Ukuthuthukiswa kokuxhumana kwe-APT okumenyezelwe ku-Debian 13 naku-Ubuntu 24.10

Umphathi wephakheji ye-APT unokuxhumana okusha

Nakuba izinguqulo zokuqala zonyaka zokusabalalisa okuyinhloko zingakashicilelwa, sesivele sazi ukuthi yiziphi izindaba esingazilindela ekupheleni konyaka. Amanethiwekhi omphakathi manje umemezele ukuthuthukiswa kwesixhumi esibonakalayo se-APT ku-Debian 13 naku-Ubuntu 24.10.

I-APT isifinyezo seThuluzi Lephakheji Elithuthukile. Leli ithuluzi elisetshenziswa ezinhlelweni ezisuselwa ku-Debian ukuphatha amaphakheji esoftware.. Iyona ephethe umsebenzi wokufaka, ukuvuselela, kanye nokukhipha izinhlelo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, izenzela ngokuzenzakalelayo ukuphathwa kokuncika futhi ilawule izinguqulo zezinhlelo ezifakiwe.

Phakathi kwemisebenzi ye-APT yile:

  • Ukufakwa Kwesoftware Okulula: Gwema ukuthi useshe mathupha futhi ufake okuncikile okudingekayo futhi ukuxwayise uma kungatholakali.
  • Ukuvuselelwa Kwesoftware Okuzenzakalelayo: Ibuyekeza zonke izinhlelo ezifakiwe zibe inguqulo yakamuva etholakala kumakhosombe ngaphandle kokuthi umsebenzisi alinde ukushicilelwa kwawo.
  • Ukususwa Kwesoftware: I-APT ibika ukuba khona kwamaphakheji angadingekile futhi ikuvumela ukuthi ususe izinhlelo zokusebenza ngaphandle kokuthinta lonke uhlelo
  • Ukusesha Kwephakheji:  Umphathi wephakheji ikuvumela ukuthi useshe amakhosombe wohlelo lokusebenza oluthile.
  • Ukuphathwa kwamakhosombe: I-APT inokubhaliswa kwezinhlobo ezahlukene zamakhosombe, okusivumela ukuthi sengeze ezinye izindlela futhi sisuse lezo esingasazidingi.

Bamemezele ukuthuthukiswa kwesixhumi esibonakalayo se-APT. Lezi izi

Ukuthuthukiswa kwaba kumenyezelwe ngunjiniyela weCanonical kanye nonjiniyela we-APT u-Julian Andrés Klode ku-akhawunti yakhe ye-Linkedin kanye Sizokwazi ukuwahlola maduze ku-Debian Unstable futhi ekusabalaliseni okusekelwe kuyo njengo-Ubuntu 24.10. Kulabo abakhetha inguqulo ezinzile ye-Debian, eyokuqala ukuba nayo kuzoba yinguqulo engu-13 Trixie ezofika maphakathi nonyaka ozayo.

Phakathi kwezinguquko esizozibona ku-interface yomsebenzisi ye-APT 3.0 ukumelwa kusetshenziswa amakholomu okwenza ukusesha amagama ephakheji kusheshe. Ukwengeza, imibala efana nebomvu yalokho okufanele isuswe kanye nohlaza kwezinye izinguquko isisetshenziswa manje, okwenza kube lula ukuhlonza imiyalo ngokushesha.

Amabha enqubekelaphambili anoketshezi kakhulu njengoba amelwe ngamabhulokhi e-Unicode futhi, ulwazi olubalulekile lwaba nelungelo phezu kobuningi bemininingwane ukuze lukwazi ukufinyelela kulo kalula.

UJulian ngokwakhe uchaza ezinye izinzuzo zomklamo omusha

Uma uke wafaka ama-kernel amaningi kakhulu ohlelweni lwakho lwe-Debian noma Ubuntu, noma amaphakheji amaningi kakhulu futhi uphelelwe isikhala, i-APT [3.0] izokukhombisa ukuthi singakanani isikhala esitholakalayo, futhi izokuxwayisa uma uya yeqa leso sikhala, futhi kucatshangelwa ama-partitions ahlukene / wokuqalisa.

Kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi i-APT isebenzelana kuphela namaphakheji efomethi ye-DEB njengoba izinhlelo zefomethi ye-Snap, Flatpak kanye ne-Appimage zisebenzisa abaphathi bephakheji abahlukene. I-GNOME Software Center, Ubuntu Software Center noma i-Discover ziyizithombe zokusebenzelana ezisebenza nabaphathi abahlukahlukene bamaphakheji.

Imiyalo evame kakhulu ye-APT

Uma sifuna ukuthi uhlu lwezinhlelo nezinguqulo zibuyekezwe, sisebenzisa umyalo:
sudo apt update
Ukuze ubuyekeze amaphakheji afakiwe ezinguqulweni zakamuva ezitholakala kumakhosombe, singasebenzisa umyalo:
sudo apt upgrade
Uma esikufunayo ukufaka iphakethe elithile kulawo atholakala kumakhosombe, kufanele sibhale umyalo olandelayo kutheminali:
sudo apt install nombre_del_paquete
Ukusesha iphakheji ethile phakathi kwazo zonke izinqolobane sizokwenza ngomyalo:
apt search nombre_del_paquete.
Uma sifuna ukususa iphakheji thina noma uhlelo olungadingi, kufanele sinikeze imiyalelo elandelayo ku-terminal.
sudo apt remove nombre_del_paquete
Ukuze sisuse ngokuzenzakalela amaphakheji esingawadingi ohlelweni, singabhala:
sudo apt autoremove

Yize ukusebenzisa isixhumi esibonakalayo esifana nalesi esinikezwe i-Ubuntu Software Center kubonakala kulula uma uthi nhlá, uma ujwayele ukuphela uyalutheka. Ngakho-ke, lokhu kuthuthukiswa kwesixhumi esibonakalayo se-APT ngokungangabazeki kuzokwaziswa kakhulu ingxenye enkulu yabasebenzisi be-Ubuntu ne-Debian.


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.