Uyenza njani i-USB ebukhoma ngokugcina okungapheliyo

Phila ngokuqhubekayo kwe-USBEyona ndlela yokuvavanya inkqubo yokusebenza ngaphandle kokubeka emngciphekweni nayiphi na idatha kwikhompyuter yakho kukwenza nge-USB ebukhoma. I-USB ebukhoma sisiphelo esineenkqubo zokusebenza nayo yonke into eyimfuneko ukuyifaka kwenye iyunithi, ihlala ikwi-hard drive. Ingxaki koku kukuba qho xa siyiqala siqala ekuqaleni. Singakuphepha njani oku? Ukwenza ifayile ye- Phila i-USB ekwagcina nokugcina okungapheliyo.

Into yokuqala endifuna ukuyithetha kukuba kufuneka ucace ngumahluko phakathi kwesiqhelo i-USB ebukhoma kunye nokuzingisayo. Okanye ngaphezulu kokungafaniyo, chaza ukuba i-USB eqhelekileyo ebukhoma (enganyanzelisiyo) nayo inecala layo elilungileyo: singayaphula yonke into esiyifunayo engagcinwanga kwaye xa siqala yonke into iya kulunga kwakhona. Ingxaki kukuba ayizizo zonke izinto ezinokwenzeka kwi-Live Live ye-USB. Ukuba into oyifunayo yi- phantse inkqubo yokwenyani ebaleka ipendrive, kuya kufuneka siyenze ngolu hlobo lulandelayo.

Le USB iphilayo iya kuzikhumbula zonke iinguqu esizenzayo

Izidingo

  • Ikhompyuter apho siza kwenza yonke into.
  • Ipendrive apho siza kwenza khona i-USB eqhelekileyo ebukhoma.
  • Ipendrive yesibini leyo sizakuyiguqula ibe yi-Live ye-USB engapheliyo.
  • Unxibelelwano lwe-Intanethi (ukufaka isoftware).
  • Imizuzu embalwa.

Inkqubo

Apha ngezantsi ndicacisa yonke inkqubo ndicinga ukuba asinanto siyifunayo:

  1. Into yokuqala esiza kuyenza kukukhuphela inkqubo yokusebenza esifuna ukuyifaka. Ukuba inkqubo esifuna ukuqhubeka nayo yenye, kuya kufuneka sikhuphele enye inkqubo yokusebenza. Apha siza kuthetha ngento yokuba siza kufaka Ubuntu Persistent kwi-Ubuntu Live, zombini kwi-USB.
  2. Nje ukuba inkqubo yokusebenza ikhutshelwe, sivula isixhobo se "Boot Disk Creator".
  3. Senza i-USB ebukhoma apho siza kufaka khona ukuqhubeka. Ngale nto sikhetha umfanekiso we-ISO (umthombo) kunye ne-usb apho siza kuyifaka khona. Samkela kwaye silinde. Kule nqaku uneenkcukacha ezingaphezulu.
  4. Emva koko, siyayicima ikhompyuter kwaye siqale kwi-usb.
  5. Ayitsho into yokuba kufuneka siye kuseto lwenethiwekhi kwaye siqhagamshele kwi-WiFi ukuba asisebenzisi ntambo.
  6. Oku kulandelayo kukongeza indawo yokugcina i-mkusb:
sudo add-apt-repository universe
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mkusb/ppa
  1. Sihlaziya indawo yokugcina kwaye sifake isoftware:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install mkusb
  1. Nje ukuba sifakelwe senza lo myalelo, apho igama lomfanekiso liya kuba lelo lomfanekiso wakho kunye nendlela ebandakanyiweyo. I "p" yeyoku "gqolo":
sudo -H mkusb ubuntu-18.10-desktop.iso p

  1. Izinketho ziya kuvela kwiWindows terminal enye. Sikhetha owesibini, u "e" kwaye ucinezela u-Enter.
  2. Oku kulandelayo kulula. Sikhetha iyunithi apho siza kuyifaka khona.
  3. Simakisha ibhokisi ukuqala ufakelo kwaye sinika "ok".
  1. Kwiwindows 4 no-5 sinika u "q" ukukhetha ukhetho olungagqibekanga.
  2. Inyathelo lokugqibela kukukhetha ipesenti esiza kuyinika inkqubo yokusebenza eqhubekayo. Zonke ziya kufana ne-USB drive eqhelekileyo. Umzekelo, ukuba sine-32GB ye-pendrive, sinokuyixelela ukuba yenze i-50 eqhubekayo ye-USB ebukhoma (= 50% = 16GB) kwaye enye isetyenziselwa ukugcina idatha njengayo nayiphi na enye imali.
  3. Silindele ukuba ifakwe kwaye, xa inkqubo igqityiwe, siza kuba nayo

Ukuba usebenzise ezinye iindlela kwaye basilele kuwe, kuyinto eqhelekileyo ukuba ucinga ukuba le ayizukusebenza, kodwa iyasebenza. Ngapha koko, uya kuyijonga kwangoko xa uqala i-Live ye-USB engapheliyo kuba into oza kuyibona iya kwahluka kuyo yonke into oyibonileyo kwezinye iintlobo zokuqalisa:

Ukuqala ukuqala kwi-Live USB kuyaqhubeka.

Njengoko ubona, zimbini ezinye iindlela onokukhetha kuzo sinomdla kowokuqala ukuba ikhompyuter ine-4GB ye-RAM okanye ngaphantsi. Inketho yesibini iya kuthatha ixesha elide ukuqala, kodwa ke iya kuhamba ngokukhawuleza. Nje ukuba siqalise, into esiyibonayo iyafana kakhulu nale siyibonayo kwiSeshoni ebukhoma: ngasekhohlo sibona ukufikelela ngokuthe ngqo kwinkqubo yofakelo (Ubiquity). Ngasentla, i-hard drive. I-aykhoni yosetyenziso lofakelo ayikhangeleki kufanelekile, kodwa oku "kuyinto eqhelekileyo" kuba yifayile ephunyeziweyo engathembekanga kolu hlobo lwe-usb. Inokwenziwa, kodwa kuqala kuya kufuneka siyamkele njengekhuselekile (cofa kabini kwaye "uthembele kwaye wenze). Ewe kunjalo, i icon ayinakuze iphinde ibuyiselwe.

Kwaye iyakuba yiyo yonke, okanye phantse yonke: ngoku singayiphatha njengenkqubo yemveli, ke sinokuphelisa yonke into esingazukuyisebenzisa kunye nokufaka ezona zinto zinomdla kuthi. Sinokuphinda siyihlaziye inkqubo yokusebenza kunye nesoftware ekhoyo, ethatha ixesha elide kunofakelo lwehard drive. Xa uhlaziya isaziso kubonakala ngathi uhlaziyo oluzenzekelayo lukhubazekile; Apha siyishiya njengoko injalo, ekuya kuthi sikhethe kuyo ukhetho olumakishwe ngokusilelayo.

Ngaba ukhe wayizama le ndlela? Ingaba ihambe njani? Ngaba uyayazi indlela ebhetele nelula yokudala i-USB eqhubekayo ngoku? Zive ukhululekile ukugqabaza ngamava akho.

Yumi
Inqaku elidibeneyo:
Uyenza njani i-USB esebenzayo kunye neLinux Live distros usebenzisa iYumi

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo ezi-11, shiya ezakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   pablof sitsho

    Inomdla kakhulu… Kodwa…. Ngaba iyasebenza kwii-distros ezingasekelwanga kubuntu / kwi-debian ...?

    Phendula nge quote

    1.    IPablinux sitsho

      Molo Pablof. Kuya kufuneka isebenzele nayiphi na i-distro ehambelana ne-USB. Esi sixhobo asenzi mimangaliso ngaphaya kokwenza idrive evumela ukugcina iifayile kunye notshintsho loqwalaselo. Injengesixhobo sokudala isixhobo sediski ebesikade sifike ku-Ubuntu 15.10, kodwa ukhetho lokuzingisa lwasuswa ngo-16.04, andazi ukuba kutheni. Ukuba uguqulelo ofuna ukulusebenzisa aluxhasi i-Live USB, oku ngekhe kukusebenzele.

      A ubingelele.

  2.   UDaniel Grinovero sitsho

    Gracias

  3.   luis sitsho

    Iinkqubo ezinje ngeLinux Live USB Creator (yeeWindows) zikuvumela ukuba wenze ngokuthe ngqo ngelixa usenza i-USB eqalekayo kwi-ISO, ngaphandle kwesidingo sokuba neentonga ezimbini ze-USB kwaye ngaphandle kwezenzo ezingaphezulu kokujonga ibhokisi kunye nokukhetha inani lememori oza kuyisebenzisa. ufuna ukuzinikezela.

    Khange ndivavanye ukuze ndikwazi ukuthetha ukuba isebenza kakuhle kwaye isebenza ngokupheleleyo kodwa ke ngoku kulula kakhulu.

    1.    IPablinux sitsho

      Molo Luis. Ndizamile, kodwa ayikahlaziywa kwaye ayihambelani ne-EFI. Kwakhona iWindows kuphela kwaye ayivumeli idrive enkulu kune-4GB kuba isebenza kwiFAT32.

      Ukuba bayikhuphele i-Linux kunye ne-EFI ehambelana nayo, ndingayisebenzisa.

      A ubingelele.

  4.   Carlos sitsho

    Molo, ndingathanda ukwazi ukuba zeziphi iimfuno ekufuneka zenziwe nge-pendrive, ukufunda nokubhala isantya kunye nobungakanani ukuze isebenze ngeyona ndlela ibalaseleyo kunye nezona zincinci. Ndiyabulela kakhulu

    1.    IPablinux sitsho

      Molo Carlos. Akukho buncinci okanye ubuninzi. Ndingakuxelela ukuba kufanelekile ukuba i-pendrive okungenani i-8GB, enika indawo kwinkqubo yokusebenza kunye needayisi ezimbalwa "ezingaphezulu". Ngokubhala isantya sokubhala, kungcono, kuya kuba ngcono kuwe, kodwa kuyasebenza kuyo nayiphi na i-USB. Iipendrives yimemori yefleshi, ke akufuneki ikunike iingxaki ngaloo ndlela.

      A ubingelele.

  5.   Randall sitsho

    Molo mhlobo, ndinengxaki elandelayo xa ndiqala kwakhona ukukhetha ukhetho "Ukuqhubeka kokuzingisa" eqala ukundibuza malunga nolwimi, izowuni yexesha kunye negama lomsebenzisi, bendicinga kulungile kodwa iscreen apho imiyalezo iveliswa khona sondla izahlulelo ye-hdd kwaye usakhetha i-usb indixelela ukuba kufuneka ibe ngaphezulu kwe-16gb ngokuchanekileyo ubukhulu be-usb yam. Ndibhala phantsi ukuba ndiyenzela isoin enzulu

  6.   juan sitsho

    Molo, ndiyifakile nge-Ubuntu 20.04, kwaye xa ndiqala (ToRam) ndifumana i-Try efanayo okanye iFestile efanayo. Loluphi ukhetho ekufuneka uluthathe?

    1.    UIvoquin sitsho

      Nge-linux mint ulyana undinika:
      impazamo: idiski "i-hd0,4" ayifunyanwa.
      Impazamo: Kuya kufuneka ulayishe ikernel kuqala.

  7.   Jose Luis sitsho

    Ayiphumelelanga kum...
    Ndifumana le mpazamo:
    '/tmp/tmp.sBM07ODO9V/boot/grub/grub.cfg' ayifunyenwanga
    '/tmp/tmp.sBM07ODO9V/boot/grub/grub.cfg': ifayile ayifunyenwanga
    Le ndlela yokusebenzisa i-mkusb idinga 'grub.cfg' kwimvelaphi yefayile ye-iso, kwaye iyafumaneka kwiDebian kunye nosapho lwe-Ubuntu *amd64* iifayile ze-iso.

    Ndiyayizama ngo-Ubuntu Studio 22.04, kwaye bane-AMD64 kuphela...
    Yintoni enokwenziwa?
    Gracias