba akukho. Zininzi eminye imisebenzi esinokuyenza ngeefayile ezixineneyo. Ayisiyiyo kuphela i-unzip okanye yokwenza iifayile kodwa sinokuzibhala ngokufihlakeleyo okanye sinokwenza iifayile ezininzi zesayizi ethile kwaye sizibandakanye nabo ukwenza ifayile enye ecinezelweyo.
Kodwa le misebenzi Zinzima ngakumbi ukuzenza kwaye akubalulekanga ukusebenza ngezi ntlobo zeefayile, Ngale miyalelo ingasentla kunye nezikhokelo kungaphezulu kokulingene ekusebenzeni ngeefayile ezixineneyo ngendlela efanelekileyo nenemveliso.


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  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
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  1.   UFrancisco Antonio Nocetti Anziani sitsho

    $ sudo apt-fumana ukufaka umkhombe
    emva koko ucofe ekunene kwifayile, vula ngomkhombe kwaye ukhuphe 🙂

  2.   Zonke iinkonzo ze-intanethi sitsho

    Kulabo bane-Ubuntu okanye i-Fedora (iza ngokungagqibekanga)
    Kwisiphelo sendlela bhala:
    khupha
    uncoma enye okanye ezingaphezulu zeefayile ezinikezwe njengelayini yomyalelo wokuphikisana:
    $ unp ifayile
    $ unp file.bz2 file.rpm file.dat file.lzip

    Ifomathi ezixhasiweyo:

    Iidola ezingasasebenziyo
    Iifomathi zoovimba ezaziwayo kunye nezixhobo:
    7z: p7zip okanye p7zip-epheleleyo
    ace: unace
    ar, ityala: iibinutils
    arj: arj
    bz2: bzip2
    Cab: cabextract
    chm: libchm-bin okanye archmage
    cpio, unyaka: cpio okanye unyaka
    dat: tnef
    dms: xdms
    Exe: mhlawumbi i-orenji okanye iziphu okanye ungafakiar okanye unarj okanye lha
    gz: gzip
    hqx: ii-macutils
    lha, lzh: lha
    lz: lzip
    lzma: xz-utils okanye lzma
    lzo: lzop
    lzx: unlzx
    mbox: formail kunye mpack
    pmd: ppmd
    rar: rar okanye unrar okanye unrar-free
    rpm: rpm2cpio kunye necpio
    ulwandle, ulwandle.bin: macutils
    shar: sharutils
    tar: itha
    tar.bz2, tbz2: tar nge bzip2
    tar.lzip: tar nge lzip
    ilzop, tzo: itha kunye ne-lzop
    tar.xz, txz: tar Nge-xz-utils
    tar.z: tar nge compress
    tgz, tar.gz: tar nge gzip
    uu: sharutils
    xz: xz-izixhobo
    Ukuphindaphinda ukubala akwenzi nto ku- / usr / bin / unp line 317.
    zip, cbz, cbr, ingqayi, imfazwe, indlebe, xpi, adf: unzip
    zoo: zoo

  3.   Umgxobhozo sitsho

    ukucoca iifayile zetar, i-tar -zxvf file.tgz ??
    Ndicinga kuphela -xvf yanele

  4.   Ubusuku beVampire sitsho

    Umntu owenza isifundo malunga nendlela yokufaka iPeaZip ku-Ubuntu kunye nezinye i-distros kunye nendlela yokuyihlanganisa neGnome kunye nePlasma 5, enkosi.

  5.   alejonet sitsho

    Enkosi ndiyavula uxwebhu ngokudlula kufakelo ubuntu 18

  6.   Nkosi_Chendho sitsho

    I-tuto elungileyo kodwa ingangcono kakhulu ukuba icompressors inokuthi isebenzise ukuphindaphindwa kwezinto. Kuya kufuneka ndikhuphe iifayile ze-4gb kwaye kuthatha ixesha elide kwi-ryzen 5 1600x. Nge-htop ndikwazile ukubona ukuba ukusebenza kusezantsi kakhulu kuba isebenzisa i-cpu enye.