I-GNOME ikhupha izinto ezininzi ezintsha, kubandakanya ukuphuculwa kweMutter kunye nePhosh

Amanqaku kwi-GNOME

Njengazo zonke iiveki ngeeveki ezingama-26 ngoku, iprojekthi ngasemva kweyona desktop isetyenziswa kakhulu yeLinux li papashwe elinye inqaku le Kule veki kwi-GNOME. Kwezinye iimpelaveki, into esiyibonileyo ibiziindaba ezincinci, kwaye uninzi lwayo lwalunxulumene ne-libadwaita kunye/okanye i-GTK4. Ngeli xesha, into esinayo yinto ende, kodwa mna ndiyayikhumbula into: ukuba bathethe ngakumbi nge-GNOME 42 abaza kuyikhupha nge-Matshi.

Baye babhala oku kungena kwibhlog yabo ngokuthi "qhakamshelana nam", kwaye ingcaciso kuphela endinokuyifumana kukuba into yokuqala abasixelele ngayo kukuba. Abafowunelwa be-GNOME bafakwe kwi-GTK4 kunye ne-libadwaita, ke iya kujongeka ilungile kwi-GNOME 42 ekhankanywe ngasentla.

Kule veki kwi-GNOME

Ukongeza kuQhagamshelwano lwe-GNOME, kule veki sixelelwe ngoku kulandelayo:

  • UMutter ufumene uphuculo oluninzi, njengokuxhasa iprotocol yempendulo ye-dmabuf. Njengoko bechaza, "Kwi-Gnome 42, umzekelo, oku kuya kusivumela ukuba sisebenzise ukuskena ngokuthe ngqo ngobuninzi be-OpenGL okanye iVulkan yabathengi bescreen esigcweleyo. Into esele siyixhasa kwiinguqulelo zamva nje, nangona kunjalo kuphela kwiimeko ezikhethiweyo kakhulu. Unokucinga ngolu hlobo njengoguqulelo oluphucukileyo lwe-X11 olungathanga ngqo, ngokukodwa ngaphandle kokukrazula.«.
  • Umakhi kunye neeLogi ngoku zixhasa ukhetho olutsha lwe-libadwaita.
  • GJS:
    • Ujongano lwe GObject lwenziwe lwabalwa, ngoko ungenza ngoku izinto ezifana ne Object.keys(Gio.File.prototype) kwaye ufumane uluhlu lweendlela, njengokuba ungenza ngezinye iindidi zeGObject.
    • Lungisa ukuvuza kwememori ngeefowuni ezifowunelwayo.
    • I-refactoring enkulu enxulumene nokhuseleko lohlobo
    • Yonke into enokwakhiwa kwiWindows igciniwe.
  • Umphathi wegama lokugqitha leeMfihlo (eyayifudula ikhuselwe igama lokugqithisa) ngoku isebenzisa i-GTK4 kunye ne libadwaita, kwaye ifumene inkxaso ye-OTP.
  • I-gtk-rs ifumene uphuculo apho abasebenzisi beWindows baya kuxhamla ngakumbi.
  • I-Gaphor, isixhobo se-UML kunye ne-SysML yemodeli, ngoku ixhasa iintlobo zedayagram.
  • Iziqwenga, umxhasi weGNOME womnatha womnatha wothungelwano olufumana uphuculo phantse veki nganye, ngoku unemenu zemeko enezenzo eziqhelekileyo njengokunqumama okanye ukucima. Ekuqaleni ziyilelwe iikhompyuter zedesktop, kodwa zinokuvulwa kwizikrini zokuchukumisa ngokunjalo.
  • Zibophelele ngoku usebenzisa iGtkSourceView, eyenza iimpawu ezintsha kunye nophuculo.
  • Umsebenzi uqalile ePlayhouse, eluhlobo lomhleli wokuziqhelanisa weHTML, CSS, kunye neJavaScript. "Ibala lokudlala" liza kuguqulelwa ngokuthi "indawo yokudlala", kwaye ligama elisetyenziswa kwiiprojekthi ezininzi ukubhekisa kwisoftware esinokuthi "sidlale" ngayo ngekhowudi. IPlayhouse one iya kusivumela ukuba sidlale ngoyilo lwewebhu. Ngokwam, ndijonge phambili ekuyizameni, kodwa akukho nguqulo ikhutshiweyo okwangoku. Iza kusebenza ne-GTK4, GJS, libadwaita, GtkSourceView kunye neWebKitGTK.
  • Ushicilelo lokuqala lwealpha lwelobshumate, ithala leencwadi lewijethi yemephu ye-GTK4 eyabhengezwa ngo-2019, ikhutshiwe. Ushicilelo lokuqala, oluphawulwe ngokungazinzanga, luqulathe yonke into efunekayo ukuze ulungise imephu encinci yokujonga.
  • I-Rnote sisixhobo sokuzoba esekwe kwi-vector ukwenza amanqaku abhalwe ngesandla kunye nemifanekiso echatshazelwayo kunye neePDF. Ibonisa i-blade engapheliyo, iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zepeni ezinenkxaso yoxinzelelo lwepen, iimilo, kunye nezixhobo. Ikwanayo nesikhangeli sendawo yokusebenza eyakhelweyo kwaye ikuvumela ukuba ukhethe kwimibala eyahlukeneyo yangasemva kunye neepateni. Inokukhutshelwa njengeflatpak ukusuka Flathub.
  • I-GstPipelineStudio ijolise ekuboneleleni ngomzobo wojongano lomsebenzisi kwisakhelo se-GStreamer. Ukusuka kwisinyathelo sokuqala kwisakhelo esinombhobho olula wokulungisa imibhobho entsonkothileyo, isixhobo sibonelela ngojongano olunobuhlobo lokongezelela izinto kumbhobho kunye nokuwulungisa.
  • I-Phosh yongeze inkxaso yeephasiwedi ezingezizo amanani.
  • Bakwasebenzise iintsuku ezisixhenxe zokugqibela ukuphucula amaxwebhu e-GNOME kunye newebhusayithi ye-app.gnome.org.

Kwaye kube yile veki e-GNOME.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

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