CelOS, Ubuntu obuthatha indawo ye-Snap ngeFlatpak

Kwiintsuku ezininzi ezidlulileyo ukukhutshwa kwenguqulelo entsha ye Ubuntu 22.04 LTS “Jammy Jellyfish” inkxaso yexesha elide (LTS) version kunye nohlaziyo lwe-5 iminyaka, kule meko iya kuba ngo-Aprili 2027.

Inguqulelo apho zininzi iinguqu ezenziweyo kwaye apho, umzekelo, ukuhlaziywa kwendawo ye-desktop ye-GNOME 42 ivelele, enika iinketho zemibala ye-10 kwizitayile ezimnyama nezikhanyayo, ezifika kunye ne-Linux kernel 5.15 kwaye kwezinye izixhobo i-linux-oem-22.04 iya kubonelelwa I-5.17 kernel, kunye nomphathi wenkqubo ye-systemd ihlaziywe kuguqulelo lwama-249 kwaye apho impendulo yangethuba kwinkumbulo yokunqongophala, indlela ye-systemd-oomd isetyenziswa ngokungagqibekanga, phakathi kwezinye izinto (ukuba ufuna ukwazi ngakumbi ngayo, unga jonga inqaku elapapashwayo apha kwibhlog malunga nokuba yintoni entsha).

Kwaye oko inqaku lokuthetha malunga nokukhululwa kwe-Ubuntu 22.04, yiloo mihla emva kwayo se wakhupha uguqulelo beta yosasazo CelOS (i-Celestial OS), engafaniyo nezinye izinikezelo ezizibeka njenge "derivatives" le ayinjalo, njengoko isisiseko sokwakhiwa kwakhona kwe-Ubuntu, apho isixhobo sokulawula iphakheji ye-Snap sitshintshwa ngeFlatpak.

Ndiyathetha Ubuntu ngaphandle kwe-Snap, apho endaweni yokufaka izicelo ezongezelelweyo kwikhathalogu yeSitolo se-Snap, ukudibanisa kunye nekhathalogu yeFlathub kucetywayo.

Malunga neCelOS

Cwangcisa ibandakanya ukhetho lwezicelo zeGnome ezisasazwe kwifomathi yeFlatpak, kunye nokukwazi ukufaka ngokukhawuleza iinkqubo ezongezelelweyo kwikhathalogu yeFlathub.

Njengomsebenzi womsebenzisi, i-Gnome eqhelekileyo kunye nesikhumba se-Adwaita sicetywayo, ngendlela ephuhliswa ngayo yiprojekthi ephambili, ngaphandle kokusebenzisa i-Yaru yesikhumba enikezelwa ku-Ubuntu. I-Ubiquity eqhelekileyo isetyenziswa njengesifakeli.

ababandakanywanga yosasazo olusisiseko font-viewer, i-gnome-character kunye neseshini yobuntu kwaye apho iipakethe ze-gnome-tweak-tool, i-gnome-software, i-gnome-software-plugin-flatpak, i-Flatpak kunye ne-gnome-session yongezwa, kunye neepakethe ze-flatpak Adwaita-dark, Epiphany, gedit, Cheese, Calculator, iiwotshi. , Ikhalenda, Iifoto, Amagama, isibonisi sefonti, abafowunelwa, iMozulu kunye neFlatseal.

Umahluko phakathi kweFlatpak kunye ne-Snap yehla kwinto yokuba i-Snap ibonelela ngesiseko esincinci sexesha lokubaleka esifakwe kwisikhongozeli esekwe kwiinguqulelo ze-monolithic ze-Ubuntu Core, ngelixa iFlatpak isebenzisa iileya ezongezelelweyo zexesha lokubaleka ukongeza kwixesha eliphambili lokubaleka kwaye ihlaziywe ngokwahlukeneyo (ipakishwe) iiseti eziqhelekileyo zokuxhomekeka kwizicelo ukuba zisebenze.

Ke, i-Snap ihambisa uninzi lweelayibrari zesicelo kwicala lepakethe (kutsha nje kuye kwenzeka ukuhambisa amathala eencwadi amakhulu, anje nge-GNOME kunye ne-GTK, kwiiphakheji eziqhelekileyo), kwaye iFlatpak ibonelela ngeepakethi zamathala eencwadi aqhelekileyo kwiipakethe ezahlukeneyo (umzekelo, amathala zisiwe kumqulu ofunekayo ukuqhuba iGNOME okanye iinkqubo ze KDE) ukwenza imipakethe icuthene ngakumbi.

Iiphakheji zeFlatpak zisebenzisa umfanekiso osekelwe kwinkcazo ye-OCI (Vula Inyathelo leSikhongozeli), ngelixa i-Snap isebenzisa i-SquashFS yomfanekiso wokunyuka. Ukwahlula, iFlatpak isebenzisa umaleko weBubblewrap (isebenzisa amaqela, izithuba zamagama, i-Seccomp, kunye ne-SELinux) kunye nokulungelelanisa ukufikelela kwizixhobo ezingaphandle kwesikhongozeli, indlela ye-portal. I-Snap isebenzisa amaqela, izithuba zamagama, i-Seccomp, kunye ne-AppArmor ukuze ibekwe yodwa kunye nojongano oluplagayo ukunxibelelana nelizwe langaphandle kunye nezinye iipakethe.

I-Snap iphuhliswa phantsi kolawulo olupheleleyo lweCanonical kwaye ayilawulwa luluntu, ngelixa iprojekthi yeFlatpak izimele, ibonelela ngokudityaniswa okungcono kunye ne-GNOME, kwaye ayibophelwanga kwindawo yokugcina.

Khuphela kwaye ufumane iCelOS

Kwabo banomdla wokukwazi ukuzama iCelOS kufuneka ndikhankanye ukuba okwangoku unokufumana imifanekiso emibini yenkqubo. Enye yazo luguqulelo oluzinzileyo olukhoyo ngoku ku-Ubuntu 20.04 LTS kwaye omnye umfanekiso osele ukhankanyiwe yinguqulelo ye-beta, ekwi-Ubuntu 22.04 LTS.

Ubungakanani bomfanekiso wofakelo yi-3.7 GB kwaye inokufumaneka kwikhonkco elingezantsi.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
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  1.   URafael Romero sitsho

    Ray!! Ngaba umphathi wesoftware uvelisa ubugwenxa obungaka ukuba baphuhlise ukuhanjiswa okwahlukileyo? Yonke lento sele iqalile ukundicaphukisa. Ndingcono ngoku ngeFedora 35 kunye no-Ubuntu 20.04.
    Okwangoku, yintoni engavumeli Ubuntu 22.04 ukuba iqalise ngokuchanekileyo yile:
    -Akukho nkxaso yedotnet Core kule nguqulelo.
    – Inguqulelo ehlanganisiweyo ye-WPA_Supplicant ayindivumeli ukuba ndiqhagamshelane nePEAP/MSChap kuthungelwano lwenkampani yam. 🙁
    Ndilinde iinyanga ezimbalwa ngaphambi kokuba ndiyibeke njengeyona OS yam inemveliso.