I-Zabbix 7.0 LTS ifika nokutshintshwa kwelayisensi, ukuphuculwa kunye nokunye

Zabbix eziphambili

Kuye kwabhengezwa ukukhululwa kwenguqulelo entsha ye "Zabbix 7.0", efika njengethuba elisemthethweni lenkxaso (LTS) version kunye noko Ukuqala ngolu hlobo lwe-7.0, ikhowudi yeprojekthi ngoku isasazwa phantsi kwelayisensi ye-AGPLv3, endaweni yelayisenisi ye-GPLv2, njengoko kukhankanyiwe ukuba uphawu olwahlukileyo lwe-AGPLv3 kukwaziswa kwezithintelo ezongezelelweyo zezicelo ezibonelela ngeenkonzo zenethiwekhi.

Xa usebenzisa amacandelo e-AGPL ekuboneleleni ngeenkonzo zenethiwekhi, umphuhlisi unyanzelekile ukuba anike umsebenzisi ikhowudi yomthombo wazo zonke iinguqu ezenziwe kula macandelo, nokuba i-software ephantsi yenkonzo ayisasazwanga kwaye isetyenziswe kuphela kwiziseko zangaphakathi. ukulungelelanisa ukusebenza kwenkonzo.

Iindaba eziphambili kwiZabbix 7.0

Kolu guqulelo olutsha oluvezwa kwiZabbix 7.0, i ukwaziswa kwemowudi “yokwenziwayo yokuhlola iiwebhusayithi kunye nezicelo” esebenzisa injini yesiphequluli kunye nezikripthi eziyinkimbinkimbi kwaye ivumela ukudalwa kwesikrini sesimo sesayithi, ukubonwa kwentsebenzo kunye nokubeka iliso kwidatha ethile kwizicelo zewebhu.

Enye into entsha yeZabbix 7.0 yi inkxaso yokudibanisa iproxy kunye nokulinganisa umthwalo kwiiseva ezininzi, kunye nokusetyenziswa kwe-balancers ukuqinisekisa ulungelelwaniso oluphezulu lokufumaneka kwi-Zabbix. I-scalability yezisombululo ezikhoyo ezisekelwe kwi-Zabbix ziphuculwe ngokuphumeza iiseva zeproxy ezongezelelweyo.

Yenza amaqela ommeli alungeleleneyo

Ibeyi ukwanda kwe-scalability kunye nesantya sokuqokelelwa kwedatha usebenzisa i-asynchronous polling, ekuvumela ukuba ucele i-metric elandelayo ngaphandle kokulinda isicelo sangaphambili ukuba siqhutywe. Umqokeleli ngamnye uxhasa ukuya kuthi ga kwi-1000 yokuqinisekisa okufanayo. Lo msebenzi we-asynchronous unokusetyenziswa kwiiarhente kunye nabalawuli abasebenzisa i-SNMP kunye ne-HTTP.

Ukongeza, baye bafaka amawijethi amatsha ukujonga iimetrics kunye nobume beziseko, nanjalo Ukukhangela okuguquguqukayo kwewijethi kwimowudi yephaneli kuphunyeziwe, ngonxibelelwano oluchaphazela ukuboniswa kolwazi phakathi kwamawijethi. Ukongeza, ukukwazi ukuhlaziya amawijethi ngokuzenzekelayo xa utshintsha umthombo wedatha wongezwa. Zonke iiwijethi ziyahambelana neetemplates zomkhosi kwaye uninzi lwazo zixhasa amaxabiso okongeziweyo.

Kwi-Zabbix 7.0 LTS ukongeza useto lwexesha eliphakathi, ifikeleleka nge-GUI kunye ne-API, ikuvumela ukuba uchaze ixesha lokuphuma komntu ngokunxulumene nezinto ezithile okanye ukhuphe ixesha lokuphuma kwinqanaba le-proxy.

amaxesha okuqokelelwa kwedatha

Ye- Olunye utshintsho olwahlukileyo:

  • Isantya sokumisela ukufumaneka kwemikhosi kwiinethiwekhi ziye zanda kakhulu, ukuya kumaxesha angama-100 ngokukhawuleza, ngenxa yokuhambelana kweetshekhi.
  • Inkxaso yokuqinisekiswa kwezinto ezimbini usebenzisa i-Time-based One-Time Password (TOTP) idibaniswe.
  • Ukusebenza kakuhle kwe-proxy kunye nokusebenza ngokufanelekileyo ngokugcina i-metrics eqokelelweyo kwi-RAM ngaphandle kokufuna i-disk buffer.
  • Iskimu se-hybrid siye saziswa esivumela ukuba idatha igcinwe kwimemori kunye nediski.
  • Ukuqinisekiswa kokuchaneka kweefayile zoqwalaselo.
  • Ukuguquguquka okukhulu kokufunyanwa komkhosi kwiindawo ezinzima ezifana neVMware kunye neKubernetes.
  • Ukuphuculwa komsebenzi ongaphambili ngokutshintsha ingqiqo yokujonga amalungelo okufikelela.
  • Ukwandiswa okubalulekileyo kwezakhono zokubeka iliso ze-DNS.
  • Ukudluliselwa kweengxelo zePDF ezenziwe ngokuzenzekelayo kudidi oluzinzileyo, kunye nenkxaso ephunyeziweyo yeedeshibhodi zamaphepha amaninzi kwiingxelo zePDF.
  • Ukuzinziswa kwamandla okuhambisa ukuthumela iimethrikhi kunye neziganeko kwiinkqubo zangaphandle.
  • Kongezwe ukukwazi ukunqumama ukuqokelelwa kwedatha elahlekileyo ngexesha lobhaqo oluzenzekelayo.
  • Kongezwe ukukwazi ukuqhuba izikripthi kwi-arhente esebenzayo, kunye nenkxaso yeentlobo zedatha yokubini kunye nemisebenzi emitsha yokuvula.
  • Ukukhawuleza okubalulekileyo kokusebenza kunye nedatha yePrometheus.

Okokugqibela, ukuba unomdla wokwazi ngakumbi ngayo, ungajongana neenkcukacha kwi ukulandela ikhonkco.

Uyifaka njani iZabbix kwi-Ubuntu nakwiziphumo?

Kulabo abanomdla wokukwazi ukufaka inguqu entsha, kubalulekile ukukhankanya ukuba ukuphucula ukusuka kwiinguqulelo zangaphambili, kufuneka ufake kuphela iibhinari ezintsha (umncedisi kunye nommeleli) kunye ne-interface entsha. I-Zabbix iya kuhlaziya ngokuzenzekelayo isiseko sedatha. Akukho mfuneko yokufaka ii-arhente ezintsha.

Si Ngaba ufuna ukufaka le nto kwinkqubo yakho, ungayenza ngokuvula i-terminal (ungasebenzisa indibaniselwano yesitshixo Ctrl + Alt + T) kwaye kuyo uyokuchwetheza oku kulandelayo:

wget https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/7.0/ubuntu/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_7.0-1%2Bubuntu24.04_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i zabbix-release_7.0-1%2Bubuntu24.04_all.deb
sudo apt update 
sudo apt -y install zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-frontend-php zabbix-apache-conf zabbix-agent

Kwimeko yezinye iinguqulelo ze-Ubuntu ungasebenzisa enye yezi phakheji zilandelayo. Ubuntu 22.04:

wget https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/7.0/ubuntu/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_7.0-1%2Bubuntu22.04_all.deb

Ubuntu 20.04

wget https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/7.0/ubuntu/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_7.0-1%2Bubuntu20.04_all.deb

Ubuntu 18.04

wget https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/7.0/ubuntu/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_7.0-1%2Bubuntu18.04_all.deb

Ubuntu 16.04

wget https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/7.0/ubuntu/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_7.0-1%2Bubuntu16.04_all.deb

I-Zabbix isebenzisa i-database yokugcina ulwazi, ngoko kufuneka ube nenye yenkxaso esele ifakwe kwindlela yakho, ngaphezu kokusebenzisa i-Apache, ngoko ke ndincoma ukufaka iLamp. Ukuhlohla kwenziwe ngoku kufuneka senze i-database yeZabbix, sinokukwenza oku ngokuchwetheza:

sudo mysql -uroot -p password
mysql> create database zabbix character set utf8 collate utf8_bin; 
mysql> grant all privileges on zabbix.* to zabbix@localhost identified by 'contraseña'; mysql> quit

Apho 'igama eligqithisiweyo' elinegama eligqithisiweyo ledatha yakho ekufuneka uyikhumbule okanye ubhale phantsi ukuyibeka kamva kwifayile yoqwalaselo.

Ngoku siza kungenisa oku kulandelayo:

zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql*/create.sql.gz | mysql -uzabbix -p zabbix

Y masihlele le fayile ilandelayo, apho siza kubeka khona igama eligqithisiweyo ledatha:

sudo nano /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf

Kwaye siza kukhangela umgca "DBPassword =" apho siza kubeka igama eligqithisiweyo ledatha.

Ngoku siza kuhlenga ifayile /etc/zabbix/apache.conf:

Kwaye sijonga umgca "php_value date.

php_value date.timezone America/Mexico

Ekugqibeleni siqala inkonzo kunye:

sudo systemctl restart zabbix-server zabbix-agent apache2

sudo systemctl enable zabbix-server zabbix-agent apache2

Ukufikelela kwiZabbix, ungayenza kwisikhangeli sakho sewebhu ngokuhamba kwindlela (kwimeko yeserver) http: // server_ip_or_name / zabbix okanye kwikhompyuter yendawo yekhaya / zabbix


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