Uyifaka njani iMesa yevidiyo kwi-Ubuntu 18.04 LTS?

imizobo-yokuqhuba-itheyibhile

Ngaphambili Besisele sabelane nawe ngeendlela zokufaka Abaqhubi babucala baseNvidia kunye Abanini be-AMD kwinkqubo yethu, kakuhle ukuyalixesha lokuba ufake abaqhubi basimahla.

Ngokungafaniyo nabaqhubi be-Nvidia okanye i-Amd gpu pro, Abaqhubi beMesa ngabaqhubi bemithombo evulekileyo esebenza phantse kulo naliphi na ikhadi levidiyo. I-Mesa ilayibrari yemizobo ebonelela ngokusetyenziswa okuqhelekileyo kwe-OpenGL ngokunikezela ngemizobo ye-XNUMXD kumaqonga amaninzi.

Etafileni

Iprojekthi kaMesa iqale njengophumezo lomthombo ovulekileyo Inkcazo ye-OpenGL (inkqubo yokunikezela ngemizobo ye-3D). Ukutyhubela iminyaka, Iprojekthi ikhule yasebenza ngakumbi kwimizobo yeAPIs, kubandakanya i-OpenGL ES (iinguqulelo 1, 2, 3), i-OpenCL, i-OpenMAX, i-VDPAU, i-VA API, i-XvMC kunye neVulkan.

Izixhobo ezahlukeneyo zokuqhuba zivumela iilayibrari zeMesa ukuba zisetyenziswe kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo, Ukusuka kwisoftware yokulingisa ukugqibezela ukukhawulezisa izixhobo ze-GPU zale mihla.

I-Mesa isebenzisa umaleko ozimeleyo wokuguqulela phakathi kwe-API yemizobo efana ne-OpenGL kunye nabaqhubi bemizobo kwikernel yenkqubo yokusebenza.

Ukongeza kwizicelo ze-3D, ezinjengemidlalo, iiseva zemizobo zisebenzisa iifowuni ze-OpenGL / EGL ukuvelisa umfanekiso kwiscreen, ke ngoko, yonke imizobo (kolo setyenziso luxhaswa leli thala leencwadi) ihlala ihamba ngeMesa.

Inguqulelo exhaswayo yee-graphic API ezahlukeneyo ixhomekeke kumqhubi, kuba nganye inokuphunyezwa kwayo kwaye ngenxa yoko inguqulelo yayo exhaswayo.

Oku kwenzeka ngakumbi xa umqhubi engaphuhliswanga ngeGallium3D (apho abaqhubi babelana ngekhowudi ethambekele ekulungelelaniseni uguqulelo oluxhaswayo).

Kwakhona, inyani yokuba abaqhubi beMesa yemizobo bayimithombo evulekileyo kwaye banokuphunyezwa ngokubanzi akuthethi ukuba babi.

Ngokuchasene noko, amaxesha amaninzi ukusetyenziswa kwabaqhubi kuthambekele ekunikeni ukusebenza okuphezulu ekusebenziseni abaqhubi babucala bamakhadi ahlukileyo emizobo.

Oku kubangelwa kukuba abaqhubi babucala baphelelwe lixesha kwaye abasaxhaswa okanye ngenxa yokuba abaphuhlisi abahlali bekhupha okanye bebandakanya itekhnoloji yakutshanje kubaqhubi babo.

Uyifaka njani iigrafikhi zeMesa kwi-Ubuntu 18.04 LTS kunye neziphumo?

Ngokwenyani Ubuntu 18.04 Kunye neenkqubo ezivela koku Nika ufakelo lomthombo ovulekileyo wokuqhuba kweMesa ngokuzenzekelayo

Oku kwenzeka ukuba bakhethe ufakelo, ngaphandle kokukhetha ibhokisi yokutshekisha kufakelo lwesoftware yomntu wesithathu.

Nangona kunjalo sikwanokukhetha ukuvavanya ukusebenza kwezi kwinkqubo yethu, kunye nokufaka olona hlobo lwamva nje lwezi.

Abaqhubi banokufumaneka kwiindawo zokugcina ezisemthethweni zeBuntu, kodwa njengoko ungasazi njalo ukuba ezona nguqulelo zangoku zihlala zibekwa kwezi ngokukhawuleza.

Kule nto Siza kusebenzisa indawo yokugcina umntu wesithathu, kufuneka sivule kuphela i-terminal Ctrl + Alt + T kwaye siza kongeza indawo yokugcina kunye:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-x-swat/updates

Ngoku siza kuhlaziya uluhlu lwethu lweephakeji kunye noovimba kunye:

sudo apt-get update

Y okokugqibela sinako ukufaka abaqhubi nge:

sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

Emva kokuba inkqubo yofakelo igqityiwe Kuya kufuneka baqalise kwakhona inkqubo yabo Ukuqinisekisa ukuba utshintsho luyagcinwa kwaye uqala iseshoni yomsebenzisi kunye nabo.

Nje ukuba ubuyile kwinkqubo ungajonga uhlobo lweMESA oyisebenzisayo ngokwenza lo myalelo kwisiphelo sendlela:

glxinfo | grep "OpenGL versión"

Baya kuthi ngalo bafumane ulwazi malunga nayo kwiscreen.

Ukusuka kulo mzuzu baya kuba nezaziso zeenguqulelo ezintsha, kunye nemiyalezo yokuzifaka kwinkqubo.

Ungabakhupha njani abaqhubi bemizobo yeMesa kwi-Ubuntu 18.04 LTS kunye neziphumo?

Ukuba ufuna ukususa abaqhubi kwinkqubo yakho, yenza nje lo myalelo ulandelayo kwisiphelo sendlela:

sudo ppa-purge ppa:ubuntu-x-swat/updates --auto-remove

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1.   UDerSchattenmann sitsho

    I-SHYCD
    uluntu lwabaphangi kunye nabaqhekezi kwiintlungu
    isebe le-uruguay soriano
    Iifayile ze-instagram

  2.   alex sitsho

    Ayizukundivumela ndiyisuse, ndifumana oku:
    Isudo: ppa-purge: umyalelo awufumaneki