I-Zabbix 7.0 LTS ifika nokushintshwa kwelayisensi, ukuthuthukiswa nokunye okwengeziwe

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Sekumenyezelwe ukukhishwa kwenguqulo entsha ye-"Zabbix 7.0", efika njengenguqulo yesikhathi eseluliwe esisemthethweni (LTS) kanye nalokho Kusukela ngale nguqulo 7.0, ikhodi yephrojekthi manje isatshalaliswa ngaphansi kwelayisensi ye-AGPLv3, esikhundleni selayisensi ye-GPLv2, njengoba kushiwo ukuthi isici esihlukile se-AGPLv3 ukwethulwa kwemikhawulo eyengeziwe yezinhlelo zokusebenza ezihlinzeka ngamasevisi enethiwekhi.

Uma usebenzisa izingxenye ze-AGPL ekuhlinzekweni kwezinsizakalo zenethiwekhi, umthuthukisi unesibopho sokuhlinzeka umsebenzisi ngekhodi yomthombo yazo zonke izinguquko ezenziwe kulezi zingxenye, ngisho noma isofthiwe eyisisekelo yesevisi ingasatshalaliswanga futhi isetshenziswa ngokukhethekile kwingqalasizinda yangaphakathi. ukuhlela ukusebenza kwesevisi.

Izindaba eziyinhloko zeZabbix 7.0

Kule nguqulo entsha eyethulwe ye-Zabbix 7.0, i ukwethulwa kwemodi "yokwenziwa kokuqapha kwamawebhusayithi nezinhlelo zokusebenza". esebenzisa injini yesiphequluli kanye nemibhalo eyinkimbinkimbi futhi ivumela ukudalwa kwezithombe-skrini zesimo sesayithi, ukubonwa kokusebenza nokuqapha idatha eqondene nezinhlelo zokusebenza zewebhu.

Esinye isici esisha se-Zabbix 7.0 yi- ukusekelwa kokuhlanganisa ama-proxy nokulinganisa ukulayisha kuwo wonke amaseva amaningi, kanye nokusetshenziswa kwezilinganisi ukuqinisekisa ukutholakala okuphezulu kwe-Zabbix. Ukulinganisa kwezixazululo ezikhona ezisekelwe ku-Zabbix kuthuthukisiwe ngokusebenzisa amaseva abamba angeziwe.

Dala amaqembu ommeleli alinganiselayo ekulayisheni

Sekuyi ukwanda kwe-scalability kanye nesivinini sokuqoqwa kwedatha usebenzisa i-asynchronous polling, ekuvumela ukuthi ucele imethrikhi elandelayo ngaphandle kokulinda ukuthi isicelo sangaphambilini sicutshungulwe. Umqoqi ngamunye usekela ukuqinisekiswa okuhambisanayo okungafika ku-1000. Lokhu kusebenza kwe-asynchronous kungasetshenziswa kuma-ejenti nezilawuli ezisebenzisa i-SNMP ne-HTTP.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, baye bahlanganisa amawijethi amasha ukuze ubuke amamethrikhi nesimo sengqalasizinda, futhi Ukuzulazula okunamandla kwamawijethi kumodi yephaneli sekusetshenzisiwe, ngokusebenzisana okuthinta ukuboniswa kolwazi phakathi kwamawijethi. Ukwengeza, ikhono lokubuyekeza amawijethi ngokuzenzakalelayo lapho kushintsha umthombo wedatha liyengezwa. Wonke amawijethi ahambisana nezifanekiso zomsingathi futhi eziningi zazo zisekela amanani engeziwe.

Ku-Zabbix 7.0 LTS wengeze izilungiselelo zesikhathi sokuvala ezimaphakathi, ifinyeleleka nge-GUI ne-API, okukuvumela ukuthi uchaze ukuphela kwesikhathi ngakunye ngokuhlobene nezinto ezithile noma ukhiphe ukuphela kwesikhathi kuleveli yommeleli.

ukuphela kwesikhathi sokuqoqwa kwedatha

Of ezinye izinguquko ezigqamile:

  • Ijubane lokunquma ukutholakala kwababungazi kumanethiwekhi likhule kakhulu, lifika ngokushesha izikhathi eziyi-100, ngenxa yokufana kwamasheke.
  • Usekelo lokuqinisekiswa kwezinto ezimbili kusetshenziswa Iphasiwedi Yesikhathi esisodwa (TOTP) esekelwe ku-Time kuhlanganisiwe.
  • Ukusebenza kommeleli okuthuthukisiwe nokusebenza kahle ngokulondoloza amamethrikhi aqoqiwe ku-RAM ngaphandle kokudinga ukubhafa kwediski.
  • Kwethulwe isikimu esiyingxubevange esivumela idatha ukuthi igcinwe kumemori nakudiski.
  • Ukuqinisekiswa kokulunga kwamafayela okumisa.
  • Ukuvumelana nezimo okukhulu kokutholwa komsingathi ezindaweni eziyinkimbinkimbi njenge-VMware ne-Kubernetes.
  • Ukuthuthukiswa kokusebenza okungaphambili ngokushintsha umqondo wokuhlola amalungelo okufinyelela.
  • Ukunwetshwa okuphawulekayo kwamakhono okuqapha i-DNS.
  • Ukudluliswa kwemibiko ye-PDF ekhiqizwe ngokuzenzakalelayo esigabeni esizinzile, ngosekelo olusetshenziswayo lwamadeshibhodi anamakhasi amaningi wemibiko ye-PDF.
  • Ukuzinzisa umthamo wokudlulisa ukuthumela amamethrikhi nemicimbi kumasistimu angaphandle.
  • Kwengezwe amandla okumisa isikhashana ukuqoqwa kwedatha yento elahlekile phakathi nokutholwa okuzenzakalelayo.
  • Kwengezwe amandla okusebenzisa izikripthi kumsebenzeli osebenzayo, kanye nosekelo lwezinhlobo zedatha kanambambili nemisebenzi emisha yokwenza kusebenze.
  • Ukusheshisa okubalulekile kokusebenza nedatha ye-Prometheus.

Okokugcina, uma ungathanda ukwazi okwengeziwe ngakho, ungathintana nemininingwane ku isixhumanisi esilandelayo.

Ungayifaka kanjani iZabbix ku-Ubuntu nakwezinye izinto?

Kulabo abanentshisekelo yokukwazi ukufaka inguqulo entsha, kubalulekile ukusho ukuthi ukuze uthuthukise kusuka kuzinguqulo zangaphambilini, udinga kuphela ukufaka ama-binaries amasha (iseva nommeleli) kanye nesixhumi esibonakalayo esisha. I-Zabbix izobuyekeza ngokuzenzakalelayo isizindalwazi. Asikho isidingo sokufaka ama-ejenti amasha.

Si Ngabe ufuna ukufaka le nsiza kusistimu yakho, ungakwenza ngokuvula i-terminal (ungasebenzisa inhlanganisela yokhiye Ctrl + Alt + T) futhi kuyo uzothayipha okulandelayo:

wget https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/7.0/ubuntu/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_7.0-1%2Bubuntu24.04_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i zabbix-release_7.0-1%2Bubuntu24.04_all.deb
sudo apt update 
sudo apt -y install zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-frontend-php zabbix-apache-conf zabbix-agent

Endabeni yezinye izinguqulo ze-Ubuntu ungasebenzisa elinye lamaphakheji alandelayo. Ubuntu 22.04:

wget https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/7.0/ubuntu/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_7.0-1%2Bubuntu22.04_all.deb

Ubuntu 20.04

wget https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/7.0/ubuntu/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_7.0-1%2Bubuntu20.04_all.deb

Ubuntu 18.04

wget https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/7.0/ubuntu/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_7.0-1%2Bubuntu18.04_all.deb

Ubuntu 16.04

wget https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/7.0/ubuntu/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_7.0-1%2Bubuntu16.04_all.deb

I-Zabbix isebenzisa i-database ukuze igcine ulwazi, ngakho-ke kufanele ube neyodwa esekelwe kakade efakwe ohlelweni lwakho, ngaphezu kokusebenzisa i-Apache, ngakho-ke ngincoma ukufaka iLamp. Ukufaka kwenziwe manje kufanele sakhe i-database yeZabbix, singakwenza lokhu ngokuthayipha:

sudo mysql -uroot -p password
mysql> create database zabbix character set utf8 collate utf8_bin; 
mysql> grant all privileges on zabbix.* to zabbix@localhost identified by 'contraseña'; mysql> quit

Lapho 'iphasiwedi' yiphasiwedi ye-database yakho okufanele uyikhumbule noma ubhale phansi ukuze uyibeke kamuva kufayela lokumisa.

Manje sesizongenisa okulandelayo:

zcat /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql*/create.sql.gz | mysql -uzabbix -p zabbix

Y ake sihlele ifayela elilandelayo, lapho sizobeka khona iphasiwedi egciniwe:

sudo nano /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf

Futhi sizofuna umugqa "DBPassword =" kuphi sizobeka iphasiwedi yedatha.

Manje sizohlela ifayili le /etc/zabbix/apache.conf:

Futhi sibheka umugqa "php_value date.timezone" esizowukhulula (sisuse #) futhi sizobeka indawo yethu yesikhathi (kimi Mexico):

php_value date.timezone America/Mexico

Ekugcineni siqala kabusha insiza nge:

sudo systemctl restart zabbix-server zabbix-agent apache2

sudo systemctl enable zabbix-server zabbix-agent apache2

Ukufinyelela ku-Zabbix, ungakwenza kusuka kusiphequluli sakho sewebhu ngokuya endleleni (esimweni sesiphakeli) http: // server_ip_or_name / zabbix noma kukhompyutha yendawo localhost / zabbix


Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.