Uyifaka njani i-Ubuntu kwisithuba kunye nokugcinwa okuqhubekayo kweyona ndlela ikhuselekileyo yokubulela kwiibhokisi ze-GNOME

Ubuntu kwi-pendrive

Ngaphantsi nje kweminyaka emibini edlulileyo sibhale inqaku esichaze kulo Uyenza njani i-Ubuntu Live USB ngokugcina okungapheliyo. Lukhetho olufanelekileyo ukuba sifuna ukuthatha ufakelo lwe-USB kuthi kwaye sifuna ukugcina utshintsho esilwenzayo, kodwa ayisiyiyo inkqubo yokusebenza epheleleyo kuba ngamanye amaxesha ibangela iingxaki. Namhlanje siza kukubonisa indlela yokufaka Ubuntu kwi-pendrive ngokugcinwa okungapheliyo, kodwa loo pendrive iya kusebenza njengobuntu obufanayo esibufake kwi-hard drive.

Ubuntu ayisiyoyona ndlela yokusebenza inobuhlobo yokwenza ezi zinto, kungenjalo ubuze iserver eyenze noManjaro kwaye isifaki esifanayo sisenzela sona. Abanye bade bacebise ukunqamla i-hard drive ukunqanda iingxaki okanye ukwenza inkqubo yokufaka ihambe ngcono, kodwa siza kuyenza kumatshini obonakalayo, ngakumbi ngakumbi Iibhokisi zeGNOME.

Ubuntu kwi-pendrive ngokungathi yi-hard drive, kodwa iyaphatheka

Ngaphambi kokuba uqale ulahle izikrini, kufuneka wazi ukuba kukho umboniso wevidiyo ekupheleni kwesifundo.

  1. Into yokuqala esiza kuyenza kukuya kuyo ubuntu.com kwaye ukhuphele i-ISO yenkqubo yokusebenza.
  2. Ukuba asinayo, sifaka i-GNOME Boxes (Iibhokisi ngeSpanish). Ikwasebenza ngeVirtualBox, kodwa kule meko kufuneka sifake iiNtengiso zeNdwendwe njengoko kuchaziwe esi sixhobo.
  3. Sivula iibhokisi zeGNOME.
  4. Sinqakraza uphawu lokudibanisa kwaye emva koko «Yenza umatshini obonakalayo» okanye «Yenza uMatshini oSebenzayo».
  5. Skrolela ezantsi kwaye ukhethe ukhetho lomfanekiso wefayile.
  6. Sikhetha i-ISO esiyikhupheleyo kwinyathelo loku-1.
  7. Cofa ku «Yenza» ukuqala ukuphuma.
  8. Sazisa i-pendrive apho sifuna ukufaka Ubuntu.
  9. Xa iqala, sikhetha ulwimi lwethu kwaye "Zama Ubuntu".
  10. Sinqakraza kumanqaku amathathu kwiBhokisi yewindows kwaye ukhethe "iiProperties" (okanye "Properties", ngokuxhomekeke kulwimi).
  11. Siya kwithebhu yezixhobo kwaye senze i-pendrive yethu isebenze. Kwimeko yam yi-32GB SanDisk Ultra Fit. Ukuqhuba kuya kuvela kwi-Ubuntu GNOME Boxes. Kwaye, okona kubaluleke kakhulu, iya kuba yidiski ekhethiweyo yokufaka.
  12. Sivula i-GParted.
  13. Siqinisekisa ukuba sikhethe ixesha lokufika kwaye siyazicima zonke izahlulelo esinazo. Abanye banokufuneka bahlukaniswe kuqala.
  14. Samkela ukushiya i-USB ingenanto kwaye ingafakwanga.
  15. Xa sele singenanto, siya ku- «Icebo / Yenza itafile yokwahlula».
  16. Sikhetha "gpt" kwaye samkela ngokunqakraza "Faka isicelo".
  17. Ngoku senza izahlulelo ezingekho ngaphantsi kwama-512mb kwi-FAT32.
  18. Siqinisekisa ukuba i-pendrive ishiywe ngenxalenye engama-512mb (ubuncinci) kwaye enye ingenanto.
  19. Siphuma kwi-GParted kwaye siqale ukufaka.

Inkqubo yokufaka

  1. Cofa ku «Qhubeka», kuba kucingelwa ukuba sele sikhethile ulwimi ekuqaleni.
  2. Sikhetha ulwimi apho inkqubo yokusebenza iya kufakwa khona.
  3. Ukuba sinqwenela, sijonga ibhokisi ukufaka isoftware yomntu wesithathu. Into ekufuneka siyenzile kukucofa ku "Qhubeka".
  4. Kwaye nantsi into ebalulekileyo iqala. Sinqakraza «Olunye ukhetho».
  5. Kwi "Icebo apho ufaka khona umlayishi wesiqalo" sikhetha isahlulelo sethu seFAT32. Kwimeko yam ngu / dev / sda1.
  6. Sikhetha indawo yasimahla kwaye ucofe uphawu lokudibanisa (+).
  7. Siyishiya «inkqubo yefayile ext4 yefayile» nakwi «Mount point» sikhetha ingcambu, engu «/» uphawu. Cofa ku «Kulungile».
  8. Sinqakraza kwisahlulelo «FAT32» kwaye emva koko «Guqula».
  9. Kwi «Sebenzisa njenge:» sikhetha «Isahlulelo senkqubo« EFI ». Cofa ku «Kulungile».
  10. Ngoku nqakraza ku "Faka ngoku" kwaye wamkele umyalezo ngokunqakraza ku "Qhubeka".
  11. Siyaqhubeka noqwalaselo lomntu, ukuqala ngommandla wexesha.
  12. Silungiselela igama lomsebenzisi kunye negama lokugqitha.
  13. Ngoku kufuneka sinyamezele. Kwikhompyuter yam, ufakelo luthatha ngaphezulu kweyure.
  14. Nje ukuba inkqubo yokufaka igqityiwe, singaphuma kwiibhokisi ze-GNOME kwaye sicime ibhokisi eya kuthi yenziwe.
  15. Sibeka i-pendrive kwi-PC kwaye siqale kuyo.

Owu ... ayisebenzi ...

  1. Ngokukhawuleza xa siqala kwi-Ubuntu esandula ukufakwa kwisithuba siza kubona umyalezo wemposiso, kodwa oko kudala ifayile ye-EFI. Silinde umzuzwana.
  2. Nje ukuba ifayile ye-EFI yenziwe, isibonisa ezinye iincukuthu. Siyabamkela ngokucinezela naliphi na iqhosha.
  3. Siza kuyibona i-GRUB. Saqala ... kodwa ayiyi.
  4. Ngoku into ekufuneka siyenzile kukuzama kwakhona. Ixesha lesibini siqala yonke into iza kuhamba njengoko kulindelwe. Ewe, hayi kwasekuqaleni; Amaxesha okuqala ayacotha, kodwa ukusebenza kuyaphucuka ngokusetyenziswa.

Elo pendrive inokusetyenziswa nakweyiphi na iPC, kodwa useto, njengobuntununtunu bepaneli yethinta, yinto ekuya kufuneka siyilungelelanise rhoqo xa sitshintsha izixhobo. Ayisiyeyona ndlela intle kakhulu eyenzekayo ekugqibeleni, kodwa yeyona ikhuselekileyo kwaye, okona kubaluleke kakhulu, iyasebenza.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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