Uyifaka njani inkqubo ku-Ubuntu

Iiphakheji zebuntu logo

Ukufaka inkqubo ku-Ubuntu ngumsebenzi olula kakhulu. Ubuntu bongeza iinkqubo eziqhelekileyo ngokungagqibekanga kwaye inamandla i-Linux inayo, nangona kunjalo, ukuba ufuna isoftware ethe kratya ungayifaka ngendlela elula ngokulandela amanyathelo esiwabonisa apha ngezantsi. Ukuba ufuna ulwazi malunga nokwenzekayo ngalo lonke ixesha ufaka inkqubo ku-Ubuntu, enokubandakanya imibuzo malunga nedatha yezobuchwephesha, ungayifumana kumanqaku ayibandakanyayo, anje nge Iipakethe kunye noLawulo lwePakeji o Ukufaka iPhakheji.

Kwi-Ubuntu (kunye neLinux ngokubanzi), ngokungafaniyo kwihlabathi leWindows, akukho sidingo sokukhangela inkqubo ngesandla kwi-intanethi, uyikhuphele kwaye ufake iilayibrari ezininzi eziyimfuneko ekusebenzeni kwayo. Okokuba kukho iindawo zokugcina izinto (jonga isoftware kunye nohlaziyo), uhlobo lwendawo yokugcina esembindini equlathe yonke isoftware ekhoyo kwaye ihlala ihlaziyiwe. Kufuneka nje sikhethe usetyenziso kwaye inkqubo sele ikhathalela ukukhuphela kunye nokuyifaka kuphela.

Zininzi iindlela zokufaka inkqubo ku-Ubuntu. Siza kubazisa kuwe ukusuka kwelona nqanaba lisezantsi ukuya kwelona liphezulu «ukuntsokotha».

1. IZiko leSoftware Ubuntu

IZiko leSoftware Ubuntu

Eyona ndlela ilula kunye neyona inomdla kuzo zonke kukusebenzisa esi sicelo. Njengoko i-Ubuntu iphuhlisiwe, ukusebenza kuye kongezwa okuye kwanikezela nge Iimpawu zevenkile yokwenene yesoftware apho kukho amawaka ezicelo ezifumanekayo kubasebenzisi.

Ukufikelela kufuneka sicofe i icon IZiko leSoftware, ngaphakathi kwebar yokuqalisa okanye isiqalisi Ngasekhohlo kwesikrini; okanye ngokunqakraza kwisindululi sokuqala kunye ne-logo ye-Ubuntu evula iDashboard okanye dash nokubhala okanye ukukhangela IZiko leSoftware.

Esi sicelo sahlulwe sangamacandelo aliqela:

  1. Kulo imivimbo ephezulu sinezinto ezilandelayo Zonke izicelo, Ifakiwe kunye Imbali.
  2. A la ngasekhohlo zizicelo ezahlulwe ngokwamacandelwana.
  3. Kulo centro zizicelo ezahlulwe ngu Eyangoku kungekudala y Ezona zikala ziphezulu.
  4. Kulo ngasentla ekunene Sinokhetho lokukhetha Usesho.

Nje ukuba sikhethe iphakheji okanye usetyenziso esifuna ukulifaka, sinokucinezela ngokuthe ngqo kwiqhosha elihambelanayo kwaye silinde ukuba libandakanywe kwinkqubo yethu. Ukuba sifuna ukufumana iinkcukacha ezithe kratya malunga nesicelo, yenzelwe ntoni, yintoni plugins ukufakwa okanye ukuvavanywa kunye nezimvo zabasebenzisi, sinokulujonga lonke olu lwazi ngokuchofoza Olunye ulwazi. Nje ukuba ukufakwa kwesicelo kugqityiwe, iqhosha Faka iya kuba ngokuzenzekelayo Khupha ngaphandle kwaye ukusuka apha singasusa usetyenziso kwinkqubo. Njengoko ubona, yonke into ilula kakhulu kwaye inomdla.

2. Umphathi wePakethe yeSynaptic

Usetyenziso lweSynaptic

I-Synaptic yinkqubo ehambele phambili Ukufakwa kunye nokususwa kwezicelo kuneZiko leSoftware. Nangona kunjalo, okusingqongileyo kuyigrafiki kwaye kunamandla amakhulu, kwaye kunolawulo olupheleleyo kwizicelo ezifakwe kwinkqubo, ukuxhomekeka kwazo kunye neenguqulelo ezahlukeneyo zeephakeji ezinokufakwa ngokweemfuno. Ukusukela Ubuntu 12.04 Synaptic ayifakwanga ngokungagqibekanga kwaye ukuba sifuna ukuyisebenzisa, kufuneka siyifake kwiZiko leSoftware, sikhangele Synaptic.

Ukuvula i-Synaptic kuya kufuneka ucofe kwisiqalisi sokuqala sebar kunye ne-Ubuntu logo, siya kuvula iDashboard kwaye siya kubhala okanye sikhangele Umphathi wephakheji ye-Synaptic. Ngalo mphathi sinokufaka, ukufaka kwakhona kunye nokususa iiphakheji ngendlela elula kakhulu yemizobo. Iscreen seSynaptic njengoko ubona sahlulwe sangamacandelo ama-4. Ezona zibini zibalulekileyo luluhlu olubandakanya icandelo (1) lecandelo (3) kwicala lasekhohlo kunye nephakheji (4) kwicala lasekunene. Ukukhetha iphakheji kuluhlu kuya kubonisa inkcazo (XNUMX).

Ukufaka iphakheji siya kukhetha udidi, cofa ekunene kwiphakheji oyifunayo kwaye ukhethe Phawula ukufaka okanye siza kucofa kabini kwigama lephakheji. Ngale ndlela siya kuphawula zonke iipakeji esinqwenela ukuzifaka kwinkqubo kwaye siza kucofa kwiqhosha aplicar ukuba ufakelo lwakho luqale. I-Synaptic iya kukhuphela kuphela iiphakheji eziyimfuneko Ukusuka koovimba abakwi-intanethi okanye kwi-CD yokufaka.

Unokusebenzisa iqhosha search ukufumana iipakeji esifuna ukuzifaka. Ngokucofa eli qhosha sinokukhangela iinkqubo ngegama okanye inkcazo. Nje ukuba inkqubo esifuna ukuyifaka ibekho, sicofa kabini kuyo ukuyifaka. Ukuba sifuna ukucima inkqubo, konke ekufuneka sikwenzile kukucofa ekunene kuyo kwaye ukhethe Cima o Cima ngokupheleleyo.

Kuzo zonke iimeko, utshintsho luza kusebenza sakuba nje sicofe iqhosha lokufaka isicelo.

Umphathi weSynaptic, njengeZiko leSoftware, ikhathalela ukusombulula ukuxhomekeka kwephakheji ngokwayo ukuze izicelo zisebenze ngokufanelekileyo. Ngendlela efanayo, kunokwenzeka ukuba uyiqwalasele ukuba ifake iipakeji ezicetyiswayo ezinokuthi, ngaphandle kokufunwa sisicelo, zikwazi ukuzalisekisa eminye imisebenzi eyongezelelweyo. Ukuba sifuna ukwenza oku kuziphatha singaya Cwangcisa > Okuthandayo, kwaye kwithebhu ngokubanzi khangela ibhokisi Phatha iipakeji ezinconywayo njengokuxhomekeka.

3. ukufumana kunye nokuyalela ngokufanelekileyo ngokusebenzisa ikhonsoli

Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku siyibonile indlela yemizobo yokufaka iinkqubo ku-Ubuntu. Emva koko siza kubona indlela yokwenza oku kodwa kwisiphelo sendlela. Nangona uninzi lwabasebenzisi lubuyiselwa umva ngayo yonke into enxulumene "nezikrini ezimnyama", kuya kufuneka uyazi ukuba le ndlela ayibandakanyi naziphi na iingxaki. Ngokungafaniyo, ikhululekile kwaye ilula kwaye ngokuqinisekileyo iyakhawuleza.

Imiyalelo esisiseko esiza kuyichaza iyasebenza ukufumana ngokufanelekileyo (o Wayenyanisile ukusukela Ubuntu 14.04) kunye ukufaneleka. Zombini zisebenza ngendlela efanayo, kodwa kufuneka sikhumbule ukuba xa sizicenga kufuneka sibenamalungelo olawulo, ke hlala ubukele umthetho sudo.

Sivula i-terminal ngesiqalisi sokuqala sebar kunye ne-Ubuntu logo, emva koko kwiDashboard kwaye sibhala okanye sikhangele: iTheminali. Ikwavulwa ngokucinezela indibaniselwano yesitshixo Ctrl + Alt + T.

  • Ukufaka iipakeji:
sudo apt-get install nombre-del-paquete
  • Faka iiphakheji ezininzi:
sudo apt-get install nombre-del-paquete1 nombre-del-paquete2 nombre-del-paquete3
  • Khipha iiphakheji:
sudo apt-get remove nombre-del-paquete
  • Khipha iphakheji kunye neefayile zoqwalaselo ezinxulumene nayo:
sudo apt-get remove --purge nombre-del-paquete
  • Hlaziya uluhlu lweephakeji ezikhoyo kwindawo yokugcina izinto
sudo apt-get update
  • Hlaziya zonke iipakeji ezifakwe kwikhompyuter
sudo apt-get upgrade

Nje ukuba siphumeze lo myalelo, inkqubo inokusibuza ukuba sifuna ukufaka ipakeji kunye nezinto esizikhethileyo kunye nabanye abaxhomekeke kuyo, besibonisa iinkcukacha ezithile zayo njengegama elipheleleyo, uguqulelo okanye ubungakanani. Siza kuphendula ngokuqinisekileyo kwaye silinde ukugqiba ukufakela.

 

Esi sisiphelo sesi sikhokelo apho sikubonise khona iindlela ezahlukeneyo zokufaka iiphakeji ku-Ubuntu. Siyathemba ukuba uyifumana iluncedo.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo ezi-10, shiya ezakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   Pedro sitsho

    Inqaku elinomdla kum, kuba ndihlazekile ku-Ubuntu, ndingakubuza umbuzo malunga nokuba ungabafaka njani abaqhubi. Ndineadaptha ye-USB ye-wifi esuka kwi-TP-Link (Archer T2U) ndikhuphele abaqhubi beLinux kwiwebhusayithi yabo esemthethweni (Archer T2U_V1_150901) kodwa ?? Andazi ukuba zifakwe njani.
    Enkosi kwaye Malunga

    1.    ULuis Gomez sitsho

      Molo Pedro, malunga nombuzo wakho kufuneka ndikuxelele ukuba, phantse kuyo yonke into ekhompyutheni, kuyaxhomekeka. Ukuba sithetha ngabaqhubi bepropathi, ngokubanzi iskripthi okanye inkqubo ibandakanyiwe eyenza umsebenzi wokuzifaka kwinkqubo yethu. Okokuqala, jonga ukuba akukho fayile ifundwayo ebonisa amanyathelo ekufuneka elandelwe ngokuthe ngqo kumlawuli ofuna ukongeza. Okwesibini, ndiza kukuxelela ukuba, ukuba ukhuphele i-tarball, jonga ukuba ukhona na umbhalo onokuwazisa kumgca wokuyalela ngokongeza iipropathi ezisebenzayo.

  2.   ndixakekile sitsho

    Ku-Ubuntu, ngobunye, kunokwenzeka ukuba uyifake ngokuthe ngqo kwiDashboard.

    Un saludo

  3.   Pedro sitsho

    Enkosi kakhulu ngolwazi, andikayiboni nayiphi na ifayile yokufunda ebonisa amanyathelo ekufuneka elandelwe, ndade ndanxibelelana ne-TP-Link kwaye babengazi ukuba bangandinika njani imiyalelo yokufakwa kwayo.

  4.   UJohn Jackson sitsho

    Molo Luis, Enkosi ngegalelo lakho elicacileyo, elilula nelingqalileyo.

    Ndisandula ukufaka inguqulelo ye-Ubuntu 10.10 kwilaptop, ingxaki eyibonakalisayo kukungakwazi ukukhangela kwi-intanethi nokuba ibhaqa kwaye iqhagamshela kwi-WiFi. nge-ethernet ukuba ndiyakwazi ukusefa, ibhaqa inethiwekhi ye-windows nayo yonke loo nto. Ngothungelwano olungenazingcingo icacisa kuphela ukuba ixhunyiwe. Sele ndinike i-DHCP ithuba lokwenza umsebenzi ngesandla (IP, imaski ye-Subnet, isango, i-DNS) kwaye ingxaki iyaqhubeka.

    Ndizamile nokuzenzela uxwebhu kumnatha, kodwa akukho mzamo undisebenzeleyo.

    Ngaba ungandinceda ndifumanise oku.

    Ndiyabulela kwangaphambili

  5.   UJuan jackson sitsho

    I-PS sele ndisisombulule

  6.   UMarcos Lopez sitsho

    Ukubulisa
    Ndimtsha kule ubuntu, ndiyifakile inguqulelo ye-16.04 kodwa ndinengxaki yokuba nantoni na endifuna ukuyifaka ayindivumeli, ndizamile kwikhonsoli kwaye akukho nto, kwiziko lesoftware akukho nto, ndizamile ukufaka i-synaptic ukusuka kwikhonsoli kwaye indixelela ukuba akukho mgqatswa.
    Naziphi na izimvo?
    Okokuqala, Enkosi

  7.   Alfredo sitsho

    kukho umntu owaziyo apho ndinokukhuphela khona uhlobo lwengcaciso ukukhuphela kwi-armbian ye-ubuntu 16.04.2. Ukuba kukho umntu onempendulo, nxibelelana nam kule imeyile ilandelayo:
    acuesta1996@gmail.com

  8.   URosa Virginia sitsho

    Molweni zihlobo, enkosi ngenxaso yenu exabisekileyo
    Ndinengxaki. Idiski yam yohlulelwe ngo-3.sahlulelo1 se-windons, se-partiticon2 Ndine-linux, kunye ne-3 yezona zinto ndizisebenzisayo, njenge-backup.
    IArta de windons kunye neentsholongwane zazo ezidumileyo, ndigqibe kwelokuba ndisebenzise i-linux kuphela kuyo yonke into, ngakumbi ukunxibelelana ne-intanethi, faka iZorin 9 (esekwe kubuntu)
    x ucime iipakeji zomlilo kwaye ngoku andazi ukuba ndisombulula njani ingxaki
    Sele ndizamile iindlela ngeendlela, njengokuhlaziya uhlaziyo, ukuphucula, ukufaka i-firefox x iziko lesoftware.
    Le yimpazamo yam ngohlaziyo:

    Impazamo http://security.ubuntu.com ukuthembela-ukhuseleko / eyona mithombo iphambili
    Impazamo http://security.ubuntu.com ukuthembela-ukhuseleko / eyona mithombo iphambili
    404 ayifumanekanga [IP: 91.189.91.26 80]
    Ifunyenwe i-3.547 kB kwi-34min 28s (1.714 B / s)
    Uluhlu lweencwadi zokufunda… Yenziwe
    W: Impazamo yenzekile ngexesha lokuqinisekiswa kotyikityo.
    Indawo yokugcina ayihlaziywa kwaye iifayile zangaphambili zesalathiso ziya kusetyenziswa.
    Impazamo ye-GPG: http://deb.opera.com InRelease ezinzileyo: Ezi tyikityo zilandelayo azinakuqinisekiswa kuba isitshixo soluntu asifumaneki: NO_PUBKEY D615560BA5C7FF72
    W: Akukho zitshixo zoluntu ziyafumaneka kwezi zitshixo zilandelayo:
    I-1397BC53640DB551
    W: Ayiphumelelanga ukulanda http://deb.opera.com/opera/dists/stable/InRelease
    W: Ayiphumelelanga ukulanda i-gzip: /var/lib/apt/lists/partial/ve.archive.ubuntu.com_ubuntu_dists_trusty-updates_universe_binary-i386_Packages Hash Sum misismatch
    W: Ayiphumelelanga ukulanda http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/dists/stable/Release Ayikwazi ukufumana ungeniso olulindelekileyo 'oluphambili / lwebhinari-i386 / iipakeji' kwifayile yokuKhupha (Imithombo engalunganga.
    W: Ayiphumelelanga ukulanda http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/trusty-security/main/source/Sources 404 ayifumanekanga [IP: 91.189.91.26 80]
    W: Ezinye iifayile zesalathiso zisilele ukukhuphela. Azikhathalelwanga, okanye ezindala zisetyenzisiwe endaweni yoko.

    inyani kukuba xa uzama ukuyifaka kwakhona iphosa impazamo.
    Nceda ukuba umntu angandinceda !!!

    1.    UDavid yeshael sitsho

      Molo Rosa, kule nto ndiyibonayo, kuqala iphosa le nto kuwe kuba ayifumani dilesi, kuba ayisasebenzi.
      «Impazamo http://security.ubuntu.com ukuthembela-ukhuseleko / eyona mithombo iphambili
      Impazamo http://security.ubuntu.com Ezithembekileyo / eyona mithombo iphambili »
      "Akufumaneki i-404 [IP: 91.189.91.26 80]".
      Okwesibini kukuba awuzange ungenise izitshixo zikawonkewonke ze-opera
      «Impazamo ye-GPG: http://deb.opera.com InRelease ezinzileyo: Ezi tyikityo zilandelayo azinakuqinisekiswa kuba isitshixo soluntu asifumaneki: NO_PUBKEY D615560BA5C7FF72 ″

      Ungasibonisa uluhlu lwakho lwemithombo, uyayenza nge:
      ikati /etc/apt/source.list